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安徽芜湖治疗阳痿多少钱健步在线芜湖市镜湖区人民医院泌尿外科

2019年10月14日 17:42:46来源:快问指南

  • China#39;s private health insurance market will grow fivefold to RMB1.1 trillion by 2020, fueled by fast-growing demand from the emerging middle class, a report showed.一份报告显示,在新兴中产阶级迅速增长的需求的推动下,到2020年,中国商业医疗保险市场规模将增长五倍至1.1万亿元。As wealthy Chinese look for alternatives to the public insurance system, private health insurance has been growing at a compound annual growth rate of 36% since 2010 and hit RMB241b as of 2015, according to the report, which was jointly compiled by the Boston Consulting Group and Munich Re.波士顿咨询公司和慕尼黑再保险联合编纂的报告显示,由于富裕国人寻求公共医保系统的替代方案,2010年以来,商业医保以36%的复合年增长率持续增长,截至2015年,其规模已达2410亿元。The fastest growth in the private health insurance sector is expected to be in reimbursement policies, which are more expensive but more flexible than the critical-illness insurance that many Chinese buy today.报销型医保预计将成为商业医保增长最快的品类。与许多国人目前购买的重大疾病保险相比,此类保险产品的保费较高,但灵活性也更强。;Private reimbursement insurance makes tremendous sense in China. There isn#39;t yet a mass market for it because of the cost. But there is a lot of interest and we expect to see many new products in the next few years,; explains Ying Luo, a partner in G#39;s Beijing office and a coauthor of the report.波士顿咨询公司北京办公室的合伙人、该报告的作者之一的罗英解释称:“报销型商业医保在中国是非常有意义的。因为成本问题,目前还没有一个大规模的市场。但是这其中有很大的利益,我们预计在未来几年内会看到许多新产品。”The study revealed that the most likely purchaser of reimbursement insurance today is aged 35 to 55, married with children, with a minimum annual household income of RMB200,000.该研究显示,目前最有可能购买报销型医保的客户群为35至55岁、已婚已育且家庭年收入20万元以上的消费者。This group is expected to grow to over 40 million Chinese by 2020. The wealthiest consumers in this group would be willing to pay between RMB 30,000 and 60,000 for a reimbursement policy covering a family of three.到2020年,中国各地的此类人群预计将突破4000万人;他们中最富裕的人群每年愿意付30000至60000元为一家三口购买报销型商业医保。;Today, private reimbursement policies are generally sold through group insurance. Purchases by individuals are still rare, and pure reimbursement players in China simply haven#39;t been able to make money due to the small size of the market. This is set to change,; says John Wong, head of G#39;s Greater China practice.G大中华区主席黄培杰表示:“目前,报销型商业医保大多以团体保险的形式销售,个人购买者为数甚少。由于市场规模不足,中国各地的专业报销型保险商往往难以从中获利;但局面很快将转变。” /201609/464315。
  • The global public health emergency involving deformed babies emerged in 2015, the hottest year in the historical record, with an outbreak in Brazil of a disease transmitted by heat-loving mosquitoes. Can that be a coincidence?2015年,全球出现了涉及婴儿畸形的公共卫生紧急情况。这一年也是有历史记录以来最热的一年。这种由喜热的蚊子所传播的疾病在巴西爆发,是否可能只是巧合?Scientists say it will take them years to figure that out, and pointed to other factors that may have played a larger role in starting the crisis. But these same experts added that the Zika epidemic, as well as the related sp of a disease called dengue that is sickening as many as 100 million people a year and killing thousands, should be interpreted as warnings.科学家称,要确定是否属于巧合需要进行多年的研究。他们指出这次危机可能另有原因。但是,这些专家还补充说,兹卡的疫情以及与之相关的登革热的传播应该被视为一种警告。后者一年最多能感染1亿人,并造成数以千计的人们死亡。Over the coming decades, global warming is likely to increase the range and speed the life cycle of the particular mosquitoes carrying these viruses, encouraging their sp deeper into temperate countries like the ed States.