明星资讯腾讯娱乐2020年01月19日 19:49:18
But even harder than the technological troubles are the political ones as preposterous as it might sound to many of us但在技术难题之外 更复杂的是政治难题也许看起来有点荒谬there are great many people claim that climate change is a hoax很多人都声称气候变化只是个骗局perpetrated by an international conspiracy of scientists and government officials是科学家和政府官员编造的国际阴谋Oh but it were that simple有这么简单吗If there were a conspiracy our path forward would be easy如果确实是阴谋我们前进的道路就简单了None of us would be responsible for climate change没人需要对气候变化负责It would be those bad guys. All wed have to do is expose them and everything would be fine but my friends, there is no such thing需要负责的是坏人 我们只需要曝光坏人就行了一切都会很好但是朋友们 根本不是这样的Have you ever tried to get along with a bunch of scientists?你们能同一堆科学家相处得好吗Theyre at each others throats and theyre happy about it他们吵得不可开交 而且乐此不疲Climate change is happening because we are all using the atmosphere for chemical energy and as ways to dump our airborne carbon气候变化正在发生因为我们都在使用大气提供化学能并往空气中排出碳Its a much more complicated problem than any that could be caused by a misguided conspirator这个问题太过复杂根本就不是一个阴谋者能够想出来的Conspiracy theories are for lazy people people that dont want to get down to business at hand阴谋论只适用于懒人只适用于不想严肃考虑问题的人So everybody, please dismiss those ideas at once我请所有人立刻摒弃阴谋论观点The US cannot wait for the others we have to overcome the notion that美国不能等别人我们不能总想着since other large carbon dioxide emitters like China, Russia and India其它二氧化碳排放大国 例如中国 俄罗斯 印度have not come around to the idea of reducing emissions都没有考虑减排 then the ed States and the class of 2014 shouldnt either那么美国和2014届毕业生也不应该考虑减排201510/404495THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody! (Applause.) Can everybody please give Lisbeth a big round of applause? That was a great introduction. (Applause.)Happy Halloween, everybody. I see a lot of you came as college students. (Applause.)AUDIENCE MEMBER: We love you!THE PRESIDENT: I love you, too. Those of you who have seats, feel free to sit down. Those of you who don’t, don’t. (Laughter.) I am not going to be too long. I’ve got to get back and trick-or-treat tonight with Michelle. Although, Malia and Sasha are a little old --AUDIENCE: Aww --THE PRESIDENT: It’s so sad. (Laughter.) I used to be able to -- we’d dress them up, and we still have the pictures. They’ll resent them later, but at the time they were fine with it. They were so cute.A good thing about being President is we never run out of Presidential Mamp;Ms -- (laughter) -- so we’re going to be giving those out.AUDIENCE: (Inaudible.) (Laughter.)THE PRESIDENT: You want some? Is that what you said? Only to kids. (Laughter.)We’re so proud of Lisbeth, not just for the wonderful introduction but for being so determined about her education. And she’s a really remarkable young lady. I had a chance to speak to her before we came out. It turns out she went to school with my niece and nephew --AUDIENCE MEMBER: Classical!THE PRESIDENT: That’s right. At Classical, is that right? So that was neat.I have also brought some Halloween characters with me: Our Secretary of Labor, Tom Perez. (Applause.) They are all dressed up as really outstanding public servants. (Laughter.) And Tom has just been doing extraordinary work. His lovely daughter is there, who’s a freshman at Brown. Your great senators, Jack Reed and Sheldon Whitehouse. (Applause.) Your outstanding Congressman, David Cicilline, is here. (Applause.) Jim Langevin is here. (Applause.) And we’re proud of both of them.But despite how much I love all the folks I just mentioned, the people I really came to see is you. (Applause.) Because every decision I make every single day -- all the policies I pursue as President -- are all aimed at making sure we restore the promise of this country for your generation and for every generation that comes after.Now, the good news is we’ve made a lot of progress since the worst economic crisis of our lifetimes. So when I first came into office, the economy was in a freefall, the auto industry was in a freefall. Banks were frozen up. We were losing 800,000 jobs a month. Over the past 55 months, our businesses have now added 10.3 million new jobs. (Applause.) For the first time in more than six years, the unemployment rate is below 6 percent. Over the past six months, our economy has grown at its fastest pace in more than 10 years.And in education, dropout rates are down, the national graduation rate is the highest on record, more young people are earning their college degrees than ever before. (Applause.) Good job, young people.In energy, we’re less dependent on foreign oil than any time in nearly three decades. Manufacturing -- the quintessential producer of middle-class jobs, the heart of Rhode Island’s economy for decades -- manufacturing has now created 700,000 new jobs since early 2010. Ten million Americans have gained the peace of mind that comes with having health insurance. (Applause.)AUDIENCE MEMBER: Thank you!THE PRESIDENT: You’re welcome.Deficits have come down. Health care inflation has come down. There’s almost no economic measure by which we haven’t made substantial progress over this period of time. We’re better off than we were. (Applause.)So, look, the progress has been hard. It’s sometimes been challenging in particular states. But it’s been steady and it’s been real. Now, the thing is, though, what’s also true is that millions of Americans don’t yet feel the benefits of a growing economy where it matters most -- and that’s in their own lives. There are still a lot of folks who are working hard, but having trouble making ends meet.I know that many of you are working while you go to school. Some of you are helping support your parents or siblings. Here in Rhode Island, and across the country, there are still too many people who are working too many hours and don’t have enough to show for it. And this isn’t just the hangover from the Great Recession; some of this has to do with trends that date back 20, 30 years. And I’ve always said that recovering from the crisis of 2008 was the first thing we had to do, but our economy won’t be healthy until we reverse some of these longer-term trends, this erosion of middle-class jobs and income.201506/378898

