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泉州新阳光女子医院预约中华助手

2019年07月24日 15:25:46|来源:国际在线|编辑:快乐知识
以下的例子明,即便我们语法再标准、英语考试分数再高,当真正面对一个老外时,我们可能依旧面临着许多交际方面的问题。1、You#39;ve put on weight.你貌似胖了。以“纸片人”为美的今天,说别人变胖绝对属于找虐的节奏,除非是和你无话不谈、不损两句就不算关系铁的好闺蜜。又或者,你是出于对小辈的关心和好意提醒,但也要切记用疑问句“Have you just put on weight?”。当然如果你是想说TA身材变健壮,可以直接以“最近是不是去了健身房”来代替。另外,千万千万别说“You#39;re getting fat”,这是难以置信的侮辱。2、Oh you#39;re pregnant!你怀了!可能跟国内情况相反,外国两类人最讨厌被让座,即老人和胖子。他们会因为感觉被当成弱者对待而很气愤,更别提聊天的时候提到!“怀”这个话题除非是很明显,否则不要刻意提出来。就算有千万个问号在心中咆哮,也不要脱口而出这一句!如果错误已经造成,就等着友尽吧。3、Is this your daughter?这是你闺女吗?嗯。。。万一她是他的女朋友怎么办?万一他们是兄、怎么办?这也涉及到交际中的一大禁忌:避免揣测关系,只能等人家来介绍或是自我介绍一下自己。当然,很多时候当我们用母语交流,这些问题可能根本不会触犯,而当我们用英语交流时,往往因为词穷或这是你最先能想到的话题而脱口而出。4、Your sister is so much prettier than you.你比你漂亮好多哦。又一个讨打的说法。在一些文化里似乎认为是一个无伤大雅的话,甚至会被认为是恭维,但更多时候会伤害到听者的感受。最好的是,避免比较性词语,只要提到他们的很漂亮就好啦。5、That color doesn#39;t suit you.你不适合那个颜色。 请记住,不管对方打扮得让你多么毁三观,一定要先夸TA。出于好意地提出自己意见可以用稍婉转的方式:“I love your dress, butdon#39;t you think this color...”一上来就做负面的或许会破坏了那个人一天的好心情,尤其是他们已经在装扮上花费很多时间。试着给人美好的一天,而不要在你喜欢的饰或饰品上对方!6、How much money do you make?你挣多少钱?讨论薪资永远是个敏感话题,在哪里都是如此。这虽然不是故意羞辱人,而是太直接会使人处在很尴尬的处境,别人会觉得你粗鲁无礼而对你敬而远之。7、You look sick.看你脸色好像生病了。这句话绝对是很羞辱人的,杀伤力不比上面那句“Thatcolor doesn#39;t suit you”更弱。万一人家是晒了日光浴呢?如果某人真的脸色看起来不是很好,你可以说:“Are you feeling ok?”。8、How old are you?你多大?年龄在很多情况下是一个非常敏感的话题,而且有相当多的人不愿意透露他们的年龄。那就离开这个问题,除非你是与一个六岁的小孩子聊天。她们总会兴高采烈的说出他们的年龄! /201602/428023Decline of Sui Dynasty隋朝的衰亡The Sui Dynasty’s early demise was attributed to the government’s tyranny and ceaseless wars.隋朝的迅速覆灭是由政府的暴虐和不断的战争所导致的。Emperor Wen died unexpectedly in 604 and his second son Yang Guang, historically known as Emperor Yang, succeeded to the throne.隋文帝于604年意外身亡,他的二儿子,也就是历史上的“隋炀帝”,继承了帝位。In the early part of his reign Emperor Yang benefited from the reforms introduced by his father and the Sui Dynasty achieved full economic prosperity.在隋炀帝执政初期,得益于他父亲的改革,隋朝获得了经济上的全面繁荣。However, lulled by his easy success, Emperor Yang soon began to abuse his power.然而,因为满足于自己的成功,隋炀帝很快开始滥用他的权力。On the one hand, he continued to carry out lavish construction projects, such as the Great Wall, the Great Canal and the relocation of his capital in Luoyang.一方面,他继续建造奢华的建筑如长城、大运河以及都城洛阳的重新布置;On the other, he repeatedly went on pleasure trips and all too frequently launched wars on his neighbors.另一方面,他不断进行外出巡游并经常对邻国发动战争。Some of Emperor Yang’s policy did contribute a lot to the social development and the stability of the country;隋炀帝的一些政策确实为社会的发展与国家的稳定做出了贡献;however, they made the ordinary people “all out at the elbows”.但是,这些政策让普通百姓穷困潦倒。Emperor Yang’s extravagance and putridness finally led to the exhaustion of the country’s resources.隋炀帝的奢侈与堕落最终耗尽了国家的资源。Beginning in 613, rebellions broke out one by one.自613年开始,叛乱一场接一场爆发。In 616, forced by the chaotic situation, Emperor Yang, retreated to Jiangdu (present Yangzhou City in Jiangsu Province).616年,迫于混乱的局势,隋炀帝撤回江都(今江苏省扬州)。With the emperor absent, Li Yuan, a general stationed in Taiyuan, conquered Chang’an and put a new emperor on the throne.由于皇帝不在位,镇守太原的将军李渊,控制了长安,拥立新帝登基。In 618, Emperor Yang was murdered in Jiangdu by one of his aides.618年,隋炀帝在江都被他的臣子杀害。Quickly, Li Yuan deposed the new emperor and established his own dynasty in Chang’an— the Tang Dynasty, declaring himself Emperor.很快,李渊废黜了新帝并在长安建立了自己的政权——唐朝并自立为帝。 /201511/398434Jin Dynasty晋朝General概况At the end of the Three Kingdoms Period, Sima family became prominent in the Wei.三国时代末期,司马家族的地位在魏国变得卓著。In 265 AD, Sima Yan (司马炎)usurped the power and founded a new dynasty Jin.公元265年,司马炎夺权并建立了一个新朝代——晋朝。They also conquered the Wu, thus ending the period of The Three Kingdoms.司马家还征了吴国,从此结束了三国的局面。Jin was historically divided into two periods:the Western Jin (西晋)with Luoyang (洛阳)as its capital city and Eastern Jin (东晋)as Jiankang (建康)(present Nanjing) became the capital city.晋朝在历史上被分为两段时期:以洛阳为都城的西晋和以建康(今天的南京)为都城的东晋。Jin Dynasty was the only period which unified the country during the period between the Wei,the Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties (220—589), though this kind of achievement was not lasting.晋朝是在魏晋南北朝时期(220——589)唯一统一了国家的朝代,尽管这一成就没有持续多久。Although Jin Dynasty was short and full of conflicts,the mix between nationalities was accelerated through the long-term contacts and mutual influences.虽然晋朝短暂而充满冲突,在长期的接触与互相影像中,民族融合加快了进程。 /201510/398397