在未来几十年,全球变暖可能造成那些携带这些病毒的特殊种类的蚊子的活动范围扩大和生命周期加快,进而促使这些疫病向美国等温带国家扩展。Recent research suggests that under a worst-case scenario, involving continued high global emissions coupled with fast population growth, the number of people exposed to the principal mosquito could more than double, to as many as 8 billion or 9 billion by late this century from roughly 4 billion today.近期的研究表明,最糟糕的一种情况是,随着全球温室气体的大量排放和人口的高速增长,有可能接触这种蚊子的人口将翻番,目前是40亿左右,到本世纪末将多达80亿或90亿。“As we get continued warming, it’s going to become more difficult to control mosquitoes,” said Andrew Monaghan, who is studying the interaction of climate and health at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. “The warmer it is, the faster they can develop from egg to adult, and the faster they can incubate viruses.”“随着全球变暖,控制蚊子将越来越困难。”安德鲁·莫纳甘(Andrew Monaghan)说。安德鲁在科罗拉多州尔德的美国国家大气研究中心(National Center for Atmospheric Research)研究气候与健康的互动关系。“天气越热,蚊子从孵化到成年的速度就越快,病毒繁殖的速度也就越快。”Aly, climate change is suspected — though not proven — to have been a factor in a string of disease outbreaks afflicting both people and animals. These include the sp of malaria into the highlands of eastern Africa, the rising incidence of Lyme disease in North America, and the sp of a serious livestock ailment called bluetongue into parts of Europe that were once too cold for it to thrive.人们怀疑,气候变化是人畜感染一系列疾病的一个原因,尽管这一点尚未得到实。这些疾病包括东非高原地区的疟疾,北美莱姆病的发病率升高,欧洲部分地区的牲畜出现的严重的蓝舌病疫情,那些地区之前因为太冷,很少出现这些疾病。In interviews, experts noted that no epidemic was ever the result of a single variable.在访谈中,专家指出没有任何一种传染病是仅由一个变量引起的。Instead, epidemics always involve interactions among genes, ecology, climate and human behavior, presenting profound difficulties for scientists trying to tease apart the contributing factors. “The complexity is enormous,” said Walter J. Tabachnick, a professor with the Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, a unit of the University of Florida in Vero Beach.相反,传染病常常涉及基因、生态、气候、人类行为等多种因素的互动,所以科学家很难把单个因素分离出来。“原因极为复杂。”佛罗里达大学(University of Florida)位于维罗比奇(Vero Beach)的佛罗里达医学昆虫学实验室的教授瓦尔特·塔巴奇尼克(Walter J. Tabachnick)说。The epidemics of Zika and dengue are cases in point. The viruses are being transmitted largely by the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. That creature adapted long ago to live in human settlements, and developed a concomitant taste for human blood.兹卡和登革热就是典型的例子。这些病毒主要是由感染黄热病的伊蚊传播。这种生物早已适应了在人类聚居地生存,并因此喜好人类的血液。Cities in the tropics, the climate zone most favorable to the mosquito, have undergone explosive growth: Humanity passed a milestone a few years ago when more than half the population had moved to urban areas. But spending on health care and on basic public health infrastructure, like water pipes and sewers, has not kept pace. Mosquito control has also faltered in recent decades.热带是最适合蚊子生存的气候带,而那里的城市正在经历迅猛的增长:几年前人类就跨过了一个里程碑:一半以上的人口已迁居到城市地区。但是公共医疗和公共卫生基础设施的投入,比如水管和下水设施,仍是滞后的。近几十年对蚊子的控制也出现了放松。The mosquito lays its eggs in containers of water, of a sort that are especially common in the huge slums of Latin American cities. With unreliable access to piped water, people there store water in rooftop cisterns, buckets and the like. Old tires and other debris can also become mosquito habitat.