Kandels life, I believe demonstrates how a persistent curiosity can help us reach ambitious goals even with great roadblocks in the way坎德尔的一生 很好地明了持续的好奇心对雄心壮志的实现有多么重要它能让你不惧艰难险阻A second tool for lifelong intellectual growth is a willingness to listen carefully to others对于智力发展 受益终生的另一个工具是认真倾听他人的意愿These days, technology allows us access to a great bth of perspectives but it also allows us to limit what voices we hear to the narrow range we find most agreeable现如今 科技让我们具有了前所未有的信息获取广度不过我们还是更愿意将自己听到的声音限定在自己最赞同的那一狭小范围内Listening to others especially those with whom we disagree tests our own ideas and beliefs倾听他人特别是那些你不赞同的人能够测试我们自身的想法和信念It forces us to recognize, with humility that we dont have a monopoly on the truth它能迫使我们谦逊地承认我们对真理并没有垄断权Yankee Stadium is a natural venue for another lesson:洋基体育场则见了另一则启示You wont succeed all the time没人能够总是成功Even Ruth, Gehrig and DiMaggio failed most of time when they stepped to the plate就算是鲁斯 盖里格和狄马乔踏上棒球场时 很多时候也无法避免失败Finding the right path in life, more often than not, involves some missteps探索正确人生道路的过程中 自然也无法避免犯错My Federal Reserve colleagues and I experienced this as we struggled to address a financial and economic crisis that threatened the global economy我和美联储的同事都经历过这种挫折面对肆虐全球的金融和经济危机201504/365461

MRS. OBAMA: Thank you all. (Applause.) Thank you so much. (Applause.) Lets let our graduates rest themselves. Youve worked hard for those seats! (Applause.)Let me start by thanking President Johnson for that very gracious introduction, and for awarding me with this honorary degree from an extraordinary institution. I am proud to have this degree – very proud. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you so much. (Applause.)I want to recognize Major General Williams; Congresswoman Sewell; Zachary; Kalauna; to all of the trustees, the faculty, the staff here at Tuskegee University. Thank you – thank you so much for this warm welcome, this tremendous hospitality. And Im so glad to be here. (Applause.) Before I begin, I just want to say that my heart goes out to everyone who knew and loved Eric Marks, Jr. I understand he was such a talented young man, a promising aerospace engineer who was well on his way to achieving his dream of following in the footsteps of the Tuskegee Airmen. And Eric was taken from us far too soon. And our thoughts and prayers will continue to be with his family, his friends, and this entire community. (Applause.) I also have to recognize the Concert Choir. Wow, you guys are good! Well done! (Applause.) Beautiful song. (Applause.) And I have to join in recognizing all the folks up in the stands – the parents, siblings, friends – (applause) – so many others who have poured their love and support into these graduates every step of the way. Yeah, this is your day. (Applause.) Your day. (Applause.) Now, on this day before Mothers Day, Ive got to give a special shout-out to all the moms here. (Applause.) Yay, moms! And I want you to consider this as a public service announcement for anyone who hasnt bought the flowers or the cards or the gifts yet – all right? Im trying to cover you. (Laughter.) But remember that one rule is “keep mom happy.” (Laughter.) All right? (Applause.) And finally, most of all, I want to congratulate the men and women of the Tuskegee University Class of 2015! (Applause.) T-U!AUDIENCE: You know!MRS. OBAMA: I love that. (Applause.) We can do that all day. (Laughter.) Im so proud of you all. And you look good. (Applause.) Well done! You all have come here from all across the country to study, to learn, maybe have a little fun along the way – from freshman year in Adams or Younge Hall – (applause) – to those late night food runs to The Coop. (Applause.) I did my research. (Applause.) To those mornings you woke up early to get a spot under The Shed to watch the Golden Tigers play. (Applause.) Yeah! Ive been watching! (Laughter.) At the White House we have all kinds of ways. (Laughter.) And whether you played sports yourself, or sang in the choir, or played in the band, or joined a fraternity or sorority – after today, all of you will take your spot in the long line of men and women who have come here and distinguished themselves and this university.You will follow alums like many of your parents and grandparents, aunts and uncles – leaders like Robert Robinson Taylor, a groundbreaking architect and administrator here who was recently honored on a postage stamp. (Applause.) You will follow heroes like Dr. Boynton Robinson – (applause) – who survived the billy clubs and the tear gas of Bloody Sunday in Selma. The story of Tuskegee is full of stories like theirs – men and women who came to this city, seized their own futures, and wound up shaping the arc of history for African Americans and all Americans.And Id like to begin today by reflecting on that history – starting back at the time when the Army chose Tuskegee as the site of its airfield and flight school for black pilots. (Applause.) Back then, black soldiers faced all kinds of obstacles. There were the so-called scientific studies that said that black mens brains were smaller than white mens. Official Army reports stated that black soldiers were “childlike,” “shiftless,” “unmoral and untruthful,” and as one e stated, “if fed, loyal and compliant.”So while the Airmen selected for this program were actually highly educated – many aly had college degrees and pilots licenses – they were presumed to be inferior. During training, they were often assigned to menial tasks like housekeeping or landscaping. Many suffered verbal abuse at the hands of their instructors. When they ventured off base, the white sheriff here in town called them “boy” and ticketed them for the most minor offenses. And when they finally deployed overseas, white soldiers often wouldnt even return their salutes.Just think about what that must have been like for those young men. Here they were, trained to operate some of the most complicated, high-tech machines of their day – flying at hundreds of miles an hour, with the tips of their wings just six inches apart. Yet when they hit the ground, folks treated them like they were nobody – as if their very existence meant nothing.Now, those Airmen could easily have let that experience clip their wings. But as you all know, instead of being defined by the discrimination and the doubts of those around them, they became one of the most successful pursuit squadrons in our military. (Applause.) They went on to show the world that if black folks and white folks could fight together, and fly together, then surely – surely – they could eat at a lunch counter together. Surely their kids could go to school together. (Applause.)You see, those Airmen always understood that they had a “double duty” – one to their country and another to all the black folks who were counting on them to pave the way forward. (Applause.) So for those Airmen, the act of flying itself was a symbol of liberation for themselves and for all African Americans.One of those first pilots, a man named Charles DeBow, put it this way. He said that a takeoff was – in his words – “a never-failing miracle” where all “the bumps would smooth off… [youre] in the air… out of this world… free.”And when he was up in the sky, Charles sometimes