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2019年09月16日 08:53:16来源:百家诊疗

Good morning and welcome: welcome to my colleagues here on stage, to the family members who have joined us today, and – especially – to the Yale College Class of 2020.2020 – 2020 is a term that inevitably brings to mind perfect eyesight. And now that all of you are wearing 2020 as your class label in Yale College, I am confident your intuition and your mental acuity will develop here to an equivalent level of strength. The admissions office assures me that everything possible has been done to guarantee this outcome.Nonetheless, Id like to reflect on your ;first day of school; about what might impede your insight and what might advance it in the course of your education here.For many years, I taught introductory psychology to a large number of freshmen. In the part of the course devoted to social psychology, I would ask my students to consider what we know about helping others in various kinds of social situations. Specifically, why is it that we offer assistance, or fail to offer assistance, in emergencies?I would begin with the tragic and well-known case of Kitty Genovese, a twenty-nine-year-old woman who lived in Kew Gardens, Queens, and was murdered there in 1964. Her case received enormous attention and commentary, and you have probably heard some version of her story. As reported in the New York Times, thirty-eight individuals watched the murder from their apartment windows, but only one called the police, and by then it was too late.Over the years, I have described this shocking incident many times. So have other social psychologists teaching similar courses, and so did the social scientists who sought to explain how witnesses could exhibit such callous indifference to a horrific crime taking place before their eyes.Heres the trouble: the standard account of the Kitty Genovese case is wrong in some of its crucial details.Kittys brother, Bill Genovese, produced a film last year, maybe some of you have seen it, called The Witness. In it, he documents that some bystanders were not indifferent: one witness shouted out the window at the attacker, another witness held Kitty in her arms as she died, and several called the police during the attack.So what does it mean that social scientists have been retelling an incorrect version of this story for over fifty years as a paradigmatic example of extreme bystander indifference? Well, among other things, it means that inadvertently we have been perpetuating what could rightly be called a false narrative – a version of events that, while partly true, had been shaped, in this case by a newspaper report, to elicit strong negative emotions like anger, like fear, like disgust.201609/466885。

  • 64. I'll... for a change. 我想换换口味······ 用法透视 你某天突然想不按惯例来点变化,就可用for a change(换换口味)表示。 持范例 1. Today I'll go to the KFC for a change. 今天我换换口味去吃肯德基。 2. Let's eat out for a change. 今天我们出去吃。 3. This summer vacation I'll find a part-time job for a change. 今年暑假,我想变换一下找个兼职。 会话记忆 A: Hi, waiting for the bus? Where are you going? 嗨,等车呢?你去哪? B: China Hotel. 中国饭店。 A: Why don't you take a taxi? It'll get you there much faster. 为什么不打车?那要快得多。 B: Well, I think I'll take the bus this time just for a change. 哦,我想这次我还是换一下走法,乘公车 /200705/13455。
  • My fellow Americans, this weekend I begin my first trip overseas as president – a trip with historic significance for the American people.我的美国同胞们,本周我将以总统的身份首次开启出国访问之旅,这次出访对美国民众有历史性意义。I will be visiting with the leaders in many different countries to strengthen our old friendships, build new partnerships,我将探访许多不同国家的首脑,巩固传统友谊,建立新的伙伴关系,and unite the civilized world in a fight against terrorism.联合文明国家共同打击恐怖主义。In that spirit of unity, I will travel to lands associated with three of the worlds great religions.本着这种团结的精神,我将前往与世界三大宗教紧密相连的地方。My first stop will be Saudi Arabia – the heart of the Muslim World.我出访的首站是穆斯林世界的核心——沙特阿拉伯。There, I will address a historic gathering of the leaders of more than 50 Muslim nations.在那里,50多个穆斯林国家首脑将历史性地齐聚一堂,而我会面对大家发表演说。I will represent the views of the American people frankly and clearly.我将坦诚而清晰地反映美国民众的观点。Many of these leaders have expressed growing concern about terrorism, the sp of radicalization, and Irans role in funding both.对于恐怖主义、激进主义的扩张以及伊朗对前两者的资助问题,这些穆斯林国家的许多首脑已表示出日益增长的担忧。Now it appears Muslim leaders are y to take more responsibility and a much bigger role in fighting terrorism in their region.现在看来,在对抗国内恐怖主义问题上,穆斯林国家的领导准备好承担更多的责任,扮演更重要的角色。Its about time we do it, well do it together, but it has to be done.是时候做这件事了,我们要齐心合力,此事必须要做到。America cannot solve all of the worlds problems,美国一国无法解决全世界的问题,but we can – and we must – help any nation willing to join in the common cause of eradicating terrorism from the face of the earth.但各国联合起来能够、也必须帮助那些国家——有意加入根除全球恐怖主义共同事业的任何国家。201706/515055。