蚊子在盛水的容器中产卵,这种容器在拉丁美洲城市的大型贫民窟中尤其常见。由于没有可靠的管道用水,那里的人们会把水存放在屋顶的水箱、水桶和类似的容器中。旧轮胎和其他垃圾也可能成为蚊子的栖息地。Water storage near homes is commonplace in areas where Zika has sp rapidly, like the cities of Recife and Salvador in northeastern Brazil, and where dengue experienced a surge in 2015, like S漀 Paulo, Brazil’s largest state.在兹卡病毒迅速传播的区域,比如巴西东北部城市累西腓和萨尔瓦多,以及2015年出现登革热病例激增的巴西最大州圣保罗,都有在民宅附近存水的习惯。Altogether, dengue killed at least 839 people in Brazil in 2015, a 40 percent increase from the previous year. Worldwide, dengue is killing more than 20,000 people a year.2015年,巴西共有至少839人死于登革热,比上一年增加40%。而全世界一年有超过2万人死于登革热。 多名专家在访谈中称,疾病爆发的一个主要原因很可能是城市化、人口增长和跨国旅行造成受风险人口增加。他们认为气候变化只是压垮骆驼的最后一根稻草。Several experts said in interviews that a main reason for the disease outbreaks was most likely the expansion of the number of people at risk, through urbanization, population growth and international travel. They see the changing climate as just another stress on top of a situation that was aly rife with peril.多名专家在采访中说,疾病爆发的一个主要原因很可能是随着城市化、人口增长和跨国旅行,面临风险的人群扩大了。他们认为在已经有重重危险的局面中,气候变化只是其中的一重压力。While they do not understand to what degree rising temperatures and other weather shifts may have contributed to the outbreaks, they do understand some of the potential mechanisms.虽然他们并不知道气温升高和其他气候变化因素,对疫情爆发的作用有多大,但是他们明白其中一些潜在的机制。The mosquitoes mostly live on flower nectar, but the female of the species needs a meal of human blood to have enough protein to lay her eggs. If she bites a person infected with dengue, Zika or any of several other diseases, she picks up the virus.蚊子大多以花蜜为生,但是雌性蚊子为了产卵,需要吸人血来提供充足的蛋白质。如果它叮了已感染登革热、兹卡或其他几种病的人,它就携带了该种病毒。The virus has to reproduce in the mosquito for a certain period before it can be transmitted to another person in a subsequent bite. The higher the air temperature, the shorter that incubation period. Moreover, up to a point, higher temperatures cause the mosquitoes to mature faster.病毒需要在蚊子的体内繁殖一段时间,才能在下一次叮咬时传播给他人。温度越高,病毒繁殖所需的时间就越短。而且在某个限度以内,温度越高,蚊子的成熟就越快。With rising temperatures, “You’re actually speeding up the whole reproductive cycle of the mosquitoes,” said Charles B. Beard, who heads a unit in Fort Collins, Colo., studying insect-borne diseases for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. “You get larger populations, with more generations of mosquitoes, in a warmer, wetter climate. You have this kind of amplification of the risk.”温度上升“实际上会加速蚊子的整个繁殖周期,”查尔斯·B·彼尔德(Charles B. Beard)说,“人口增加了,在更潮湿、更炎热的气候里,存活的蚊子世代也增多了,这就放大了风险。”彼尔德领导着一个位于科罗拉多州科林斯堡的团队,为亚特兰大的疾病控制与预防中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta)进行昆虫传播疾病研究。In principle, the risk from continued global warming applies not just to temperate countries, but to cities at high altitude in tropical countries. Researchers are keeping a close eye on Mexico City, for instance.理论上,全球持续变暖所带来的风险,不仅涉及温带国家,还涉及热带国家的高海拔城市。比如,研究人员正在密切关注墨西哥城。With 21 million people in the city and its suburbs, Mexico City is the largest metropolis of the Western Hemisphere. While the lowlands of Mexico are plagued by yellow fever mosquitoes and the viruses they transmit, the country’s capital sits on a mountain plain that has — up to now — been too cold for the mosquitoes.墨西哥城的城区和郊区一共有2100万人,它是西半球最大的都市。虽然在墨西哥的低地,感染黄热病和其他病毒的蚊子到处肆虐,但是墨西哥的首都位于较寒冷的山顶平原,至少目前蚊子还无法在那里生存。But temperatures are rising, and the mosquitoes have recently been detected in low numbers near Mexico City.但是随着气温的升高,墨西哥城附近最近发现了少量的蚊子。“The mosquito is just down the hill, literally,” Dr. Monaghan said. “I think all the potential is there to have virus transmission if climatic conditions become a bit more suitable.”“蚊子已经来到山脚下了,”莫纳甘士说。“我觉得只要气候条件再合适一点,病毒就有可能开始传播。” /201602/427713。