looked down to see black folks out in the cotton fields not far from here – the same fields where decades before, their ancestors as slaves. And he knew that he was taking to the skies for them – to give them and their children something more to hope for, something to aspire to.And in so many ways, that never-failing miracle – the constant work to rise above the bumps in our path to greater freedom for our brothers and sisters – that has always been the story of African Americans here at Tuskegee. (Applause.) Just think about the arc of this universitys history. Back in the late 1800s, the school needed a new dormitory, but there was no money to pay for it. So Booker T. Washington pawned his pocket watch to buy a kiln, and students used their bare hands to make bricks to build that dorm – and a few other buildings along the way. (Applause.) A few years later, when George Washington Carver first came here for his research, there was no laboratory. So he dug through trash piles and collected old bottles, and tea cups, and fruit jars to use in his first experiments.Generation after generation, students here have shown that same grit, that same resilience to soar past obstacles and outrages – past the threat of countryside lynchings; past the humiliation of Jim Crow; past the turmoil of the Civil Rights era. And then they went on to become scientists, engineers, nurses and teachers in communities all across the country – and continued to lift others up along the way. (Applause.)And while the history of this campus isnt perfect, the defining story of Tuskegee is the story of rising hopes and fortunes for all African Americans. And now, graduates, its your turn to take up that cause. And let me tell you, you should feel so proud of making it to this day. And I hope that youre excited to get started on that next chapter. But I also imagine that you might think about all that history, all those heroes who came before you – you might also feel a little pressure, you know – pressure to live up to the legacy of those who came before you; pressure to meet the expectations of others.And believe me, I understand that kind of pressure. (Applause.) Ive experienced a little bit of it myself. You see, graduates, I didnt start out as the fully-formed First Lady who stands before you today. No, no, I had my share of bumps along the way.Back when my husband first started campaigning for President, folks had all sorts of questions of me: What kind of First Lady would I be? What kinds of issues would I take on? Would I be more like Laura Bush, or Hillary Clinton, or Nancy Reagan? And the truth is, those same questions would have been posed to any candidates spouse. Thats just the way the process works. But, as potentially the first African American First Lady, I was also the focus of another set of questions and speculations; conversations sometimes rooted in the fears and misperceptions of others. Was I too loud, or too angry, or too emasculating? (Applause.) Or was I too soft, too much of a mom, not enough of a career woman?Then there was the first time I was on a magazine cover – it was a cartoon drawing of me with a huge afro and machine gun. Now, yeah, it was satire, but if Im really being honest, it knocked me back a bit. It made me wonder, just how are people seeing me.Or you might remember the on-stage celebratory fist bump between me and my husband after a primary win that was referred to as a “terrorist fist jab.” And over the years, folks have used plenty of interesting words to describe me. One said I exhibited “a little bit of uppity-ism. “Another noted that I was one of my husbands “cronies of color.” Cable news once charmingly referred to me as “Obamas Baby Mama.”And of course, Barack has endured his fair share of insults and slights. Even today, there are still folks questioning his citizenship.And all of this used to really get to me. Back in those days, I had a lot of sleepless nights, worrying about what people thought of me, wondering if I might be hurting my husbands chances of winning his election, fearing how my girls would feel if they found out what some people were saying about their mom.But eventually, I realized that if I wanted to keep my sanity and not let others define me, there was only one thing I could do, and that was to have faith in Gods plan for me. (Applause.) I had to ignore all of the noise and be true to myself – and the rest would work itself out. (Applause.) So throughout this journey, I have learned to block everything out and focus on my truth. I had to answer some basic questions for myself: Who am I? No, really, who am I? What do I care about?And the answers to those questions have resulted in the woman who stands before you today. (Applause.) A woman who is, first and foremost, a mom. (Applause.) Look, I love our daughters more than anything in the world, more than life itself. And while that may not be the first thing that some folks want to hear from an Ivy-league educated lawyer, it is truly who I am. (Applause.) So for me, being Mom-in-Chief is, and always will be, job number one.Next, Ive always felt a deep sense of obligation to make the biggest impact possible with this incredible platform. So I took on issues that were personal to me – issues like helping families raise healthier kids, honoring the incredible military families Id met on the campaign trail, inspiring our young people to value their education and finish college. (Applause.)Now, some folks criticized my choices for not being bold enough. But these were my choices, my issues. And I decided to tackle them in the way that felt most authentic to me – in a way that was both substantive and strategic, but also fun and, hopefully, inspiring.So I immersed myself in the policy details. I worked with Congress on legislation, gave speeches to CEOs, military generals and Hollywood executives. But I also worked to ensure that my efforts would resonate with kids and families – and that meant doing things in a creative and unconventional way. So, yeah, I planted a garden, and hula-hooped on the White House Lawn with kids. I did some Mom Dancing on TV. I celebrated military kids with Kermit the Frog. I asked folks across the country to wear their alma maters T-shirts for College Signing Day.And at the end of the day, by staying true to the me Ive always known, I found that this journey has been incredibly freeing. Because no matter what happened, I had the peace of mind of knowing that all of the chatter, the name calling, the doubting – all of it was just noise. (Applause.) It did not define me. It didnt change who I was. And most importantly, it couldnt hold me back. I have learned that as long as I hold fast to my