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2019年12月14日 01:12:52来源:最新新闻

  • Many of us spend the bulk of our day peering at computer screens. Reading this article means there#39;s a good chance you#39;re looking at one right now.许多人每天都要花费很多时间在电脑屏幕前。比如读这篇文章的时候你就正在看着屏幕。But does looking at a computer screen damage your eyes? Brisbane optometry professor Nathan Efron does not consider computer screens ;harmful; to our eyes.看电脑屏幕真的会伤害我们的视力吗?布里斯班眼科教授Nathan Efron并不这样认为。But he admits if you use one a lot, you increase your risk of becoming slightly more short-sighted –where your eyes focus well only on close objects while more distant objects appear blurred. This is especially the case for children and young adults, whose eyes are still developing.但他承认如果你经常使用电脑屏幕,会增加你患近视的风险。因为你的眼睛经常盯着近处的物体,远处的物体自然就看不清楚了。这对于儿童和年轻人尤为明显,因为他们的眼睛还没有发育成熟。In the shorter term, prolonged viewing of a computer screen can make any slight existing vision defects more noticeable. It can also give you what is sometimes known as ;computer vision syndrome; – eye strain, headaches, gritty eyes and blurry vision. But this is only temporary and can be minimised by:简而言之,一直盯着电脑屏幕可以在短期内使视力明显下降。有时候还会让你出现“电脑眼综合症”:眼睛酸痛、头疼、异物感、模糊。但这些都是暂时的,可以用以下方法缓解:Adjusting the screen display so the contrast is high and the brightness feels comfortable.调整你的显示器的亮度和对比度,让你的眼睛觉得舒为准。Having lighting that does not produce glare on the screen.不要让屏幕上出现附近灯光的反光。Giving your eyes regular rests from looking at the screen (The Optometrists Association of Australia recommends you do this for five to ten minutes every one to two hours of computer use. It#39;s a good time to make phone calls or do other tasks.)让你的眼睛定期休息。(澳大利亚眼科协会建议每一到两小时至少休息五到十分钟。你可以利用这个时间打个电话或做些别的事情。) /201206/187528。
  • ;Are we poisonous?; the young snake asked his mother.“我们有毒吗?”一个年幼的蛇问它的母亲。;Yes, dear,; she replied - ;Why do you ask?;“是的,宝贝”,她回答说,“你问这个干什么?”;Because I#39;ve just bitten my tongue! ;“因为我刚刚咬破自己的舌头。”内容来自: /201204/177225。
  • A detailed study into 12 aspects of modern life found men experience higher levels of happiness in seven of them, including salary, appearance and body shape。一项对现代生活12个方面进行的详细研究表明,男性在薪水、外表和体型等七个方面幸福感更高。Women#39;s scores were higher than men in the love life, family life and sex life categories。女性则在爱情生活、家庭生活和性生活这几个方面感到更幸福。The study also found despite the lingering economic doom, soaring cost of living and stagnant housing market the majority of us have adopted a #39;Always look on the bright side of life#39; attitude。研究也发现,尽管经济长期低迷,生活费用不断上涨,房地产市场也不景气,但大部分人的生活态度还是‘总能看到生活中美好的一面。’Paul Keenan of Benenden Health, which commissioned the report, said: ;Given the pessimistic economic outlook, the financial restraints everyone is under and the grim weather, it#39;s good to discover deep down, there seems to be a positive and forward-looking attitude across Britain。本耐登保健组织的保罗-基南委托了这份报告。他表示:“在市场前景悲观的情况下,每个人都受到了经济方面的限制,还有这阴冷的天气,所以这时发现英国人内心深处的积极和乐观的态度具有非常特别的意义。”;Certainly, a positive attitude goes a long way towards creating a feeling of well-being which in turn can only be good for our long term health。”“当然了,在朝着创造幸福感这一目标努力的过程中,我们还需要长久地保持着积极的生活态度,这对我们长期的健康来说也只会有好处没有坏处。”