  • More than 1m Chinese will go on a cruise holiday this year — nearly five times as many as in 2012 — a statistic that has whipped the global industry into a record expansion of ship orders and a collective decision to sail the world’s largest and most luxurious mega-vessels eastward.今年,将有100万以上的中国人乘坐邮轮度假——较2012年增加近4倍——这一数字促使全球邮轮业创下了新增船舶订单记录,同时使得邮轮公司纷纷作出决定,将全球最大最豪华的巨型邮轮驶向东方。But the optimism of the cruise companies may be outpacing the reality of the Chinese boom: travel agents have had to deeply discount in order to fill some new ships.但是,邮轮公司对中国邮轮旅游热的乐观预期或许超前于现实了:旅行社得打极低折扣才能保一些新邮轮的入住率。Ship brokers tracking the past two decades of market activity say that in recent months, global cruise ship investment has entered a new phase. But that observation comes with warnings from the past — explosive expansions of the cruise order book in 1999 and 2006 were followed by equally spectacular busts.追踪了该行业过去二十年市场活动的船舶经纪商称,最近几个月,全球邮轮投资进入了一个新阶段。但与此同时,过去的经验也向我们发出了警告——1999年和2006年邮轮订单爆炸性增长后,都曾出现惨烈的订单萎缩。The traditional market will continue to depend on the retirement spending of baby boomers in the west but the growth outlook will be shaped by an Asian middle class bursting to spend their money and comparatively short vacations at sea. The question this time is whether the establishment of new Chinese brands and the development of Asian ports will make for a less bust-prone pattern.传统市场将继续依赖于西方婴儿潮一代退休人士的出,但是该行业的增长前景将由渴望把钱和相对较短的假期花在海上的亚洲中产阶级决定。眼下的问题是,中国新品牌的创建和亚洲港口的开发是否将有助于创建一种不那么容易破灭的发展模式。After an unprecedented 50 per cent year-on-year surge of orders in 2015, the market is expected to add an additional 146,000 passenger berths by 2020.在2015年订单前所未有地同比大增50%之后,预计到2020年该市场将增加14.6万个铺位。North American and European passengers account for 85 per cent of the global cruise market of 22m passengers a year. But the signals of change are clear.北美和欧洲乘客占据着全球邮轮市场每年2200万乘客的85%。但是,如今已经出现了明显的改变信号。The Chinese government has thrown its weight behind the cruise industry and expects that 4.5m of its citizens will be taking a cruise each year by 2020. A more conservative prediction from Morgan Stanley, the investment bank, is for 3m annual passengers, or 10 per cent of the market.中国政府持邮轮业发展,它预计到2020年,每年将有450万中国人乘坐邮轮。投行根士丹利(Morgan Stanley)所做的较为保守的预测是,中国每年将有300万人乘坐邮轮,占全球邮轮市场的10%。In South Korea and Japan, which are a few days’ sea voyage from Shanghai and Tianjin, local ports are racing to expand their facilities to accommodate the new class of mega-ships, which could carry more than 6,000 passengers.在韩国和日本(从上海和天津出发,走海路只需几天就能到达),各地方港口正竞相扩建基础设施,以容纳可搭载逾6000名乘客的新型巨轮。The major cruise companies, led by Carnival and Royal Caribbean, which together account for 80 per cent of the Chinese market, have begun sending new vessels to be permanently based in the east and fitted out with more shopping, more casinos and enclosed sun decks to tailor to local needs.