beliefs and values – and follow my own moral compass – then the only expectations I need to live up to are my own.So, graduates, thats what I want for all of you. I want you all to stay true to the most real, most sincere, most authentic parts of yourselves. I want you to ask those basic questions: Who do you want to be? What inspires you? How do you want to give back? And then I want you to take a deep breath and trust yourselves to chart your own course and make your mark on the world.Maybe it feels like youre supposed to go to law school – but what you really want to do is to teach little kids. Maybe your parents are expecting you to come back home after you graduate – but youre feeling a pull to travel the world. I want you to listen to those thoughts. I want you to act with both your mind, but also your heart. And no matter what path you choose, I want you to make sure its you choosing it, and not someone else. (Applause.) Because heres the thing – the road ahead is not going to be easy. It never is, especially for folks like you and me. Because while weve come so far, the truth is that those age-old problems are stubborn and they havent fully gone away. So there will be times, just like for those Airmen, when you feel like folks look right past you, or they see just a fraction of who you really are.The world wont always see you in those caps and gowns. They wont know how hard you worked and how much you sacrificed to make it to this day – the countless hours you spent studying to get this diploma, the multiple jobs you worked to pay for school, the times you had to drive home and take care of your grandma, the evenings you gave up to volunteer at a food bank or organize a campus fundraiser. They dont know that part of you.Instead they will make assumptions about who they think you are based on their limited notion of the world. And my husband and I know how frustrating that experience can be. Weve both felt the sting of those daily slights throughout our entire lives – the folks who crossed the street in fear of their safety; the clerks who kept a close eye on us in all those department stores; the people at formal events who assumed we were the “help” – and those who have questioned our intelligence, our honesty, even our love of this country.And I know that these little indignities are obviously nothing compared to what folks across the country are dealing with every single day – those nagging worries that youre going to get stopped or pulled over for absolutely no reason; the fear that your job application will be overlooked because of the way your name sounds; the agony of sending your kids to schools that may no longer be separate, but are far from equal; the realization that no matter how far you rise in life, how hard you work to be a good person, a good parent, a good citizen – for some folks, it will never be enough. (Applause.)And all of that is going to be a heavy burden to carry. It can feel isolating. It can make you feel like your life somehow doesnt matter – that youre like the invisible man that Tuskegee grad Ralph Ellison wrote about all those years ago. And as weve seen over the past few years, those feelings are real. Theyre rooted in decades of structural challenges that have made too many folks feel frustrated and invisible. And those feelings are playing out in communities like Baltimore and Ferguson and so many others across this country. (Applause.) But, graduates, today, I want to be very clear that those feelings are not an excuse to just throw up our hands and give up. (Applause.) Not an excuse. They are not an excuse to lose hope. To succumb to feelings of despair and anger only means that in the end, we lose.But heres the thing – our history provides us with a better story, a better blueprint for how we can win. It teaches us that when we pull ourselves out of those lowest emotional depths, and we channel our frustrations into studying and organizing and banding together – then we can build ourselves and our communities up. We can take on those deep-rooted problems, and together – together – we can overcome anything that stands in our way.And the first thing we have to do is vote. (Applause.) Hey, no, not just once in a while. Not just when my husband or somebody you like is on the ballot. But in every election at every level, all of the time. (Applause.) Because here is the truth – if you want to have a say in your community, if you truly want the power to control your own destiny, then youve got to be involved. You got to be at the table. Youve got to vote, vote, vote, vote. Thats it; thats the way we move forward. Thats how we make progress for ourselves and for our country. Thats whats always happened here at Tuskegee. Think about those students who made bricks with their bare hands. They did it so that others could follow them and learn on this campus, too. Think about that brilliant scientist who made his lab from a trash pile. He did it because he ultimately wanted to help sharecroppers feed their families. Those Airmen who rose above brutal discrimination – they did it so the whole world could see just how high black folks could soar. Thats the spirit weve got to summon to take on the challenges we face today. (Applause.) And you dont have to be President of the ed States to start addressing things like poverty, and education, and lack of opportunity. Graduates, today – today, you can mentor a young person and make sure he or she takes the right path. Today, you can volunteer at an after-school program or food pantry. Today, you can help your younger cousin fill out her college financial aid form so that she could be sitting in those chairs one day. (Applause.) But just like all those folks who came before us, youve got to do something to lay the groundwork for future generations.That pilot I mentioned earlier – Charles DeBow – he didnt rest on his laurels after making history. Instead, after he left the Army, he finished his education. He became a high school English teacher and a college lecturer. He kept lifting other folks up through education. He kept fulfilling his “double duty” long after he hung up his uniform.And, graduates, thats what we need from all of you. We need you to channel the magic of Tuskegee toward the challenges of today. And heres what I really want you to know – you have got everything you need to do this. Youve got it in you. Because even if youre nervous or unsure about what path to take in the years ahead, I want you to realize that youve got everything you need right now to succeed. Youve got it.Youve got the knowledge and the skills honed here on this hallowed campus. Youve got families up in the stands who will support you every step of the way. And most of all, youve got yourselves – and all of the heart, and grit, and smarts that got you to this day.And if you rise above the noise and the pressures that surround you, if you stay true to who you are and where you come from, if you have faith in Gods plan for you, then you will keep fulfilling your duty to people all across this country. And as the years pass, youll feel the same freedom that Charles DeBow did when he was taking off in that airplane. You will feel the bumps smooth off. Youll take part in that “never-failing miracle” of progress. And youll be flying through the air, out of this world – free.God bless you, graduates. (Applause.) I cant wait to see how high you soar. Love you all. Very proud. Thank you. (Applause.) 201507/386937

