时间:2019年11月14日 20:45:12

Dentist Allegedly Exposed Patients to HIV, HepatitisPatients of Tulsa, Okla., dentist may have been endangered by unclean instruments.Health officials are saying that a tosser dentist may have exposed thousands of patients to life-threating diseases ranging from HIV to Hepatitis. A#39;s chief health and medical editor Dr. Rechard Besser is here with this disturbing story this morning.It is disturbing. You know, I have spent my career in public health and it#39;s not hard to prevent infections in dental offices. But what they found here was absolutely shocking.Dr. W. Scott Harrington has been a trusted oral surgeon for 36 years. But now authorities believe he may have exposed thousands of patients to potentially deadly infections by allegedly using rusty instruments which weren#39;t cleaned properly. Letters has been sent to 7,000 Oklahoma patients recommending they immediately be tested for Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C and HIV after one of his patients with no known risk factors tested positive for Hepatitis C. In addtion to allegations that he cleaned his instruments by improperly bleaching them which caused them to become porous over time he#39;s also accused or reusing needles and vials.The instruments that came out of the autoclave(高压锅;高压灭菌器) were horrible. I wouldn#39;t let my nephews play with them out in dirt, I mean they were horrible, they have rust on them.He even reportedly had medications 20 years past the expiration date, and allowed unlicensed assistants to give IV (intravenous) medication. We#39;ve reached out to Dr. Harrington but he did not return calls.So 7,000 patients have got these letters to get tested for HIV, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis A. I mean, what is, what are the chances more patients are gonna test positive given those conditions.Well, yeah, I mean, there are a couple of distrubing factors here. You know, many patients in his practice have HIV and Hepatitis C.He was treating a high risk population.He was, he was. And he had instrumets set aside for those patients and other instruments for patients where he didn#39;t know there whether they were infected or not. That#39;s very dangerous. All instruments shoud be treated the same. You know, last summer there were, there were 8,000 patients from Colorado who were notified and thankfully there none of them were infected. Here there#39;s a much higher chance some people would get.But I would have thought soaking instruments in bleach would have killed anything - we keep hearing bleaches are the only thing that kills everything.Well, for a lot of things, bleaches are the way to go; but these instruments have to go into something called an autoclave which uses pressure and heat. If you use bleaches on them first it disturbs the outside of the instruments so the autoclave no longer works.And they become porous and things can get inside.They can seek bin and then the heat and the pressure don#39;t kill those germs.So what are we supposed to look for, Rechard, I mean, I got to a dentist office and usually I#39;v got so much stuff in my mouth I can#39;t see what#39;s going on.A couple clues to look for:The first thing, if you ever see rusty or old instruments, that#39;s a warning sign. The other is if your dentist isn#39;t wearing gloves or isn#39;t changing gloves between patients, find another dentist.So he should do that in front of me.Definitely. You should see that they are putting on fresh gloves, definitely.OK, I#39;ll pay attention to those instruments.That#39;s right.But thanks so much. Disturbing news. We#39;ll keep on top of that. /201304/237179

We were designing the Apple II. And we really had some, 当时我们正在设计Apple IIsome much higher ambitions for the Apple II.我们对它充满了期待Woz#39;s ambitions were he wanted to add color grahpics. Woz希望实现色图形界面My ambition was that, it was very clear to me that a bunch of hardware hobbists, 我希望…当时有一大群硬件爱好者,他们自己组装电脑they could assemble around the computers, or at least take our board, and add the transformers for the power apply, the case, the keyboard, and go get, and etc. You know, go get rest of the stuff.或者用我们的主板,自己安装电源、键盘等等For everyone of those, there were a thousand of people, they couldn#39;t do that but wanted to mess around with programming, software hobbists, 还有许多人是软件爱好者,他们只想写程序just like I had been, you know, when I was 10, discovering my computer. 就像我10岁刚刚接触计算机那样And so my dream for the Apple II was to sell the first real packaged computer, packaged personal computer. 所以我希望Apple II成为第一款功能齐备的个人电脑You didn#39;t have to be a hardware hobbist at all.就算你不懂硬件也能轻松使用And so combining both of those dreams, we actually designed a product. And I found the designer and we designed the packaging and everything. And we wanted to make it out of plastic and we had the whole thing y to go. But we needed some money for tooling the cases and things like that. We needed a few thousand of dollars. And this was way beyond me.这就是我们对Apple II的基本设想。我找到设计师,设计了所有细节。我们还打算使用塑料机身,什么都想好了。可我们资金不足,还缺几万美元。So I went looking for some venture capital. 于是我开始寻找风险投资And I ran across one venture capitalist name Don Valentine, who came over to the garage 我找到Don Valentine,他还来参观了我的车库and he later said I look like a renegade from the human race, that was his famous e. 他说我看起来像人类的叛逆者,这话成了他的名言And he said he wasn#39;t willing to invest us but he recommended a few people to mine. 虽然他不打算投资,但推荐了几个人给我One of those was Mike Markkula.其中就有Mike MarkkulaSo I called Mike on the phone and he came over. 我给Mike打电话,跟他见了面And Mike had retired for about 30 or 31 from the Intel, he was a product manager there and got a little bit stock. Mike以前是英特尔的产品经理,他大概30岁离开英特尔,手里有英特尔的股票And, you know, like made a million bucks on stock options, which at that time was quite a lot of money.他靠股票期权赚了一百多万,当时非常富有 /201306/243641

