2019年12月07日 20:53:14|来源:国际在线|编辑:ask大夫
每年的6月1日是国际六一儿童节,这一天是全世界小朋友们的节日。那你知道这个节日的由来吗?常见的有2种说法,我们一起来了解下吧!第一种说法:The International Children's Day had its origin in Turkey in 1920 (April 23, 1920) and later in the World Conference in Geneva, Switzerland,which 54 representatives from different countries gathered together to convene the first "World Conference for the Wellbeing of Children" in 1925. It is not clear as to why June 1 was chosen as the International Children's Day: one theory has it that the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco (USA) gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival in 1925, which happened to be on June 1 that year, and also coincided with the conference in Geneva.最早过六一儿童节的国家是土耳其,他们在1920年就开始了。1925年,在日内瓦国际会议上,瑞士等52个国家共同召开了主题为“让孩子们更幸福全球会议。之所以把6月1日作为国际儿童节,一种说法是1925年,中国驻美国的总领事曾在旧金山领着一些中国孤儿仔庆祝端午节。那一年的端午节刚好是6月1日,发生地时间与之前的日内瓦会议相符。第二种说法:Children, also known as "June 1 International Children's Day," the annual June 1, the world of children's festivals. November 1949, the Women's International Democratic Federation council meeting held in Moscow. China and other countries and representatives of countries and anger exposed the imperialist reactionaries kill and poison children. In order to protect the world's children to survival, health and education, to improve the lives of children. The meeting decided in the annual June 1 International Children's Day. The International Children's Day (ICD) is celebrated in numerous countries, usually (but not always) on June 1 each year.1942年6月,德国法西斯党卫军包围了现在捷克共和国的首都布拉格市附近的利迪策村,杀了16岁以上男性公民140多人,全部婴儿和妇女被押往集中营,另外有90名儿童被押往波兰的一个集中营(其中只有17人活到战争结束)。村里所有的房舍、建筑物均被烧毁或被铲土机夷为平地。就这样,一个好好的村庄被法西斯党卫军毁灭了。为了悼念利迪策村和全世界所有在战争中死难的儿童,反对帝国主义战争贩子虐杀、毒害儿童,保障儿童的权利,1949年11月在苏联首都莫斯科召开的国际民主妇女联合会理事会通过一项决议,正式决定每年的6月1日为全世界儿童的节日,即"六一"国际儿童节。目前世界上不少国家将6月1日定为儿童的节日,称为"国际儿童节"。然而,在欧美国家,儿童节的日期各不相同,而且往往很少举行社会公众性的庆祝活动。06/72320Microsoft Yahoo break silence Microsoft, Yahoo are reportedly talking for the first time since Yahoo rejected Microsoft's takeover offer in January. Another headline for Yahoo and Microsoft this time, the wall street journal reporting that executives from Microsoft and Yahoo met on Monday to discuss options after of course Yahoo rejected that nearly 42 billion-dollar takeover bid from Microsoft last month.Let's take a look at the numbers here, Microsoft and Yahoo both trade in to the downside right now as you've seen that downturn of the broader market. Take a look here at Microsoft, and also wanna take a look at the numbers here for Yahoo. This is when that bid came in, that was a 42 billion dollar bid, it was at a 62% premium at the time that came on January 31st, shares just popped. And they've really managed to hold on to their gains since then.Also, a representative over at Yahoo that we reached out to not commenting at all on this report, but again, this is what the journal is saying that executives have met to discuss what a combination between Microsoft and Yahoo would potentially look like. There are reportedly no further talks scheduled, but this is the first time that the two camps have met since the breakdown in communication after that offer was rejected, of course, Jerry Yang and his board over at Yahoo, rejecting that offer, saying they thought it, e, undervalued.Yahoo, keep in mind there've been a number of rumors since then, circulating about whether anyone is gonna take Yahoo over and if so, who ?There were reports that CNN's parent company, Time Warner might try to tie up AOL with Yahoo. Other reports out that Rupert Murdoch and his news corp. are potentially interested in tying up Myspace with Yahoo, of course none of that really flushed out, but now the newest results in this is that reported meeting on Monday again between Yahoo and Microsoft executives that have been stated in the wall street journal, You can catch a lot more of this and all the developments right on our website here.Notes:Tie up: secure with or as if with ropes01/60203当地时间4月1日上午,美国总统奥巴马和夫人米歇尔抵达唐宁街10号首相府,与英国首相布朗会面。当被记者问及美国是否应该对当前的经济危机负有责任,奥巴马表示,他宁愿向前看,不愿向后看。他对美国的经济体制毫不担心。但就在二十国集团金融峰会即将召开前夕,法国总统萨科齐发出威胁,称如果G20金融峰会不能制定更为严格的全球金融市场规则,他有可能退出峰会,同时,奥巴马说各国之间的分歧被夸大了。The president says no one country can fix the economic crisis.Speaking just hours before the start of the G20 meeting of major economies, Mr. Obama stressed the need for all participants to seek common ground. "I am absolutely confident that this meeting will reflect enormous consensus about the need to work together to deal with these problems," said Mr. Obama.Tension precedes summit startBut there are signs of tension, as the G20 summit prepares to begin its work in London. Some countries are blaming the ed States for sparking the economic crisis through the deregulation of its financial sector- a move that led to a credit crunch and sparked an economic recession.The president says the ed States has made mistakes, but so too did other countries whose regulatory