  Hi, everybody.大家好。This week, I went down to an Amazon warehouse in Tennessee to talk more about what we need to do to secure a better bargain for the middle class ,本周,我到访了亚马逊在田纳西州的一个仓库,谈到了如何为中产阶级提供更好的保障的问题,to make sure that anyone who works hard can get ahead in the 21st century economy.让任何一个努力付出的人在21世纪的经济浪潮里获得成功。Over the past four and a half years, weve fought our way back from the worst recession of our lifetimes and begun to lay a foundation for stronger, more durable economic growth.过去四年半的时间,我们成功抵挡住了此生以来最严重的经济衰退,并为未来经济增长打下了更坚实、更持久基础。Today, our businesses have created 7.3 million new jobs over the last 41 months.现在,我们的企业在过去41个月里新增730万个就业岗位。We now sell more products made in America to the rest of the world than ever before.现在销售到世界各地的美国产品比以往任何时候都要多。Health care costs are growing at the slowest rate in 50 years, and our deficits are falling at the fastest rate in 60 years.医疗保险的出增长也降低到50年来的最水平,财政赤字也以60年来最快的速度在降低。But as any middle-class family will tell you, were not where we need to be yet.正如任何一个中产家庭想要说的一样,我们还远未达到我们的既定目标。Even before the crisis hit,即便是在经济危机之前,we were living through a decade where a few at the top were doing better and better, while most families were working harder and harder just to get by.我们生活的这个时代,社会顶层的一小部分人越来越好,而大多数家庭不断的努力工作却只能换来勉强苟活。Reversing this trend must be Washingtons highest priority.反转这一势头必须是华盛顿的头等大事。Its certainly mine.当然也是我的头等大事。But too often over the past two years, Washington has taken its eye off the ball.但在过去两年的大多数时间里,华盛顿根本没有关注过这一问题。Theyve allowed an endless parade of political posturing and phony scandals to distract from growing our economy and strengthening the middle class.他们任由政治表态、骗人的丑闻轮番上演,将注意力从促进经济增长和巩固中产阶级地位的重点上引开。Thats why Im laying out my ideas for how we can build on the cornerstones of what it means to be middle class in America.这正是提出我想法的原因,对中产阶级影响重大的事情,我们要在职权范围内做出努力,为他们打下基础。A good education.好的教育,A home of your own.你们自己拥有的住房,Health care when you get sick.你生病时候的医疗保险,A secure retirement even if youre not rich.即便不太富裕也能靠得住的退休金。And the most important cornerstone of all: a good job in a durable, growing industry.而最为重要的基石则是:持久增长的产业中良好的工作岗位。When it comes to creating more good jobs that pay decent wages, the problem is not a lack of ideas.而谈到创造更多有体面收入的良好工作岗位这一问题时,问题关键不在于缺乏想法。Plenty of independent economists, business owners and people from both parties agree on what we have to do.大多独立经济学家,企业主和两党的很多人都懂得我们要做什么。I proposed many of these ideas two years ago in the American Jobs Act.我在两年前的《美国就业法案》里也提出过很多相关建议。And this week, I put forward common-sense proposals for how we can create more jobs in manufacturing; in wind, solar and natural gas; and by rebuilding Americas infrastructure.在本周,我提出了一些常规方案,包括如何在制造业,风能、太阳能、天然气领域及重建美国的基础设施创造更多就业岗位。What were lacking is action from Washington.我们真正缺乏的是华盛顿的行动。And thats why, in addition to proposing ideas that we know will grow our economy,正因如此,在提出这些众所周知的促进经济增长的想法的基础上,Ive also put forward a strategy for breaking through the Washington logjam-a “grand bargain” for the middle class.我还提出了一项打破当前华盛顿的僵局的方案—为中产阶级来一次“大妥协”Im willing to work with Republicans to simplify our tax code for businesses large and small,我愿意与共和党人一起为大中小型企业精简税法,but only if we take the money we save by transitioning to a simpler tax system and make a significant investment in creating good, middle-class jobs.但只有通过更简明的税收系统及在创造收入良好的中产阶级岗位方面进行重大投资才能真正将钱省下来。We can put construction workers back on the job rebuilding our infrastructure.我们可以让建筑工人重返工作岗位重建我们的基础设施。We can boost manufacturing, so more American companies can sell their products around the world.我们可以重建我们的制造业,这样美国公司可以将更多的产品销售到全世界。And we can help our community colleges arm our workers with the skills they need in a global economy-all without adding a dime to the deficit.而且我们还能帮助职业大学培养工人,让他们具备参与全球经济竞争所需的各项技能,所有这些事情不会给财政增加一分钱的赤字。Ill keep laying out my ideas to give the middle class a better shot in the 21st century, and Ill keep reaching out to Republicans for theirs.我会不断提出自己的想法,给中产阶级在21世纪一个更好的未来,我也将继续与共和党合作,达成他们所要的目标。But gutting critical investments in our future and threatening national default on the bills that Congress has aly racked up-thats not an economic plan.但砍掉对未来影响重大的投资,威胁到国会已经取得阶段成果的国家信用违约,这就不是什么经济计划了。Denying health care to millions of Americans, or shutting down the government just because Im for keeping it open-that wont help the middle class.反对惠及数百万人口的医疗保险,亦或是因为我要保持其开放而非得关闭政府务部门的话,是不会帮助到中产阶级的。The truth is, there are no gimmicks when it comes to creating jobs.事实是,创造就业没有什么噱头。There are no tricks to grow the economy.促进经济增长也没有什么花招。Reversing the long erosion of middle-class security in this country wont be easy.要反转中产阶级地位不断侵蚀的态势并非易事。But if we work together and take a few bold steps-and if Washington is willing to set aside politics and focus on what really matters-we can grow our economy and give the middle class a better bargain.但只要我们共同努力,采取一些大胆的措施,如果华盛顿愿意抛弃政治成见,关注真正重要的事情的,我们就能促进经济的增长,并给中产阶级一个更好的保障。And together, we can make this country a place where everyone who works hard can get ahead.通过共同努力,我们可以让这个国家的每一个努力工作的人获得成功。Thanks, and have a great weekend.谢谢大家,祝你们周末愉快。201308/253328



  Award-winning journalist and TV personality Katie Couric delievered her witty and inspiring address at the 2014 School of Communication commencement ceremony Saturday, May 10, at American University.201504/368322