Apple#39;s ethos, defined by that Think Different slogan,苹果“非同凡想”的企业精神turned out to be a remarkably valuable business philosophy.是一种很有价值的经营理念It had helped the company reinvent computing and retailing,它帮助公司彻底改造了计算机行业和零售业and next it would take Apple to yet another revolutionary endeavour.并即将带领苹果走向另一个革命性的领域Steve Jobs was one of those people who recognised that, in the digital age, content would be key.史蒂夫·乔布斯注意到 在数字化时代 丰富的内容至关重要The iPod was designed to be a way to synchronise your musiciPod的设计理念from your computer to get it into your pocket.是要把你电脑里的音乐放进你的口袋It was after the success of the iPod that Apple said there#39;s a market for us to sell music,iPod取得成功后 苹果发现它可以在音乐市场也占有一席之地but that was not the original plan.但这不在原本的计划内While Jobs needed music for the iPod,当乔布斯需要为iPod创建音乐市场时the music industry had a problem of its own.唱片工业本身正面临着难题The rise of file-sharing websites like Napster was threatening the way the industry made money.Napster等文件共享网站的崛起 对这个行业产生了莫大的威胁So you went from a world in which you had to go buy stuff in a store在这个时代 人们已经不再需要花钱去店里买唱片了to a world in which you had this cloud of music网络上海量的共享资源that was, in effect, an unlimited source of free music,就是一个免费的无限量音乐库which was a very threatening idea to the music industry.这对唱片公司来说如同晴天霹雳Faced with this crisis, the record industry had tried to close Napster down面对这样的困境 唱片公司试图叫停Napsterand sue people who downloaded music for free.并指控那些免费下载音乐的用户They were alarmed by Apple#39;s iPod.但iPod却给他们带来了更大的危机感The record labels were very unhappy with that and felt that,唱片厂商开始感到恐慌only because Napster was hard to use, could the music survive,他们认为 由于Napster操作复杂 自己或许还能苟延残喘and here was Apple coming out with a digital music product但苹果推出的新数码产品简单易用that was easy to use and was going to make it much more popular.又成为了潮流所趋 是一个更大的威胁 /201308/253291

Today#39;s ;Shoutout; goes out to Mr. Lane#39;s science class at Mary Harris Intermediate in Fort Worth, Texas. 今天的“大声喊出来”来到了莱恩先生的课堂。What is the oldest college or university in the ed States? 美国最古老的大学是哪一所?Here we go. Is it William and Mary, Harvard, Rutgers or Princeton? You#39;ve got three seconds, go!开始!它是威廉玛丽学院、哈佛、罗格斯还是普林斯顿?你有三秒钟的时间,开始!Harvard University was founded in 1636, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the U.S. That#39;s your answer and that#39;s your ;Shoutout.;哈佛大学于1636年建校,他是美国最古老的高等学府。那就是你的,那就是你的“大喊”。Student loan debt is soaring. 学生贷款疯涨。The American Institute of CPAs recently took a survey of student loan borrowers, and found the money they owe has made some of them postpone buying cars or houses, in some cases even delay getting married. 美国注册会计师协会最近进行了一项关于学生贷款者的调查,调查发现他们所欠的钱使他们推迟购买汽车和房屋,更有甚者,推迟结婚。What#39;s more, 60 percent of them said they have some regret about taking out student loans. 另外,60%的人说他们对于借贷学生贷款有点儿后悔。So, what#39;s a student who#39;s planning on college to do?那么,打算上大学的学生们该怎么做呢?When education savings account is a good start, you#39;re never too young to put money aside. 鉴于教育储蓄是一个好的开始,越早储蓄钱备用越好。Even a small scholarship can help with tuition and shrink down a loan and there are often grants available. 一笔很小的奖学金都能对学费有帮助,并且能够减少贷款,并且还能获得荣誉。Federal, state and private, that can save you money if you qualify. 如果你能达到联邦大学、州立大学或者私立学校的资格,那会帮你省钱。Work study programs may enable you to pay as you go without rocking up so much debt. 工作训练能让你付得起钱,同时并不需要借很多债。There#39;s also this: not every well paying job requires a four-year college degree. 还有:不是所有高薪工作都要求四年大学学位。Dental hygienist may only have an associate#39;s degree, but can work their way up to a ,000 salary. 洁牙师只要求副学位,但能一直赚到68000美元的薪水。And with a formal apprenticeship, you can work in construction of mechanical trades earning 50,000 or more. 有正式的学徒期,你能在机械贸易建筑中工作,每月能挣50000多。So think about the higher education you need before committing to college. 在你选择大学之前好好想想你所需要的高等教育。And remember that while student loans are one way of paying, they are not always the only way.要记住的是,尽管学生贷款是付学费的一种方式,但并不是唯一的方式。 /201305/239738

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