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2019年07月19日 10:25:31来源:赶集分享

Most of the educational games that are out there today are really flashcards.今天的多数教育游戏是过时的,它们只是卡片游戏。Theyre glorified drill and practice.它们都是很耗人的和需要人们的耐心来玩。They dont have the depth, the rich narrative that really engaging games have,它们没有真正打时的那种耐玩性,丰富的游戏互动性,that the boys are really interested in.这些才会让男孩们真正感兴趣。So we need to design better games.所以我们要设计更好玩的游戏。We need to talk to teachers and parents and school board members and politicians.我们要和老师,家长,学校董事会成员和政治家对话。We need to make sure that people see that we need more men in the classroom.我们必须确保让人们看到,我们要在课堂上有更多的男性老师。We need to look carefully at our zero tolerance policies.我们要格外关注我们的零容忍政策。Do they make sense?它们是否合理?We need to think about how to uncompress this curriculum if we can,我们要思考我们该怎样解压这课程,trying to bring boys back into a space that is comfortable for them.我们尽量努力让男孩回到适合他们待的地方来。All of those conversations need to be happening.这所有的对话都要发生。There are some great examples out there of schools这里也有一些很好的学校--the New York Times just talked about a school recently.最近纽约时报就谈到一个学校。A game designer from the New School put together a wonderful gaming school.新学校的游戏设计者组合了一所非常棒的视频游戏学校。But it only treats a few kids, and so this isnt very scalable.但它只针对个别的孩子。这种学校非常稀缺。We have to change the culture所以我们得改变学校里的男孩文化and the feelings that politicians and school board members and parents和改变政治家,学校董事会成员和父母对待男孩文化的想法,它是有关今天在我们学校,have about the way we accept and what we accept in our schools today.我们已接受的这种男孩文化方式和我们要去接受的男孩文化。We need to find more money for game design.我们要给游戏设计投资更多的钱。Because good games, really good games, cost money,因为好游戏,非常好的游戏是要花钱的,and World of Warcraft has quite a budget.魔兽世界有相当多的预算。Most of the educational games do not.大多数教育游戏没有那么多预算。Where we started: my colleagues -- Mike Petner, Shawn Vashaw, myself --我们从哪里开始呢:我同事--迈克·派特纳,肖恩·瓦绍和我,we started by trying to look at the teachers attitudes我们开始了解老师对此的态度and find out how do they really feel about gaming, what do they say about it.并找出她们真正对游戏的想法,对此她们想说什么。And we discovered that they talk about the kids in their school,我们发现她们在学校谈到男孩打游戏,who talk about gaming, in pretty demeaning ways.他们是用一种非常贬损的口吻。They say, ;Oh, yeah. Theyre always talking about that stuff.她们说,“哦,是的。他们常常谈论视频游戏。Theyre talking about their little action figures他们谈论着他们的小英雄人物and their little achievements or merit badges, or whatever it is that they get.和他们的网上小成绩或者获得的徽章,或者任何他们赢得的奖励。And theyre always talking about this stuff.;他们常常谈论这些东西。”And they say these things as if its okay.她们说这些话好像是没关系似的。But if it were your culture, think of how that might feel.但如果这是你的文化呢,想想你会感觉如何?Its very uncomfortable to be on the receiving end of that kind of language.老师的那种语言对于男孩这些接收者们来说,听上去是非常不舒的。Theyre nervous about anything that has anything to do with violence老师们对任何涉及暴力的东西都感到焦虑,because of the zero tolerance policies.这是因为零容忍的政策。They are sure that parents and administrators will never accept anything.男孩知道他们的父母和校官绝不会接受这一切。So we really need to think about looking at teacher attitudes所以我们的确要思考审视老师的态度and finding ways to change the attitudes找到改变这态度的方法so that teachers are much more open and accepting of boy cultures in their classrooms.好让老师更加宽容,以开放的态度来接受在课堂上的这种男孩文化。Because, ultimately, if we dont,因为,最终,我们要是不改变,then were going to have boys who leave elementary school saying,就会有离开小学的男孩子说,;Well I guess that was just a place for girls. It wasnt for me.“好吧,我猜学校只是适合女生待;并不适合我。So Ive got to do gaming, or Ive got to do sports.;所以我要去打游戏,或者玩体育。”If we change these things, if we pay attention to these things,如果我们改变这些事,如果我们关注这些事,and we re-engage boys in their learning,我们重新唤起男孩学习的热情,they will leave the elementary schools saying, ;Im smart.;他们在离开小学时,说,“我变聪明了。”Thank you.谢谢。201601/422110。