Moody people are often baffling to those of us with steadier emotions.喜怒无常的人常常令情绪稳定的人感到困惑。But scientists argue that changing moods – as seen in sulking teenagers, grumpy spouses, or bad-tempered parents - serve an important purpose.但科学家认为情绪多变——多见于阴郁的青少年,爱发牢骚的配偶,或者暴脾气的父母——其实有它的重要目的。Rather than being a weakness, they are nature#39;s way to of helping us adapt to an ever changing world. So when times are good and spirits are high, we take more risks at a time they are likely to be rewarded.这不是缺点,而是帮助我们适应瞬息万变的世界的自然方式。And when times are tough, sulking can help us conserve our energy.当万事顺意、志得意满时,我们更倾向于去冒风险,因为我们觉得自己很可能会得到回报。当时局艰难时,阴郁的情绪可以帮我们保存能量。To take a human example, a stock market trader who makes a successful deal becomes more optimistic about the outcome of his next transaction.举人类为例,股市交易者大赚一笔时,他对下一笔交易将会信心满满。He is then likely to take more risks – as he becomes more optimistic things will go in his or her favour.他会倾向于冒更多险,因为他乐观地期待事情会顺遂心意。The increase in risk taking allows him to make maximum gains at a time when risk taking is most likely to pay off.在风险投资回报率高时,冒更大风险让他可以获得最大化的利益。This holds true when a variety of different events have an underlying connection, the authors argue.作者论说,当多个不同事件之间存在潜在联系时,这个结果是成立的。To take an example from the natural world, the authors suggest an animal#39;s mood improves on finding a number of fruits in a tree.作者又举了一个自然界的例子,他指出动物在一株树上发现许多果实时情绪会改善。Rather than assessing each tree individually, this good mood helps the animal to look at the big picture – and optimistically make it think fruits are in abundance.情绪大好的动物不会挨个打量每株树,而是会乐观地认为这一片树的果实都很丰硕。This encourages the animal to climb up the neighbouring branch – where good conditions make it more likely that there will be a tasty fruit available.这会鼓励它爬上旁边那棵树,由于这片树生长环境良好,所以那颗树的枝头上很可能挂着一个好吃的果子。It may be increased rainfall or sunshine has caused fruit to become more abundant, the authors suggest.作者指出,也许是降雨和日照增多让果实更丰饶。#39;In this situation, it makes little sense to update expectations for each tree independently,#39; the authors write, and makes the animal expect #39;a general increase in reward and update expectations for all related trees accordingly.#39;作者写道:“在这种情况下,动物不会对每棵树都抱有不同的期望,而是会整体地期待‘周边的树都能有更多回报’。”Eran Eldar, of University College London said: #39;This effect of mood should be useful whenever different sources of reward are interconnected or possess an underlying momentum.英国伦敦大学学院伊然·艾尔达说:“当不同回报的来源相互间都有联系或拥有潜在动力,这种情绪效应将会很有用。#39;That may often be the case in the natural as well as in the modern world, as successes in acquiring skills, material resources, social status, and even mating partners may all affect one another.#39;“不仅在自然界,在现代社会,获取技能的成功与获得物质资源、社会地位,甚至和找对象都是环环相扣的。”When rewards are starting to thin out – for example if winter is coming – then a negative mood will result in an individual event, such as finding a fruit, being #39;downgraded#39;– allowing behaviour and expectations to be quickly adjusted downwards.当回报减少——比如冬天来临——消极的情绪就会致使动物对找到果实的期望降低,从而调整自己的行为。The authors suggest that this could lead to behaviours such as an animal deciding to save energy and hibernate instead of rushing around.作者说,这会导致动物决定节省体力或冬眠,而不是到处乱跑。 /201511/408130

阅读提示:对照英文在下。15.Uber创始人兼CEO特拉维斯·卡兰尼克(Travis Kalanick)全球即时用车软件Uber由Travis Kalanick创立,目前市值突破500亿美元,Travis Kalanick也是个不折不扣的亿万富翁,个人资产超过32亿美元。Worth a whopping billion, ride-hailing service Uber is currently themost valuable private company in tech. And at its helm sits CEO Travis Kalanick, the often embattled billionaire who is worthmore than .2 billion. /201512/413277

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