以嘉年华公司(Carnival)和皇家加勒比邮轮集团(Royal Caribbean)——两家公司总共占据了中国市场80%的份额——为首的主要邮轮公司,已经开始派遣新邮轮常驻东方,同时配备了更多的购物场所、以及封闭式日光浴场以满足当地需求。Last week, Carnival doubled the number of its cruise brands in China to four, with two new ships arriving by 2017. Arnold Donald, chief executive, says the company wanted to offer “choice and variety” to match “the different tastes and preferences of Chinese travellers”.日前,嘉年华公司将其在中国的邮轮品牌增加一倍至4个,到2017年还将有2艘新邮轮抵达中国。其首席执行官阿诺德唐纳德(Arnold Donald)称,该公司希望提供“多种多样的选择”,以满足“中国旅客不同的品味和偏好”。He adds that Carnival may also launch a joint venture with the China State Shipbuilding Corporation and China Merchants Group to build a domestic Chinese cruise brand.他补充称,嘉年华可能还将与中国船舶工业集团公司(China State Shipbuilding Corporation)和中国招商局集团(China Merchants Group)共同创办一家合资企业,来打造中国本土邮轮品牌。Royal Caribbean has sent its most advanced ships to China, complete with high-speed internet, smart bracelets for payments, a 300ft high viewing pod, robot bartenders, a rock climbing wall, bumper cars and a skydiving wind tunnel, in order to appeal to every generation of Chinese families.皇家加勒比已经将其最先进的邮轮派往中国,船上配有高速网络、智能付手环、300英尺高的摇臂观景舱、机器人调酒师、攀岩墙、碰碰车以及可玩甲板跳伞的垂直风洞,以吸引中国家庭中各代人的兴趣。The clearest evidence of the shift, say researchers at the UK-based brokerage Clarksons, has been orders for cruise ships hitting an all-time high. The worldwide order-book as of September 1 stands at 41 ships, with a combined value of about bn. Once financing and technical issues are settled on orders placed by Celebrity, Virgin, MSC and Crystal — probably within the next few months — the total will jump to 51.总部位于英国的船舶经纪商Clarksons的研究员称,这一转变最明显的据是邮轮订单创下历史新高。截至9月1日,全球邮轮订单量为41艘,总价值约为260亿美元。一旦精致邮轮(Celebrity)、维珍邮轮(Virgin)、地中海邮轮(MSC)、水晶邮轮(Crystal)所下订单的融资和技术问题得以解决——很可能在未来数月内解决——全球邮轮订单总数将增至51艘。In the southern Japanese town of Fukuoka — a destination that has proven popular as a destination for Chinese shoppers — the port operator is lobbying the central Japanese government to allow it to extend the jetties by an additional 330 metres to accommodate the new Oasis class of cruise ship. Of the 1m Chinese forecast to take a cruise some time in 2015, about a quarter called at Fukuoka. A year ago, the port received 99 cruise ships; this year it will receive 251.在日本南部的福冈——受到中国购物者喜爱的目的地——港口运营商正游说日本中央政府允许其将码头额外扩宽330米,以容纳新型绿洲级邮轮。预计2015年将有100万中国游客搭乘邮轮,其中约有四分之一的人停靠福冈。一年前,该港口接待了99艘邮轮;而今年将接待251艘。Gianni Onorato, chief executive of Switzerland-based MSC Cruises, warned that the pace of investment might not be rapid enough.总部位于瑞士的地中海邮轮的首席执行官詹尼攠诺拉托(Gianni Onorato)警告称,投资速度或许还不够快。“For sure there will be these millions of Chinese taking a cruise. The main challenge is about not so much the development of ports and destinations inside China, but outside of China,” he says. “Because of the geography it depends on Japan and Korea and so far no one is seeing the same speed of development.”“肯定将会有数百万中国游客搭乘邮轮。主要的挑战不在于中国国内港口和旅游目的地的开发,而在于中国以外的,”他称,“由于地理位置的关系,这将取决于日本和韩国在这方面的开发,而到目前为止这两个国家还没有出现同样的开发速度。”Relying on China is also a potentially risky strategy. Several ships had to cancel their cruises to South Korea, one of a handful of key destinations, after an outbreak of the Mers virus this year. And the anti-Japan riots of 2012 caused havoc with itineraries. Royal Caribbean did not visit any Japanese ports during spring and summer 2013.