  • So the native kids outdid the Microsoft kids.印第安孩子战胜了微软孩子。This happened because the meaning of effort and difficulty were transformed.这得以实现的原因,是努力与困难的意义在孩子心目中发生了改变。Before, effort and difficulty made them feel dumb, made them feel like giving up,but now, effort and difficulty,thats when their neurons are making new connections,stronger connections. 在此之前,努力与困难让他们感觉自己很笨, 让他们想放弃,但如今,正是努力与困难让他们大脑中的神经元得以形成新的连接,更强的连接。Thats when theyre getting smarter.正是在这个过程中,他们变得越来越聪明。I received a letter recently from a 13-year-old boy.最近,我收到一个13岁男孩的来信。He said, ;Dear Professor Dweck,I appreciate that your writing is based on solid scientific research,and thats why I decided to put it into practice. 他说,亲爱的德韦克教授,我欣赏你的著作, 因为它们都基于可靠的科学试验,因此,我决定将你的方法付诸实践。I put more effort into my schoolwork,into my relationship with my family,and into my relationship with kids at school,and I experienced great improvement in all of those areas.我更用功地学习,更用心地处好与家人的关系,与同学的关系,而在这些方面我都有了长足的进步。I now realize Ive wasted most of my life.现在我才意识到,过去浪费了太多生命。Lets not waste any more lives,because once we know that abilities are capable of such growth,it becomes a basic human right for children, all children,to live in places that create that growth,to live in places filled with yet. 让我们不再浪费生命,因为,既然我们知道能力可以增长,那么,生活在一个能激发进步并让这一切变得可能的地方就是每个孩子的权利。Thank you.谢谢。201507/385091。
  • Thank you, everybody. (Applause.) All right. Well, thanks to myfriend, Lilly Ledbetter, not only for that introduction but for fighting for asimple principle: Equal pay for equalwork. It’s not that complicated. And, Lilly, I assure you, you remain the faceof fair pay. (Laughter.) People don’t want my mug on there. (Laughter.) They want your face. As Lilly mentioned, she did notset out to be a trailblazer. She was just somebody who was waking up every day,going to work, doing her job the best that she could. And then one day, she finds out, after years,that she earned less than her male colleagues for doing the same job. I want to make that point again. (Laughter.) Doing the same job. Sometimeswhen you -- when we discuss this issue of fair pay, equal pay for equal work,and the pay gap between men and women, you’ll hear all sorts of excuses about,well, they’re child-bearing, and they’re choosing to do this, and they’re thisand they’re that and the other. She wasdoing the same job -- probably doing better. (Laughter and applause.) Samejob. Working just as hard, probablyputting in more hours. But she wasgetting systematically paid less. And so she set out to make surethis country lived up to its founding, the idea that all of us are createdequal. And when the courts didn’t answerher call, Congress did. The first time Lilly and I stoodtogether in this room was my tenth day in office, and that’s when we signed theLilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. (Applause.) First bill I signedinto law. And some of the leaders whohelped make that happen are here today, including Leader Pelosi and SenatorMikulski and Congresswoman DeLauro. (Applause.) I want to thank allthe members of Congress and all the state legislators who are here and all the advocates who are here, becauseyou all contributed to that effort. AndI want to give a special thanks to the members of the National Equal Pay TaskForce, who’ve done outstanding work to make workplaces across America morefair.We’re