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重庆皮肤科哪家医院比较好重庆市云阳县人民医院网上预约挂号News that India’s High Court of Delhi issued an injunction against Chinese smartphone upstart Xiaomi was a reminder of how much Chinese smartphone makers still have to grow. It was not, however, an indication that the Chinese can’t grow into international brands.印度德里高等法院下达针对中国智能手机新贵小米公司(Xiaomi)的一项禁令,这则消息提醒了我们,中国智能手机制造商还有多长的路要走。不过,这并不意味着中国手机无法成长为国际品牌。The Swedish telecom giant Ericsson filed suit in India complaining that Xiaomi did not pay royalties on its wireless technology patents. The court agreed and instructed Xiaomi to stop selling and importing in the country until February, when the court hears the case.瑞典电讯巨头爱立信(Ericsson)在印度将小米告上法庭,理由是小米使用了爱立信的无线科技专利却没有付专利费。法院方面已经通过了爱立信提交的申请,并宣布在明年二月开庭审理之前禁止小米在印度销售和进口智能手机。“Ericsson’s commitment to the global support of technology and innovation is undisputed. It is unfair for Xiaomi to benefit from our substantial Ramp;D investment without paying a reasonable licensee fee for our technology,” Ericsson said in a statement.爱立信发言人在一份声明中表示,“爱立信一直致力于全球范围内的科技发展和创新,这一点是毫无争议的。小米使用了我们大量的科研成果,却没有付合理的技术授权费用,这是不公平的。”Xiaomi had been on a roll in India. In October Xiaomi said it sold 40,000 phones in just four seconds in an online flash sale. Hugo Barra, vice president of Xiaomi global, said in a posting on Google Plus today the company had 150,000 registrations for its Redmi Note on the e-commerce site Flipkart just as the injunction came down.小米手机在印度的发展势头如火如荼。10月份时该公司曾宣称,在一次网上限时抢购活动中,开售仅4秒钟就有4万台手机售出。12月12日,小米全球副总裁雨果o巴拉在社交网站Google+上表示,就在禁令下达时,公司通过电子商务网站Flipkart收到了15万份红米Note手机的订购单。That momentum is halted for now, but not quashed. Patent disputes in the smartphone industry are as common as hot specs on a new phone. The litigious history of Apple and Samsung, which included injunctions before the two sides agreed to a ceasefire, is but one example. According to Ericsson, Xiaomi had been unresponsive during three years of attempts by the Swedish company to get compensation for its standard essential patents (those essential in connecting a phone to a wireless standard) for GSM, EDGE, and UMTS/WCDMA standards. A Xiaomi spokeswoman did not respond to a request for comment.虽然小米的发展势头被暂时遏止,但并不意味着就此偃旗息鼓。专利纠纷在智能手机业内相当常见,和新款手机的热门配置一样层出不穷。苹果(Apple)和三星(Samsung)的诉讼史就是其中一例,这两大巨头在决定停战前也曾多次向对方发出禁令。爱立信指出,三年来它一直要求小米对GSM、EDGE、UMTS/WCDMA标准产品的标准核心专利(将手机连接无线设备的关键专利)方面的侵权活动进行赔偿,但对方从未回应。小米公司的一位女性发言人拒绝就此发表任何看法。“Xiaomi needs to act fast to reverse the injunction to protect its brand image in the country,” Canalys analyst Rushabh Doshi said in an email. According to Canalys, Xiaomi shipped close to 340,000 units to India in the third quarter.“小米要迅速设法撤销这一禁令,才能维护它在印度的品牌形象,” 市场研究公司Canalys的分析师拉沙布o多什在一封电子邮件中写道。根据Canalys的资料,第三季度已有近34万台小米手机运到了印度。A quick settlement is likely. Xiaomi doesn’t want to face Ericsson in court—a state-run Chinese newspaper reported last week Xiaomi only holds 12 authorized patents in China—and the smartphone newcomer wants to continue its early momentum in India.双方有希望迅速达成和解。一家中国官方报纸上周报道称,小米在国内仅拥有12项授权专利,它并不想与爱立信对簿公堂,这位智能手机后起之秀希望保持它在印度的发展势头。Xiaomi can end an injunction quickly enough if it chooses. It can offer Ericsson a percentage of every device it sells in India. That will crimp operating margins, aly slim on Xiaomi’s smartphones that sell for as low as in the country, but allow Xiaomi to keep selling. By the time Xiaomi expands to Brazil and Mexico next year, as it has previously said it intends to, its patent portfolio and Ramp;D could be expanded to give it more bargaining power in future patent lawsuits.