  As many of you know, early on Friday, at least twelve people were killed when a gunman opened fire at a movie heater in Aurora, Colorado. 正如你们很多人了解的那样,早在星期五,一名持男子在科罗拉多州奥罗拉电影院开致使至少12人死亡。Dozens more are being treated for injuries at local hospitals. 而且数十人受伤,目前正在当地医院接受治疗。Some of the victims are being treated at a childrens hospital.有些受害者则在儿童医院接受治疗。We are still gathering all the facts about what happened, but we do know that the police have one suspect in ustody. 我们仍在对于所发生的事情进行资料收集,但是我们知道警方已经羁押了其中一名嫌犯。And the federal government stands y to do everything necessary to bring whoevers responsible for this einous crime to justice. 而且联邦政府愿尽一切努力誓将这个令人发指的罪人绳之以法。We will take every step possible to ensure the safety of all our people.我们也将采取尽可能的措施以确保我们所有人的安全。And we will stand by our neighbors in Colorado during this extraordinarily difficult time.我们在这段极其艰难的时间内将为我们在科罗拉多州的邻居们随时待命。Even as we come to learn how this happened and whos responsible, we may never understand what leads anyone to terrorize their fellow human beings. 即使我们已经知晓事情如何发生而且谁将为此负责,我们也永远不可能理解纠究竟是何作祟致使任何人恐吓他们的同胞。Such evil is senseless—beyond reason. 这样的罪恶毫无意义——而且超越理智。But while we will never know fully what causes someone to take the life of another, we do know what makes that ife worth living.但我们永远不会理解是什么完全导致一个人去取他人生命,我们知道的是什么让生命有了价值。The people we lost in Aurora loved, and were loved. 我们在奥罗拉失去的这些人曾经爱着,而且被爱着。They were mothers and fathers; husbands and wives; sisters and brothers; sons and daughters; friends and neighbors. 他们曾经是父母,夫妻,兄弟,儿女,朋友和邻居。They had hopes for the future and dreams that were not yet fulfilled. 他们对未来的希望和梦想都还没有实现。And if theres anything to take away from this tragedy, its a reminder that life is fragile. 如果有什么从这场悲剧取走,那提醒我们的是生命是脆弱的。Our time here is limited and it is precious. 我们的时间有限,而且极其宝贵。And what matters in the end are not the small and trivial things which often consume our lives. 而且在最后重要的不是细小琐碎的事情常常消耗着我们的生命。Its how we choose to treat one another, and love one another. 而是我们如何对待彼此,彼此相爱才至关重要。Its what we do on a daily basis to give our lives meaning and to give our lives purpose. 这就是我们每天赋予我们的生活意义及目标所要去做的。Thats what matters. 这才是关键所在。Thats why were here.这就是为什么我们处于此的原因。Im sure many of you who are parents had the same reaction I did when you first heard this news:我敢肯定你们中许多为人父母的人第一次听到这个消有相同的反应:what if it had been my daughters at the theater, doing what young children enjoy doing every day? 如果是我的女儿在剧院, 每天在做着年轻孩子们喜欢做的什么会怎样?Michelle and I will be fortunate enough to hug our girls a little tighter this weekend, as Im sure you will do ith your children. 米歇尔和我在这个周末将足够幸运的紧紧的拥抱我们的女儿,我肯定你们和你们的孩子们也会如此。But for those parents who may not be so fortunate, we need to embrace them and let them know we will be there for hem as a nation.但是对于那些可能不会如此这般幸运的父母们而言,我们需要拥抱他们,让他们知道作为同一个国家,我们时刻是为了他们。This weekend I hope everyone takes some time for prayer and reflection —for the victims of this terrible tragedy,这个周末,我希望每个人都花一些时间为受害者,为这个可怕的悲剧的反应祈祷,,for the people who knew them and loved them,为认识他们,爱他们的人祈祷,for those who are still struggling to recover,为那些仍在病榻中挣扎恢复的人们祈祷,and for all the victims of the less publicized acts of violence that plague our communities on a daily basis. 而且为所有的受到宣传暴力行为较少每天困扰着我们社区的受害者们祈祷。Let us keep all these Americans in our prayers. 让我们将所有这些美国人变为我们的祈祷者。And to the people of Aurora, may the Lord bring you comfort and healing in the hard days to come.奥罗拉的人们,愿耶和华在这困难时刻带给你慰藉和些许治疗。201207/191529

  Pause for about 10 seconds.暂停了大约10 秒钟。Can I play a game, Mommy?我可以玩游戏了吗,妈妈?And I thought, thats it? And so, you know,而我想,这就完了?因为,你知道,this is the Middle Passage, this is an incredibly significant event, and shes treating it like, basically some black people went on a cruise, is more or less how it sounds to her.这是可是中央航路,这是一件难以置信的重大事件,但她看待它就像是一些黑人去参加一次乘船游览,她差不多就是这种感觉。And so, to me, I wanted more value in this, so when she asked if she could play a game, I said,Yes.对我来说,我希望其中有更多意义,所以当她问我是否可以玩游戏时,我说,可以。And so I happened to have all of these little pieces.碰巧我有很多这种小玩具。Im a game designer, so I have this stuff sitting around my house.我是一个游戏设计师,所以我家到处都是这些东西。So I said, Yeah, you can play a game, and I give her a bunch of these, and I tell her to paint them in different families. These are pictures of Maezza when she was — God, it still chokes me up seeing these.于是我说,是啊,你可以玩游戏,之后我给了她一些这种小玩具,然后我让她给他们上色表示不同的家庭成员。这些照片都是 Maezza正在—上帝,现在我看到这些依然会哽咽。So shes painting her little families.她在画她的迷你家庭成员。So then I grab a bunch of them and I put them on a boat.于是我抓起其中的一部分,把它们放在一条小船上。This was the boat. It was made quickly obviously.这就是那条小船。很明显它是个速成品。And so the basic gist of it is, I grabbed a bunch of families,所以重点是,我抓起一把玩具家人,and shes like, Mommy, but you forgot the pink baby and you forgot the blue daddy and you forgot all these other things.而她不断地念叨:妈妈,您忘了拿粉红宝宝你忘了拿蓝爸爸你忘了拿这个那个等等。And she says, They want to go. And I said,她说,他们也想要去。我说:Honey, no they dont want to go. This is the Middle Passage.不,亲爱的,他们不想去。这是中央航路。Nobody wants to go on the Middle Passage.没人愿意走中央航路。So she gave me a look that only a daughter of a game designer would give a mother,然后她看了看我,只有游戏设计师的女儿才会用这样的表情看着她妈妈and as were going across the ocean, following these rules,当我们准备“横渡大洋”,按照这些规则进行时,she realizes that shes rolling pretty high, and she says to me, Were not going to make it.她意识到这些要求太高了,她对我说我们做不到。And she realizes, you know, we dont have enough food,她意识到了,我们没有足够的粮食,and so she asks what to do, and I say,于是她问要怎么办,我回答道,Well, we can either—Remember, shes seven We can either put some people in the water or we can hope that they dont get sick and we make it to the other side.嗯,我们可以要么—请记住,她当时七岁,我们可以要么把一些人放到水中,要么我们只能希望他们一直不生病直到我们到达目的地。And she -- just the look on her face came over and she said -- now mind you this is after a month of this is Black History Month, right?她又用之前的表情看了我一眼。后来有一天—请注意,这是经过一个月的(历史熏陶)之后那个月刚好是美国黑人历史月(二月)。201602/428310

  The therapies will be improving faster than治疗法比起治疗法中存在的缺陷the remaining imperfections in the therapies are catching up with us.改进得更快。This is a very important point for me to get across.这是我想说的非常重要的一点。Because, you know, most people, when they hear因为,很多人一听到that I predict that a lot of people alive today are going to live to 1,000 or more,我推测很多现在活着的人将会活到一千或更多年以上,they think that Im saying that were going to invent therapies in the next few decades他们都在想,哦,我们将会在这几十年内发明that are so thoroughly eliminating aging延缓老化的治疗方法,that those therapies will let us live to 1,000 or more.研究如何活到一千年甚至更多的治疗方法。Im not saying that at all.我并不是这么说。Im saying that the rate of improvement of those therapies我说的只是这些延长寿命的治疗方法的will be enough.发展速度会足够使人们继续活下去。Theyll never be perfect, but well be able to fix the things这些治疗方法我想永远都不可能完美,that 200-year-olds die of, before we have any 200-year-olds.但我们将可以在还没有两百岁的人之前就研究到如何治疗两百岁的人所死于的病理因素。And the same for 300 and 400 and so on.接下来,我们就在还没有三,四百岁的人之前就研究到如何治疗三,四百岁的人所死于的因素。I decided to give this a little name,我称这为“长寿逃逸速度”,which is ;longevity escape velocity.;要逃离死亡,长寿治疗方法必有快速的发展,叫逃逸速度。Well, it seems to get the point across.这是个很容易明白的名称。So, these trajectories here are basically how we would expect people to live,这就是我们可以期待in terms of remaining life expectancy,在余下的预期寿命,as measured by their health,以他们的健康来衡量,for given ages that they were at the time that these therapies arrive.到了一定年龄,相对应的治疗就相应而出。If youre aly 100, or even if youre 80 --如果你已经100岁,或者你是80岁,and an average 80-year-old,平均80岁,we probably cant do a lot for you with these therapies,我们可能很难为您做些什么,because youre too close to deaths door因为您的时间不多了。