here because today is EqualPay Day. (Applause.) Equal Pay Day. And it’s nice to have a day, but it’s evenbetter to have equal pay. (Applause.) And our job is notfinished yet. Equal Pay Day means that a woman has to work about this far into2014 to earn what a man earned in 2013. Think about that. A woman has gotto work about three more months in order to get what a man got because she’spaid less. That’s not fair. That’s like adding an extra six miles to amarathon. (Laughter.) It’s not right.AUDIENCE MEMBER: Ain’t right.THE PRESIDENT: Ain’t right. (Laughter.) It’s not right and itain’t right. (Laughter.) America should be a level playingfield, a fair race for everybody -- a place where anybody who’s willing to workhard has a chance to get ahead. Andrestoring that opportunity for every American -- men and women -- has to be adriving focus for our country. Now, the good news is today oureconomy is growing; businesses have created almost 9 million new jobs over thepast four years. More than 7 millionAmericans have signed up for health care coverage under the Affordable CareAct. (Applause.)That’s a good thing, too. I know it’s Equal Pay Day and not ObamacareDay -- (laughter) -- but I do want to point out that the Affordable Care Actguarantees free preventive care, like mammograms and contraceptive care, fortens of millions of women, and ends the days when you could be charged morejust for being a woman when it comes to your health insurance. (Applause.) And that’s true for everybody. (Applause.) That’s just one moreplace where things were not fair. We’ll talk about drycleanersnext, right -- (laughter) -- because I know that -- I don’t know why it costsmore for Michelle’s blouse than my shirt. (Laughter.) But we’ve got to make sure thatAmerica works for everybody. Anybody who is willing to work hard, they shouldbe able to get ahead. And we’ve got tobuild an economy that works for everybody, not just those at the top. Restoring opportunity for all has to be ourpriority. That’s what America isabout. It doesn’t matter where youstarted off, what you look like -- you work hard, you take responsibility, youmake the effort, you should be able to get ahead. And we’ve got to fight for anopportunity agenda, which means more good jobs that pay good wages, andtraining Americans to make sure that they can fill those jobs, and guaranteeingevery child a world-class education, and making sure the economy rewards hardwork for every single American. And part of that is fighting forfair pay for women -- because when women succeed, America succeeds. (Applause.) When women succeed, America succeeds. It’s true. I believe that. (Applause.) It’s true. It’s true. It’s true. Now, here’s the challenge: Today, the average full-time working womanearns just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns; for African American women,Latinas, it’s even less. And in 2014,that’s an embarrassment. It iswrong. And this is not just an issue offairness. It’s also a family issue andan economic issue, because women make up about half of our workforce and they’reincreasingly the bwinners for a whole lot of families out there. So when they make less money, it means lessmoney for gas, less money for groceries, less money for child care, less moneyfor college tuition, less money is going into retirement savings. And it’s all bad for business,because our economy depends on customers out there, and when customers haveless money, when hardworking women don’t have the resources, that’s aproblem. When businesses lose terrificwomen talent because they’re fed up with unfair policies, that’s bad forbusiness. They lose out on thecontributions that those women could be making. When any of our citizens can’t fulfill their potential for reasons thathave nothing to do with their talent or their character or their work ethic, we’renot living up to our founding values. Wedon’t have second-class citizens in this country -- and certainly not in theworkplace.201502/359567。