依靠中国市场也是一个存在潜在风险的策略。今年在MERS疫情爆发后,一些邮轮不得不取消其前往韩国(为数不多的主要目的地之一)的行程。而2012年的反日风波严重影响了部分邮轮的行程。2013年春夏两季,皇家加勒比的邮轮没有停靠过任何一个日本港口。Another big challenge, however, will be adapting their offering to the Chinese tastes. Mr Onorato, for example, pointed out that food is a key part of Chinese culture but consumers take a different approach to their western counterparts. “There is no clear separation of breakfast, lunch and dinner,” he says, adding that the company is partnering with leading chefs to modify its food service.然而,另一个重大挑战将是如何提供符合中国人喜好的务。例如,奥诺拉托指出,吃是中国文化的关键组成部分,但是中国消费者的餐饮习惯又与西方人不同。“中国的早餐、午餐和完成没有明显的区分,”他表示,并补充称地中海邮轮正在与中国顶尖的厨师合作调整其餐饮务。Mr Onorato adds that MSC is creating a new position of “cruise ambassador”, a person who would act as a “tutor of small groups of customers” and accompany them throughout a trip. The company is “working now with two main partners for sourcing of crew and training”.奥诺拉托补充道,地中海邮轮正在打造“游轮使者”的全新职位——使者们将“指导和照顾一组组顾客”,全程陪伴他们。该公司如今有“两个主要合作伙伴,帮助它招聘人员和开展培训”。 /201510/404920。
  • Bangkok#39;s back!曼谷王者归来!The Thai capital has bounced to the top of an annual list of the world#39;s most popular travel destinations after spending several years in the wilderness (of second place).在最新发布的年度最受欢迎旅游目的地榜单上,泰国首都曼谷重回首位。此前数年曼谷一直徘徊在榜单第二名。Its return to the throne came at a cost to London which, after occupying pole position for two years, is trading places with its Asian rival.曼谷重回首位,而付出代价的是伦敦。伦敦在连续两年占据榜首后,与其亚洲对手城市交换了位置。Bangkok is projected to host 21.47 million ;international overnight visitors; this year, according to the 2016 report by financial services corporation MasterCard.万事达金融务公司公布的2016年度报告显示,据预测,曼谷今年将接待2147万国际游客。That figure is more than two times the city#39;s population of about 10 million.这一数字是曼谷市人口(1000万)的两倍多。Bangkok#39;s 2014-15 fall from the top was largely put down to political instability in recent years.曼谷在2014-15年排行下降主要是由于近年来的政治不稳定。But there#39;s no escaping Bangkok#39;s allure: a vibrant urban and culinary scene and proximity to some of the world#39;s most beautiful beaches and islands.但曼谷的吸引力也显而易见:充满生机、食物美味、毗邻一些世界上最美的海滩和岛屿。London, meanwhile, is expected to welcome 18.88 million visitors this year.而伦敦预计今年将接待1888名游客。Paris is in third place with 18.03 million forecast visitors.巴黎排行第三,预计接待游客1803万人。MasterCard says its index reflects the interconnectedness of major global cities and tracks the ways in which business and leisure jet-setters spend their money.万事达公司表示,其数据反映出世界主要大城市的互联性,并追踪了商务和休闲飞机乘客的消费方式。Ranked fourth with 15.27 million visitors, Dubai ;made a quantum leap to become the global top-ranked; in visitor spending, the report says.报告称,迪拜排名第四,预计接待游客1527万人,“突飞猛进,成为全球旅游消费最高的城市”。Based on a new estimate provided by the government of Dubai, its visitor spending of .3 billion this year far exceeds London#39;s estimated .8 billion, which comes second.根据迪拜政府的最新预测,在迪拜旅游的游客今年将消费313亿美元,远远超过伦敦游客消费的198亿美元。伦敦在游客消费榜单中排名第二。According to the index, tourists are ;spending overwhelmingly; to shop -- and not to dine -- in the top 20 destinations outside of Europe, despite many of them being world-famous cuisine capitals.数据显示,在欧洲外的最受游客欢迎20大目的地中,游客的消费主要用于购物,而非就餐。尽管其中很多是世界著名的美食之都。 /201609/468729。
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