;This doesn#39;t detract from the fact many families have real difficulties and struggles to face in the current economic climate - but perhaps serves to demonstrate the British #39;stiff upper lip#39; is alive and well in the 21st century.;“但这并不是说所有的家庭都一帆风顺。在当前的经济环境下,还有很多家庭面临着很多困难——但这正好说明英国人在21世纪‘咬紧牙关’地活着而且还活得挺好。”The study also found the typical woman#39;s happiness scored highly in general health and their living location. Other areas in which men emerged as happier than the opposite sex were career prospects, #39;how other people see you#39;, finances and job security。研究也发现,典型女性在健康和生活地点方面的幸福感分数较高。其他的一些方面中,男性幸福感比女性高的方面主要包括:事业前景、别人眼中的自己、财政和工作保障。The biggest barrier to feeling content in day to day life was money worries, which affected 46 per cent of respondents。在每天的生活中最大的障碍是对金钱的担忧,这影响了46%的研究参与者。In fact, it would take just £132 extra a month for the average person to make ends meet and dramatically improve their overall happiness - proving that it is not just a big windfall that would help increase the average person#39;s outlook on life but infact a relatively modest sum。事实上,对一般人来说,每月多出132英镑就能让他们量入为出,显著地改善幸福水平——这也明了并不是只有天外横财才能让人乐观,实际上相对来说,一笔适中的收入就能改善人们的生活。Britons said more sunny weather would be the thing most likely to raise their optimism day to day, while a little more money each month, seeing less negative news items and more affection from a partner would raise the spirits massively。英国人表示,多一些晴朗的天气最有可能让他们变得更乐观,而每个月多一点钱,少看一些负面的新闻,得到伴侣多一些的关爱,能极大地提升他们的情绪。Eating a better diet, a job that is more satisfying and finally shaking a long term injury or illness all featured in the top 10 wishes for a brighter outlook。吃得好一点儿、有一份更让人满意的工作、摆脱长期伤痛和疾病的困扰,这些都在拥有更美好前景的前10个愿望中。While more reassurance from the boss, time with the kids and even their favourite sports team performing better featured in the list。另外,从老板那里得到更多的肯定、和孩子有更多的相处时间、最喜欢的足球队表现得更好这些也都在出现在这份清单里。A fairly patient one third of people studied would be more optimistic in life if their partner showed them more commitment。研究表明,如果人们能得到伴侣更多的承诺和保,那么会有三分之一的人在生活中会更加乐观。And, perhaps contrary to popular belief, getting hitched seems to do wonders for a brighter perspective on life with married people rating significantly happier than singles in almost all categories。研究还发现人们婚后就像是有奇迹发生,生活更加美好,这可能与普遍观念相反。已婚人士在各个方面都明显比单身人士幸福。When looking forwards the study was split 50/50 between those who thought they had good reason to be positive and those searching for reasons to be optimistic about their life。当展望未来时,一半的人认为他们有充分的理由会变得积极,还有一半的人需要去寻找理由来变得乐观。However, there was a clear trend towards happiness growing with age - over 55s proved the most likely to rate themselves as an eternal optimist. Interestingly, the younger generation seemed less upbeat overall and were most likely to say their outlook has become gloomier in recent times。然而,随着年龄的增长,幸福感有明显增长的趋势——55岁以上的人更有可能说自己是个永久的乐观主义者。有趣的是,从整体上来说,年轻的一代看起来并不那么乐观,更可能说他们的前景最近会比较黯淡。This trend rises directly with age, with the under 25s most likely to say their perspective on life has become more negative and the over 55s least likely to feel their optimism has declined。这种趋势会直接随着年龄而增长,25岁以下的人更可能说他们对生活的前景比较失望,而55岁以上的人很少会认为自己的乐观感会降低 /201508/391150。
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