  • You all know this story.你们都知道这个故事.In the summer of 1950,在1950年的夏天,Enrico Fermi, the Italian-American physicist Enrico Fermi,美籍意大利心理学家and atomic-pile builder,和原子堆创造者went to lunch at Los Alamos National Laboratory在Los Alamos国家实验室和一些同事们共进午餐,and joined some colleagues there, and asked them a question:问他们一些问题:;Where is everybody?;;大家都在哪里?;This confused his colleagues, obviously,很显然,这句话把大家整蒙了.because they were sitting right there with him.因为他们正跟他坐在一起.And then he had to clarify that he wasnt talking about them.当时他不得不解释说他不是在跟他们讲话.He was talking about the space aliens.他当时正和太空外星人讲话.You see, this was only a few years after你看,这件事发生在the supposed flying saucer crash新墨西哥州的罗斯威尔at Roswell, New Mexico.飞碟坠毁事件的几年之后.And even though that turned out to be nothing,虽然结果是什么都没有,nothing at all --什么都没有--merely a downed weather balloon仅仅是天上掉下来的一个气象气球,piloted by small hairless men一个张着大嘴的秃子with slits for mouths ...驾驶的气球.Still, America had gone saucer-mad,然而,美国人已经对飞碟过敏了,even famous scientists即使是正在吃饭的who were eating lunch.著名科学家.Fermis reasoning, if I may paraphrase badly,Fermi的推论,恕我诠释的不好,is that the universe is so vast这宇宙是如此的宽广that it stands to reason,顺理成章there should be other intelligent life out there.会有其它睿智的生命存在于宇宙中.And the universe is so old而且宇宙是如此的古老that unless we were the very first civilization ever to evolve,除非我们是第一个进化的文明,we should have some evidence of their existence by now.我们现在应该有一些外星人存在的据.And yet, to the best of our knowledge, we are alone.然而,据我们所知,我们是孤独的.;Where is everybody?; asked Fermi,;大家都在哪里?; Fermi问,and his colleagues had no answer.他和他的同事都没法回答.Fermi then went on with the same blunt logicFermi之后就继续用这种愚笨的逻辑to disprove fairies,去反驳童话,还有Sasquatch, God,大脚野人,上帝,the possibility of love --真爱的可能性--and thereafter, as you know,再后来,你也知道,Enrico Fermi ate alone.Enrico Fermi自此独自用餐.Now,现在,I am not a scientist.我不是一名科学家.I have never built an atomic pile.我从来没创造过原子堆.Although, I might argue that, technically,虽然,我很可能会争论,技术上讲.every pile is atomic.任何一个堆都是由原子构成的.However, with respect, I might point out two possibilities无论如何,带着景仰,我要指出Enrico Fermi也许that Enrico Fermi perhaps did not consider.没有考虑到的两种可能.One is that the aliens might be一种是外星人也许very far away.非常非常远.Perhaps, I dare say,大概吧,我敢说,even on other planets.甚至在其它的行星上.The other possibility --另一种可能性 --is, perhaps, Enrico Fermi himself就是,有可能 Enrico Fermi本人was an alien.就是一个外星人.Think about it.想像一下.Isnt it a little convenient在世界大战期间,that in the midst of the World War, out of nowhere,一个不知道哪里来的意大利科学家suddenly an Italian scientist showed up突然带着一种可以改变世界的with an amazing new technology令人吃惊的新技术that would transform everything in the world出现在世界面前,and darken the history of the human species forever after?并且自此改变了人类历史.这是不是太轻松了?And isnt it a little strange并且是不是有点奇怪that he required no payment for this?他并不要求任何报酬?That he asked for only one thing --他只要求一件事:a gift of two healthy sperm whales?要两个健康的抹香鲸作为礼物?Thats -- thats not true.当然,那并不是真的.But it is strange.不过太怪异了.And if Enrico Fermi were indeed a space alien,并且如果 Enrico Fermi当时真是一个外星人,wouldnt he be the first to have tried to convince他为什么不先去his fellow scientists尝试说他身边的科学家that the space aliens are not aly here?