systems could not keep pace with a changing financial scene. He says it is time to look for solutions."At this point, I am less interested in identifying blame, than in fixing the problem," he said.President says differences are overstatedAt home, Mr. Obama has focused on government spending to jump-start the economy and he was expected to urge other nations to take similar steps at the economic summit.France and Germany have balked at such action, saying the emphasis should be on regulatory reform. French President Nicholas Sarkozy even told an interviewer that he might walk out of the summit, if nations fail to agree on stricter regulation of global financial markets.Brown predicts no walkoutsPresident Obama says reports of differences are overstated. And, Prime Minister Brown predicts no one will walk away from the summit and its important work."I am confident President Sarkozy will not be here for the first course of our dinner, but will still be sitting as we complete our dinner this evening," said Mr. Brown.Mr. Brown says everyone knows the stakes are high."Never before has the world come together in this way to talk about an economic crisis," he said. " Any of the crises we have seen since the second World War, you have not had this level of international cooperation."Obama agenda packed on first overseas tripOn his first European tour as president, Barack Obama is seeking cooperation on both the economic and security front as he holds bilateral talks on the sidelines of the London summit.His discussions with Gordon Brown also covered the new American strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, Iran and the search for Middle East peace.At their joint news conference, Mr. Obama also talked about efforts to control the sp of nuclear weapons - an issue that is topping the agenda for his discussions here with Russian President Dmitri Medvedev. 04/66242

U.S. President Barack Obama says to support economic growth, the government has to be willing to cut spending. He says lawmakers should lead by cutting back federal spending on local projects.美国总统奥巴马表示,为了持经济增长,政府必须缩减开。他说,议员们应当成为榜样,在地区性项目上减少联邦出。President Obama's weekly address to the nation comes as he concludes a trip to Asia aimed at opening up new, fast-growing markets for American products. He notes that the economic competition is fierce.奥巴马总统在结束亚洲行之际发表每周例行讲话。他到亚洲访问的目的是使新兴国家迅速增长的市场向美国产品打开大门。他指出,经济竞争是激烈的。"But as I've said many times, America doesn't play for second place," said President Obama. "The future we're fighting for isn't as the world's largest importer, consuming products made elsewhere, but as the world's largest manufacturer of ideas and goods sold around the world."他说:“但是正如我多次提及的那样,美国不甘屈居第二。我们所争取的未来并不是成为世界最大的进口国、消费在其它地方制造的产品,而是成为世界上产生理念与产品的最大的国家。”The U.S. president says in order to make the most of economic growth, the U.S. must reduce its budget deficit and cut spending.奥巴马总统说,为了尽快达到经济增长,美国必须减少财政赤字和减少出。The Republican opposition has repeatedly accused the administration of overspending. That message helped Republicans trounce President Obama's Democratic Party in recent Congressional elections.共和党反对派多次指责奥巴马出过度。这帮助了共和党人在最近的国会选举中战胜奥巴马的民主党。Now, the President says he is calling on Democratic and Republican lawmakers to show they are serious about reform, and to stop funding projects in their own local districts through so-called "earmarks" inserted into federal spending bills.现在,奥巴马正在呼吁民主党和共和党议员表现出他们对于改革的认真态度,停止为自己本地区的项目提供“指定用途资金”来增加联邦出。201011/118285

Google's answer to the iPhone The first Android-powered phone aims to take market share from Apple and boost Google's search ad revenue. Well, it’s official, the so-called Google-phone is coming to T-Mobile stores nationwide starting Oct.22ndHere is what it is. The phone is actually isn’t manufactured by Google’s going to be made by a company called HTC, but it does run on an operating system that was developed by Google called Engerroom. This is an open operating system which means that it makes very easy for developer secret all sorts of mobile applications for the device.It’s called G1, not just the Google phone any more, and it is going to sell for 179 dollars through T-Mobile, with the 2-year service plan, of course. It’s a smart phone, it’s, it’s also got a touch screen, whether plug keyboard for typing, and it’s going to have bilten wire file, builten GPS, a lot of this in the features that is becoming pretty standard smart phones these days. But the real question on everybody’s minds here is how does the G1 stock up to be iphone? A lot of comparisons are aly being made between the two, and although they have a lot of common, they also have a lot of differences. For example, Google’s device G1 is an open platform and applications are going to be very easy for developers to get. To consumers, they do not have to go to any kind of review process with Google was the Iphone developers have to firstly approved by Apple to get their