如果小米愿意,它能够迅速让法院撤销这项禁令,比如将印度销售的手机收入分一部分给爱立信。不过,此举将减少小米的经营利润率,让这款在印度售价仅96美元的手机利润进一步压低,但这样小米至少还能继续其销售业务。根据小米宣布的计划,明年小米将进军巴西和墨西哥市场,小米将扩展专利组合和研发范围,从而在今后的专利纠纷中获得更多的议价能力。Xiaomi’s case in India isn’t isolated. Ericsson ERIC -1.31% has filed suits against Indian-firms including Micromax and a separate Chinese smartphone maker Gionee, which has run a successful business in India for years. Gionee’s president William Lu told me about the case in a November interview at Gionee headquarters in Shenzhen. I asked him if Chinese smartphone vendors had expanded to India because like China, it has a reputation for lax patent enforcement when compared to Western Europe or the U.S. Lu stopped me. “Being in India, you cannot avoid the IP issue,” he said, and offered the Ericsson dispute as proof.小米在印度的诉讼并非个案。爱立信也曾对印度企业Micromax和另一家中国智能手机制造商金立(Gionee)提出过诉讼。金立手机近年来在印度的经营也相当成功。该公司总裁卢伟冰11月份在深圳总部接受笔者采访时,提到了他们和爱立信的诉讼案。当被问到中国手机制造商纷纷开拓印度市场,是否是因为印度和中国一样,在专利管理方面没有西欧或美国那么严格时,卢先生打断了记者的提问,表示“在印度,你是不能回避知识产权问题的”,并举出爱立信的诉讼案作为例。Xiaomi must have realized the same thing this week.小米应该也意识到了这一点。The Chinese smartphone makers’ lack of patents has been known for years. Ericsson’s suit in India is the first taste of the IP hurdle Xiaomi faces outside the favorable confines of China, where the court system established low royalty rates in a case involving the U.S. company InterDigital and under Qualcomm’s terms, the smartphone makers don’t file disputes against one another if they use Qualcomm chips (which almost all do).多年来,中国的智能手机制造商缺乏专利已经是业内共知的事实。爱立信在印度的诉讼是小米在中国这一有利的市场边界之外,首尝知识产权障碍。中国的法院系统在美国公司InterDigital一案中中设定了非常低的专利使用费,而根据高通公司(Qualcomm)的条款,使用高通公司芯片(几乎所有公司都是如此)的各智能手机制造商之间不能互相提起争端。If Xiaomi quickly settles with Ericsson in India, the episode might be seen as just a hurdle in Xiaomi’s global expansion.如果小米能够和爱立信迅速了结在印度的争端,那么这一段插曲只会被当作小米全球扩张途中掀起的一道波澜。(财富中文网) /201412/349378重庆哪家医院做修复疤痕比较好 资阳玻尿酸费用

重庆星宸整形医院网上预约咨询Mark one up for man over the machine. The world champion of the ancient Chinese board game of Go has finally found a way to beat Google’s AlphaGo computer, after losing three straight games last week. 这是人类战胜机器的时刻,世界围棋冠军终于设法打败了谷歌(Google)的AlphaGo计算机,上周他在这种发源于中国的古老棋类游戏的“人机对战”中连输三局。 Lee Se-dol, the South Korean who has been the top Go player for a decade, was delighted at his first victory, although AlphaGo had aly clinched the m prize in the best-of-five series. The money will be donated to charity after the final game is held on Tuesday. 10年来保持着世界排名第一的韩国棋手李世石(Lee Se-Dol)对自己的首场胜利感到高兴,尽管AlphaGo已经稳拿这轮五局对弈的100万美元奖金。在周二举行最后一局比赛后,这笔钱将捐献给慈善机构。 “It’s just one game. I’ve never been congratulated so much just because I won one game,” Mr Lee told reporters after the match on Sunday in Seoul. “这只是一局比赛。我从来没有因为赢得一盘棋而得到这么多祝贺,”李世石在周日赛后对记者们表示。这局比赛是在首尔举行的。 “This win is invaluable and I would not trade it for anything else in the world,” the 33-year-old grandmaster said with a big smile. Mr Lee acknowledged he had underestimated AlphaGo’s skills, but said the software was not perfect. “这场胜利非常宝贵,我不会拿它与世界上其它任何东西交换,”这位33岁的九段棋手满脸笑容地表示。李世石承认,此前他低估了AlphaGo的技能,但他表示,该软件并不完美。 Demis Hassabis, chief executive of Google Deepmind, the developer of the computer program, said the match result would provide a valuable lesson for his team to identify and address AlphaGo’s weakness. 开发AlphaGo的谷歌DeepMind的首席执行官杰米斯#8226;哈萨比斯(Demis Hassabis)表示,这场比赛的结果将带来宝贵收获,让他的团队发现和解决AlphaGo的弱点。 “He was too good for us today and pressured AlphaGo into a mistake that it couldn’t recover from,” Mr Hassabis tweeted. “他今天对我们太强大了,AlphaGo在压力之下出了一个错,之后再也无法恢复局面,”哈萨比斯在Twitter上表示。 /201603/431706大足区妇幼保健医院看病贵么 Hundreds of Russians plug away at keyboards, sping pro-Kremlin propaganda on social media sites and masterminding online hoaxes every day. They work in what have come to be known as “troll farms”, named after the derogatory nickname used for people who sp hate on the internet.数以百计的俄罗斯人每天不停地敲击键盘,在社交媒体上传播亲克里姆林宫的宣传言论,策划一个又一个网络骗局。他们在所谓的“巨魔农场”(troll farm)工作,这个带有贬义的名称源于那些在网络上散播仇恨的人的绰号。Adrian Chen, who visited a troll farm called the Internet Research Agency while reporting for The New York Times, believes that the Russians might be the most organised trolls.在为《纽约时报》(New York Times)报道期间,Adrian Chen探访过一个美其名曰“互联网研究机构”(Internet Research Agency)的巨魔农场,他相信那里的俄罗斯人可能是最有组织的“巨魔”。However, they are not unique — social media is being used to distort political debate around the world.然而,他们并不是唯一这样做的人——在世界各地,社交媒体都被用于扭曲政治辩论。In Russia, Mr Chen says, internet users may not be convinced by the comments left by trolls on internet sites. But trolling works by sowing seeds of distrust in online conversations. It pours cold water on social media’s promise to bring people together for frank discussion.Chen表示,在俄罗斯,互联网用户可能不会听信“巨魔”在网站上留下的。但这种行为靠的是在网络对话中播下不信任的种子。人们原本希望社交媒体能让人们在一起坦诚讨论,但“巨魔”行为给这一希望泼了一盆冷水。“This more insidious effect is to make the internet an unreliable source of information and to undermine the democratic nature of the internet. That is to the government’s advantage,” he says.“更阴险的影响是让互联网沦为不可靠的信息源,削弱互联网的民主本质。这对政府是有利的,”他说。Troll farms in Mexico and India work in a similar way, Mr Chen adds, and the same principle applied in “GamerGate”, an organised online harassment campaign against women in the game industry, which erupted in 2014. “You can easily flood the internet with this garbage to try to drown out your opponents,” he says.Chen补充道,墨西哥和印度的巨魔农场也是以类似方式运作的,同样的道理也适用于“GamerGate”事件。这起在线骚扰视频游戏业女性从业者的有组织事件发生在2014年。“你可以轻易用这种垃圾淹没互联网,试图盖过你的对手,”他说。China also runs its own propaganda armies and monitors what people post online to see how public opinion is changing. Meanwhile Isis supporters have become expert in creating anonymous accounts that are used to sp propaganda and recruit potential terrorists. As soon as companies such as Facebook and Twitter shut these down, new ones appear.中国也有自己的宣传大军,并对人们在网络上发表的言论进行监视,以查看民意变化。同时,“伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国”(ISIS)的持者成为了创建匿名账户的专家,这些账户被用来传播ISIS宣传内容和招募潜在恐怖分子。一旦Facebook和Twitter等公司关闭这些账户,就会有新的账户出现。When social media sites first emerged, they appeared to give everybody the ability to broadcast their views, suggesting that a wider range of voices would be heard than in the mainstream media.当社交媒体网站首次出现时,它们似乎赋予了每个人畅所欲言的能力,暗示人们会听到比主流媒体更广泛的声音。However, a system that allows people to comment anonymously, and which makes it easy to retweet and share messages, is vulnerable to manipulation, particularly by organised groups with money and personnel — especially as the mainstream media seem willing to amplify their message.然而,一个允许人们匿名、并且可以方便地转发和分享消息的系统很容易遭到操纵,尤其是受到拥有财力人力的有组织集团的操纵——特别是在主流媒体似乎愿意放大他们的声音的情况下。Politicians have built large followings on social networks, thrilled to be able to reach voters directly. US President Barack Obama has more than 68m followers on Twitter, while the Indian prime minister Narendra Modi has more than 17m.政治人士在社交媒体上有大批关注者,他们为能够直接接触选民而感到兴奋。美国总统巴拉克攠巴马(Barack Obama)在Twitter上有逾6800万关注者,而印度总理纳伦德拉莫迪(Narendra Modi)拥有逾1700万关注者。