外星人还没有来过?For it is given in certain UFO-ology对于发表的飞碟学说or UFOlogy circles,或者不明飞行物学说,that the aliens are aly here and have been for millennia;他们认为外星人曾经来访并且千年之前就曾来过.that they have walked among us in disguise,他们带着伪装跟我们一起生活,observing us, guiding our evolution观察我们,引导我们进化from ape to man --从猿到人 --if you believe in that sort of thing --如果你相信这种东西的话.and, occasionally, kidnapping us in their flying saucers并且,他们偶然把我们绑架到他们的飞碟and taking us away to have sex with us in pyramids.并把我们带到金字塔里发生性关系.Its a difficult theory to discount,这是一个没有人相信的深奥的理论,I think youll agree.我想你也这么认为的.For even in my own life,即使在我的生活中there are memories I have也有些回忆是我很难that are difficult to explain --能够解释的通的 --happenings that are so odd and unaccountably weird,有些事情就那么非常神奇的,莫明奇妙的发生了.that it is difficult to imagine所以很难想像they were not the result我们的一生中,of prolonged and frequent contact with aliens throughout my life.他们始终坚持并且频繁的联系外星人For how else will you explain对于其它你要说的the amazing and absolutely true那些我亲身经历的close encounters that I had令人吃惊并且绝对真实的遭遇and will describe to you now?我现在就告诉你.201506/380609。
  • Because what had become clear to me and I want you to know it isnt always clear in the beginning because as I said I had been on television since I was 19 years old.但我想让你们知道,任何事情的一开始对于我们未必明朗,正如我所说我19岁就开始上电视。But around 94 I got really clear. So dont expect the clarity to come all at once to know your purpose right away, but what became clear to me was that I was here on earth to use television and not be used by it; to use television to illuminate the transcendent power of our better angels.然而到了94年我才渐渐清楚,所以不要期待一下子就想清楚、并马上明白自己的使命。对我来说,我最终清楚,我要利用电视而不是被电视利用,利用电视来照亮我们内在天使的一面。So this Angel Network, it didnt just change the lives of those who were helped, but the lives of those who also did the helping.这个“天使网络”,它不只是改变那些我们帮助过的人们的生活,同时也改变那些提供帮助的人们的生活。It reminded us that no matter who we are or what we look like or what we may believe it is both possible and more importantly it becomes powerful to come together in common purpose and common effort.它提醒我们,无论是谁,看上去如何,或者我们相信什么,更重要的是它成为了我们为共同目标走到一起的驱动力。I saw something on the Bill Moore Show recently that so reminded me of this point. It was an interview with David and Francine Wheeler.我最近在“ 比利尔秀”上看到一些东西再次提醒了我。那是一个采访戴维和弗朗辛·惠勒的节目。They lost their 7 year old son, Ben in the Sandy Hook tragedy.他们在Sandy Hook惨案中痛失了他们的7岁幼子Ben。And even though gun safety legislation to strengthen background checks had just been voted down in Congress at the time that they were doing this interview they talked about how they refused to be discouraged.尽管在此次访谈时国会已经否决了加强背景调查的安全立法,他们谈到他们拒绝被国会的否决所打击。Francine said this, she said ;Our hearts are broken but our spirits are not.弗朗辛说:“我们的心都碎了,但我们的精神没有垮。Im going to tell them what its like to find a conversation about change that is love, and Im going to do that without fighting them.;我想告诉他们关于变故的对话是怎样的感觉,那感觉就是爱。我将会接受它而不是抵触。”And then her husband David added this, ;You simply cannot demonize or vilify someone who doesnt agree with you, because the minute you do that, your discussion is over. And we cannot do that any longer.然后她的丈夫戴维继续说:“你不能诋毁或妖魔化那些持有异见的人,因为如果你这样做的那一刻,就不再有下文,我们不能再那样做了。The problem is too enormous. There has to be some way that this darkness can be banished with light.;问题已经很严重了,总有方法能用光明驱逐黑暗。”In our political system and in the media we often see the reflection of a country that is polarized, that is paralyzed and is self-interested.在我们的政治体系和媒体视角下,我们经常看到人们的两级分化的、近乎瘫痪、追逐自我利益的国家的反思。201507/389021。
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