for the really initial, experimental therapies to be good enough for you.所以最初的,实验性疗法对你已经不起作用了。You wont be able to withstand them.你将无法避免老化。But if youre only 50, then theres a chance可是,如果您才五十岁的话,that you might be able to pull out of the dive and, you know --您很有可能像我刚刚描述的那个样子摆脱了老化去世的问题。eventually get through this您不但可以活的更久些,and start becoming biologically younger in a meaningful sense,某种意义上in terms of your youthfulness, both physical and mental,你的青春,从身体和头脑上,你的生命变得更加年轻,and in terms of your risk of death from age-related causes.你死于和老化有关的病症的几率也会降低。And of course, if youre a bit younger than that,当然,如果你还不到五十岁的话,then youre never really even going您更有可能永远摆脱了老化去世的问题,to get near to being fragile enough to die of age-related causes.而不会虚弱因老化而生成的疾病死亡。So this is a genuine conclusion that I come to, that the first 150-year-old --因此,这是我得到的一个真正的结论,就是说第一位能够活到一百五十岁 –we dont know how old that person is today,我们不知道该人现在多老了,because we dont know how long its going to take因为我们不知道第一代to get these first-generation therapies.疗法要多久才会出现。But irrespective of that age,但无论是年龄,Im claiming that the first person to live to 1,000 --我声称的第一人会活到一千年的人 –subject of course, to, you know, global catastrophes --当然,排除全球性灾难 - 实际上,is actually, probably, only about 10 years younger than the first 150-year-old.大概只有比我说的那位活到一百五十岁的人年轻十岁左右。And thats quite a thought.很令人值得想一想的结论吧。Alright, so finally Im going to spend the rest of the talk,好,接下来我要用这个讲座所剩下的时间,my last seven-and-a-half minutes, on step one;我的七个半分钟来谈谈我所谓的第一个步骤,namely, how do we actually get to this moderate amount of life extension就是我们如何得到这第一批延长寿命的适中治疗,that will allow us to get to escape velocity?使我们可以达到长寿逃逸速度?And in order to do that, I need to talk about mice a little bit.而为了做到这一点,我需要说一点点关于老鼠的事。I have a corresponding milestone to robust human rejuvenation.我有一个对强健人类再生相应的里程碑,Im calling it ;robust mouse rejuvenation,; not very imaginatively.我不是很富有想象力地称它为强健老鼠再生。And this is what it is.这是什么呢?I say were going to take a long-lived strain of mouse,就是我们要采用一种长寿的老鼠,which basically means mice that live about three years on average.就等于平均可以活三年左右的老鼠。We do exactly nothing to them until theyre aly two years old.我们完全没有碰过它们,直到它们已经两岁。And then we do a whole bunch of stuff to them,然后我们对它们做了一大堆的东西,and with those therapies, we get them to live,用那些治疗方法使它们延长寿命,on average, to their fifth birthday.想办法让他们平均活到五岁。So, in other words, we add two years --因此,换句话说,我们开始把这些老鼠治疗后,添加了两年寿命 –we treble their remaining lifespan,已经是它们剩余寿命starting from the point that we started the therapies.的三倍。The question then is, what would that actually mean for the time frame接下来的问题是,到底什么时候,until we get to the milestone I talked about earlier for humans?我们讨论的这些才能用在人类身上呢?Which we can now, as Ive explained,我们现在可以,正如我已经解释过,equivalently call either robust human rejuvenation or longevity escape velocity.把它称为强健人类再生,或长寿逃逸速度。Secondly, what does it mean for the publics perception第二,从我们得到的第一只老鼠时开始,of how long its going to take for us to get to those things,公众对多久我们才能获得这些东西,starting from the time we get the mice?对这些科技的发展有什么影响?And thirdly, the question is, what will it do第三,问题是,它对多少人想要避免老化的人们起作用?to actually how much people want it?这些科技有什么影响呢?201508/392557。

  Here is a computer simulation.这是计算机模拟。And we need a way to simplify it.我们需要简化它的方法。Well, I like to think about this using an analogy.我会用一个类比来理解。If I want to understand the sinking of the Titanic,如果我想了解泰坦尼克号的沉没,the most important thing to do is not to model the little positions of every single little piece of the boat that broke off.最重要的事情不是去模拟每一片断裂的小碎片的每一个位置。The most important thing to do is to track the two biggest parts.最重要的是抓住断裂的两半船体的位置。Similarly, I can learn a lot about the universe at the largest scales by tracking its biggest pieces and those biggest pieces are clusters of galaxies.同样,我可以通过追踪宇宙的最大的部件来学到宇宙大尺度的很多信息,而这最大的部件就是星团。So, as I come to a close,现在我即将结尾,you might feel slightly cheated.你可能觉得有点受骗上当。I mean, I began by talking about how galaxy clusters are useful,我的意思是,刚开始我说星团非常有用,and Ive given some reasons,我也给了一些理由,but what is their use really?但是他们真正的用处在哪里?Well, to answer this,为了回答这个,I want to give you a e by Henry Ford when he was asked about cars.我将引用亨利·福特的一句话,当他被问到汽车时。He had this to say:If I had asked people what they wanted,they would have said faster horses.他说,如果我之前问人们他们想要什么,他们只会说更快的马。Today, we as a society are faced with many, many difficult problems.我们社会在现今面临很多很困难的问题。And the solutions to these problems are not obvious.这些问题的解决之道并不明显。They are not faster horses.解决之道不会是更快的马。They will require an enormous amount of scientific ingenuity.要解决问题,要求有非常多的科学才能。So, yes, we need to focus,是的,我们需要集中注意力,yes, we need to concentrate,我们需要专心,but we also need to remember that innovation, ingenuity, inspiration,these things come when we broaden our field of vision when we step back when we zoom out.但我们也要记得创造力、新颖的主意、灵感,这些是在我们开阔眼界时产生的,当我们退后一步,当我们把画面拉远And I cant think of a better way to do this than by studying the universe around us. Thanks.我想不出更好的办法做这件事,除了研究我们头顶的宇宙。谢谢。201512/416639

  Weve been fooled by our tool. Excuse that expression. Weve been fooled by our tool. GDP has been our hammer. And our nail has been a 19th- and 20th-century industrial-era model of success. And yet, 64 percent of the worlds GDP today is in that intangible industry we call service, the service industry, the industry Im in. And only 36 percent is in the tangible industries of manufacturing and agriculture. So maybe its time that we get a bigger toolbox, right? Maybe its time we get a toolbox that doesnt just count whats easily counted, the tangible in life, but actually counts what we most value, the things that are intangible.“我们被我们的工具所愚弄。这个表述或许不恰当,我们被我们的工具所愚弄GDP就像是我们的锤子。我们的钉子是从19世纪到20世纪的工业时代的成功模型。可是,当今世界百分之六十四的GDP是来自于不可见的,称之为务业的行业务业,我所在的行业。只有百分之三十六来自于可见的行业,制造业和农业。所以是时候我们换一个大一点的工具盒了,对吧。或者是时候我们事实上需要一个工具盒并不只能量那些很容易被量的,在生活中具体的、可以的触摸的东西,事实上能够量度那些我们最重视的那些不可度量的东西。I guess Im sort of a curious CEO. I was also a curious economics major as an undergrad. I learned that economists measure everything in tangible units of production and consumption as if each of those tangible units is exactly the same. They arent the same. In fact, as leaders, what we need to learn is that we can influence the quality of that unit of production by creating the conditions for our employees to live their calling. In Vivians case, her unit of production isnt the tangible hours she works, its the intangible difference she makes during that one hour of work.我想我是个有好奇心的CEO。我过去也只是个对充满好奇心的经济学专业本科生。我学到了经济学衡量一切可以具体化的单位生产和消费好像那些可以被具体化的单位是完全等同的一样他们是不一样的事实上,作为领导者,我们需要了解的是我们其实可以影响每个单位产量的质量通过从实际中创造条件给我们的员工去找到他们的价值从薇薇安的例子中,她的单位产量并不是可以计算的她工作的每个小时而是她所做到的那些不可触摸的区别在那一小时的工作中。201402/275781