  • 英语日常口语 49:The quarter-finals本单元是关于季决赛的对话Tim: England are out! We lost on penalties again! Alice: I'm gutted! I blame Rooney. Tim: He didn't do nuffink!Alice: How can you say that? We all saw what he did. The ref had to send him off. Tim: I still say we was robbed. The ref was far too free and easy with that card.Alice: You're just looking for a scapegoat. Tim: No I'm not.Alice: What about the manager, the skipper, the strikers? Don't you blame them? Tim: Don't be so rational Alice. We're going back empty-handed and I can't stand it! Alice: Oh cheer up Tim. We'll be home soon and you and Michal can commiserate with each other - England and Poland out of the World Cup again ... until next time!Vocabulary:(字汇)I'm gutted (informal):(非常失望,非正式)I'm very disappointeda scapegoat:(替罪羔羊)a person who is wrongly blamed when something goes wrong empty-handed:(空手而归)(often used when talking about competitions) not winning any prizes. commiserate with someone:(表达同情)show pity for someone's misfortune or bad luck本单元语言点是关于足球词汇的,请看下面与足球有关的一些字汇Football vocabularyHere is some vocabulary about playing and scoring football. 本节介绍一些与足球有关的一些字汇。 Basics(基本)a match two teams playing against each other in a 90-minute game of footballa pitch the area where footballers play a matcha referee the person who makes sure that the players follow the rules. Normally wears a black shirt and shorts, and has a whistlea linesman (referee's assistant) the person whose main duty it is to indicate with a flag when the ball has gone out of play, when a player is offside or when a player should take a cornera goalkeeper the player in goal who has to stop the ball from crossing the goal-line. The only player who is allowed to handle the ball during open play an attacker also called a striker or a forward; a player whose duty it is to score goals, e.g. Samuel Eto'o is an attacker and plays in attack for Barcelona and Cameroonthe skipper the player who leads a team, also called the captaina substitute a player who sits on the bench y to replace another team-mate on the pitcha manager the person in charge of a team and responsible for training, new players and transfers. For example, Alex Ferguson is the manager of Manchester ed /200707/16053。
  • The entire world is watching, and they look to us for stability and leadership.全世界都在关注,他们将依赖我们提供稳定和领导力。Now, I know some of the presidential candidates have been critical of my foreign policy.我知道某些总统候选人对我的外交政策很有意见。I dont want to name any names. -Hes talking about Donald Trump.我不想指名道姓。-他说的是唐纳德·特朗普。But I believe it is of the utmost importance to work alongside other world leaders.但我相信与其他世界领导人合作至关重要。Thats why I signed the Iran nuclear deal.这就是为什么我签署了伊朗核协议。Thats why we reopened diplomatic ties with Cuba.这就是为什么我们重新开始与古巴的外交关系。And thats why I negotiated the new trade deal called the Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP.这就是为何我交涉了称为跨太平洋伙伴关系的新贸易协议,简称TPP。Now, hold on there, ;Prez Dispenser.;等等,总统大人(谐音)。Are you saying youre down with TPP? -Yeah, you know me.你是说你赞成加入TPP?-是啊,你懂我的。Look, Jimmy, the TPP allows American businesses to sell their products both at home and abroad.你看,吉米,TPP让美国企业有在国内外出售他们产品的机会。The more we sell abroad, the more higher-paying jobs we provide here at home. Its that simple.我们实行越多的对外贸易,在国内就能有越多的高薪工作,就这么简单。So what youre saying is, this trade deal will help put everyday Americans back to...-Work, work, work, work, work, work.所以你的意思是这个贸易协议会让美国人能重拾工作吗?-工作,工作,工作,工作,工作,工作。He put us back to work, work, work, work, work. He put us back to...他把我们带回到工作,工作,工作,工作,工作。他把我们带回到……Work, work, work, work, work.工作,工作,工作,工作,工作。Now, Mr. President, since youre here, I got to ask, have you been watching all the election coverage this week about Donald Trump?总统先生,既然你在这里,有一件事我不得不问你,你最近看了这周关于特朗普选举的媒体报道吗?No, but I have been watching my new favorite show, ;Orange is Not the New Black.;没有,但是我看了我最喜欢的新剧《女子监狱》(橘皮肤的特朗普不会取代黑皮肤的他)。Im gonna need you to Netflix and chill.我觉得你需要放松一下。I get it if youre a little wound up after all this time.你过了这么久有点情绪亢奋我可以理解。I mean, I cant imagine what itd be like to do the same job for eight straight years.我的意思是,我无法想象连续8年来一直做一个工作是怎样的体验。Jimmy, you probably never will.吉米,你可能永远也不会懂。Does Obamacare cover burns?奥巴马医改是否涉及语言中伤?Americas best days are still yet to come.美国的未来会更好。Thank you, Mr. President, for all that youve done.谢谢总统先生,谢谢你所做的一切。This countrys on track, and that is a fact.这个国家走上了正轨,这是一个事实。Once you go Barack, you will never go back.奥巴马执政,永不后退。Thank you for leading the red, white, and the blue -And that is how we slow jam the news. -Oh, yeah.谢谢你领导美国。-这就是以柔情即兴伴奏的形式呈现这条新闻。-哦耶。Give it up for the President of the ed States, Barack Obama! Double mic drop!让我们为美国总统奥巴马热烈的掌声鼓励。Well be right back with more of ;The Tonight Show!; Come on, everybody!我们马上回来,更多精就在吉米晚间秀。201607/454206。
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