applications out there. Apple also takes a cut of all the revenues where Google does not, with its applications. But beyond the similarities and differences, their, their strategies are not the same here. Em, Apple’s really been pushing this one device Iphone was Google’s pushing a platform which it hopes to go around the cross, thousands of different devices across multiple carriers and multiple markets. Google’s real goal here is to drive traffic on mobile devices. They want people using the web on their cell phones, so automatically, if the iphone succeeds, or if other smart phone succeeds, that’s good for Google’s business too. So is this going to be the next iphone killer? Well, probably not, but does that really matter to Google’s overall strategy? Maybe not. 200810/54336

Female drink offences soarThe number of women being arrested for drunk and disorderly (Damp;D) offences has soared by up to 1,000 per cent in parts of Britain.Welcome back .Free drinks, special offers in club, price happy hours, it's all feeling a massive increase in binge drinking amongst young women. New figures obtained by this program show the number of women arrested for being drunk and disorderly has soared by up to 1000% in some places. Now one chief cause of all called for a complete ban on its county drinks and alcohol advertising in an effort to tackle it all. Our North England Correspondent Nick Martin has been out on the streets of New Castle upon time to see just how bad it gets. It's only a Wednesday night, but the bars and the night clubs are filling up. This is New Castle ,the city with a reputation for a good night-out. Most of people here will have a harmless midweek drink. But it won't turn out that way for others. Figures obtained by Channel 4 News have revealed a change in women's behavior when it comes to a night on the tiles. They appeared to show that women are getting into more trouble with the police than ever before. We asked all the police forces in the UK to give us figures on the number of women they had arrested for being drunk and disorderly in the past five years. 38 forces responded to the survey, 21 of them had directly comparable figures.The West Midlands recorded the biggest rise--arrests there have got from just 59 in 2003, 2004 to more than 10 times that this year when 731 women were arrested .In Gwent South Wales there has been a 7-fold increase over five years from 28 arrests to 190. Leicestershire recorded just 14 arrests in 2003/4, but the most recent figure showed that the number has risen to nearly 80. Over Cheshire the earliest figure comes from 2005/6 when 85 women were arrested.And in just 3 years,that number has more than doubled to 200. And in Northumbria,the region with the most arrests each year, the number has increased by nearly 700, 1414 in 2003/4 to more than 2000 this year. Here in New Castle, for example, the police are concerned.They know and have them for some period of time now that womenn are drinking as much if not more than men on the average night out. But what these figures appear to show is that more and more women aren't leaving and going home in a taxi or on the late bus. But in a police van like this; the police say they want changes; the pops say they've made those changes, and the contest just wants another drink, it's a kind of stalemate. I would not rely on, oh on the private sector just self-regulate prices. I think there should be some emendation around prices that takes it or makes it extremely difficult to drink to access. I also think that the advertising on alcohol should simply not be allowed. It is midnight and signs that some have had too much to drink. The leisure industry denies that it is wholly responsible for this convert behavior, but accepts that drinks are cheaper because competition is higher. We are seeing many more people arriving on our businesses aly drunk, having consumed alcohol at home. It's a fact we have to face this. The government asked us to face it. The police authorities have to face it. And We have to face it. It's an industry that supermarkets are selling alcohol below local price and this is fueling the problem. The fact is that no one really knows who is fueling the problem of excessive drinking on Britain streets. But the figures appear to show that women are playing a bigger part than they ever have before. They mark around the big market and in the statement tight the home office told us responsible drinking is something we must all take responsibility for and losing control through excessive drinking is no excuse for anti-social behavior and violence. Overall, alcohol-related violence has fallen by around a third since 1995 and we are not complacent. We are launching this summer a multi-million pound publicity campaign to help prevent the harms that irresponsible drinking can cause to communities and individuals.200811/55170

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