  Thank you very, very much, President Keohane. Mrs. Gorbachev, Trustees, faculty, parents, and I should say, Julia Porter, class president, and certainly my new best friend, Christine Bicknell -- and, of course, the Class of 1990. I am really thrilled to be here today, and very excited, as I know all of you must be, that Mrs. Gorbachev could join us.These -- These are exciting times. Theyre exciting in Washington, and I have really looked forward to coming to Wellesley. I thought it was going to be fun. I never dreamt it would be this much fun. So, thank you for that.More than ten years ago, when I was invited here to talk about our experiences in the Peoples Republic of China, I was struck by both the natural beauty of your campus and the spirit of this place.Wellesley, you see, is not just a place but an idea -- an experiment in excellence in which diversity is not just tolerated, but is embraced. The essence of this spirit was captured in a moving speech about tolerance given last year by a student body president of one of your sister colleges. She related the story by Robert Fulghum about a young pastor, finding himself in charge of some very energetic children, hits upon the game called ;Giants, Wizards, and Dwarfs.; ;You have to decide now,; the pastor instructed the children, ;which you are -- a giant, a wizard, or a dwarf?; At that, a small girl tugging at his pants leg, asked, ;But where do the mermaids stand?; And the pastor tells her there are no mermaids. And she says, ;Oh yes there are -- they are. I am a mermaid.;Now this little girl knew what she was, and she was not about to give up on either her identity, or the game. She intended to take her place wherever mermaids fit into the scheme of things. ;Where do the mermaids stand? All of those who are different, those who do not fit the boxes and the pigeonholes?; ;Answer that question,; wrote Fulghum, ;And you can build a school, a nation, or a whole world.; As that very wise young woman said, ;Diversity, like anything worth having, requires effort -- effort to learn about and respect difference, to be compassionate with one another, to cherish our own identity, and to accept unconditionally the same in others.You should all be very proud that this is the Wellesley spirit. Now I know your first choice today was Alice Walker -- guess how I know! -- known for The Color Purple. Instead you got me -- known for the color of my hair. Alice Walkers book has a special resonance here. At Wellesley, each class is known by a special color. For four years the Class of 90 has worn the color purple. Today you meet on Severance Green to say goodbye to all of that, to begin a new and a very personal journey, to search for your own true colors.In the world that awaits you, beyond the shores of Waban -- Lake Waban, no one can say what your true colors will be. But this I do know: You have a first class education from a first class school. And so you need not, probably cannot, live a ;paint-by-numbers; life. Decisions are not irrevocable. Choices do come back. And as you set off from Wellesley, I hope that many of you will consider making three very special choices.The first is to believe in something larger than yourself, to get involved in some of the big ideas of our time. I chose literacy because I honestly believe that if more people could , write, and comprehend, we would be that much closer to solving so many of the problems that plague our nation and our society.And early on I made another choice, which I hope youll make as well. Whether you are talking about education, career, or service, youre talking about life -- and life really must have joy. Its supposed to be fun.One of the reasons I made the most important decision of my life, to marry George Bush, is because he made me laugh. Its true, sometimes weve laughed through our tears, but that shared laughter has been one of our strongest bonds. Find the joy in life, because as Ferris Bueller said on his day off, ;Life moves pretty fast; and ya dont stop and look around once in a while, ya gonna miss it.;(Im not going to tell George ya clapped more for Ferris than ya clapped for George.)The third choice that must not be missed is to cherish your human connections: your relationships with family and friends. For several years, youve had impressed upon you the importance to your career of dedication and hard work. And, of course, thats true. But as important as your obligations as a doctor, a lawyer, a business leader will be, you are a human being first. And those human connections --- with spouses, with children, with friends -- are the most important investments you will ever make.At the end of your life, you will never regret not having passed one more test, winning one more verdict, or not closing one more deal. You will regret time not spent with a husband, a child, a friend, or a parent.We are in a transitional period right now -- We are in a transitional period right now, fascinating and exhilarating times, learning to adjust to changes and the choices we, men and women, are facing. As an example, I remember what a friend said, on hearing her husband complain to his buddies that he had to babysit. Quickly setting him straight, my friend told her husband that when its your own kids, its not called babysitting.Now maybe we should adjust faster; maybe we should adjust slower. But whatever the era twenty -- whatever the era, whatever the times, one thing will never change: fathers and mothers, if you have children, they must come first. You must to your children, and you must hug your children, and you must love your children. Your success as a family, our success as a society, depends not on what happens in the White House, but on what happens inside your house.For over fifty years, it was said that the winner of Wellesleys annual hoop race would be the first to get married. Now they say, the winner will be the first to become a C.E.O. Both -- Both of those stereotypes show too little tolerance for those who want to know where the mermaids stand. So -- So I want to offer a new legend: the winner of the hoop race will be the first to realize her dream -- not societys dreams -- her own personal dream.And who -- Who knows? Somewhere out in this audience may even be someone who will one day follow in my footsteps, and preside over the White House as the Presidents spouse -- and I wish him well.Well, the controversy ends here. But our conversation is only beginning. And a worthwhile conversation it has been. So as you leave Wellesley today, take with you deep thanks for the courtesy and the honor you have shared with Mrs. Gorbachev and with me.Thank you. God bless you. And may your future be worthy of your dreams. /201408/321324

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