But political debates that engage citizens are still rare, argues Professor Christian Fuchs, the director of the University of Westminster’s communication and media research institute. He points to Mr Obama’s use of his political account to promote a competition for a cruise to Alaska last month.但威斯敏斯特大学(University of Westminster)传播和媒体研究院院长克里斯蒂安富克斯(Christian Fuchs)认为,真正吸引公民参与的政治辩论依然很少见。他举例子指出,上月奥巴马利用他的Twitter政治账户宣传一场竞赛,奖品是乘邮轮旅游阿拉斯加。“Such populism 2.0 reduces the political public sphere to submit-and-win contests, political spectacles and personality politics dominated by leadership figures,” he says. “What is today largely missing are politically innovative users of social media that engage citizens in political conversations with each other, in which they have the chance to discuss and explore the complexity of the key political challenges the world faces today.”“这种2.0版本的民粹主义将政治公共空间降级为‘提交并赢奖’的竞赛、政治表演以及由领导人物主导的人格政治,”他说,“当今基本上不存在有政治创意的社交媒体用户,他们能够发动公民在彼此间开展政治对话,在此过程中有机会讨论和探索当今世界面临的关键政治挑战的复杂性。”Nick Anstead, assistant professor at the media department of the London School of Economics, says it is also a myth that social media is a way to reach large audiences for free.伦敦政治经济学院(London School of Economics)传媒系助理教授尼克褠斯特德(Nick Anstead)表示,社交媒体是一种免费接触大批受众的方式的说法也是错误的。“When people were first considering the internet and new media, there was certainly a sense that it was going to change the power dynamics, it would lead to a redistribution of power,” he says. But it is now clear that to thrive on social media, politicians have to have access not only to a large group of supporters and but also to money, he says.“当人们最初考虑互联网和新媒体时,确实有种看法认为这些新事物将改变力量格局,导致力量的重新分配,”他说。但他表示,如今已经十分明显的是,如果要在社交媒体上走红,政治人士不仅必须拥有大批持者,还需要资金。In the 2008 US presidential election race, Obama’s campaign was seen as mastering the use of grass roots supporters to sp messages online — but it also spent 10 per cent of its paid media budget on buying digital advertising.在2008年美国总统选战中,奥巴马的竞选被视为很好地利用了基层持者来在线传播消息——但奥巴马选举团队也将10%的付费媒体预算用于购买数字广告。Andrew Heyward, of the MIT Media Lab, says politicians’ social media strategies now resemble those of brands, with Republican Donald Trump by far the most successful presidential candidate.麻省理工学院媒体实验室(MIT Media Lab)的安德鲁眠荭德(Andrew Heyward)表示,如今政治人士的社交媒体战略和品牌很像,这就是为什么共和党人唐纳德礠朗普(Donald Trump)成为遥遥领先的最成功的总统候选人。Mr Trump has made so many waves on social media they have flooded into traditional media and given him so much coverage that he is only just buying his first traditional, mainstream media advertisements.特朗普多次在社交媒体上掀起风浪,这些风浪涌入传统媒体,让他获得了铺天盖地的免费报道,以至于特朗普刚刚开始购买传统主流媒体广告。Mr Heyward is using a new analytics tool to track the “horse race of ideas” in the US presidential election campaign.海沃德使用了一种新的分析工具来追踪美国总统选战中的“思想赛马”。Discussion of many topics on social media — from national security to immigration — reflects what is being said in the mainstream media, and vice versa, the study has shown.这项研究表明,社交媒体上对许多话题的讨论——从国家安全到移民——反映出主流媒体正在进行的讨论,反之亦然。Because of this, Mr Heyward is more optimistic that social networks can actually become the “virtual town hall meeting” that Twitter, at least, has aspired to be.有鉴于此,海沃德对社交媒体能够变成“虚拟市政厅会议”抱着一种更加乐观的看法,至少Twitter有这样的志向。“It is a brave new world,” he says. “But actually, ironically, even though it takes advantage of a modern and sophisticated technology, it is a throwback to what the Founding Fathers had in mind — a lively conversation.”“这是一个美好新世界,”他说,“但具有讽刺意义的是,即使它利用精湛的现代技术,它其实是对开国先贤们愿景的回归——一场活跃的对话。” /201602/424100重庆医科大学附属第二医院有哪些专家

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