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Transcript of Prime Minister's broadcast on education - 17 November 2000 How well our children do at school is vital, of course, to the youngsters themselves and their families. A good start at school, a good education, makes a huge difference to children's chances in later life. But the quality of education our children receive also matters to the country as a whole - because our future economic success and prosperity depends on it. In this new century, more than ever before, the raw material that counts is the talent and skills of our people. So to succeed, we need to make sure that everyone gets the chance to make the most of that potential. It's for these reasons that we made education our number one priority. And we have backed that pledge with record and sustained investment. It is investment which can only be afforded now and in future years because of the tough decisions taken to bring long-term stability to our economy. The importance of education to our children and our country is why I was so pleased this week to hear of the steady progress taking place in our secondary schools. The latest performance tables highlight the continued and welcome improvements in overall standards. It's particularly good news that we have seen better than average improvements in secondary schools in some of our inner-city areas. Many inner city schools now have programmes for bright children, extra staff to cope with those with problems and more backing to improve discipline. And they show how the policies that David Blunkett has targeted at those communities with some of the greatest problems, are paying off. But while I'm pleased that Government policies are playing their part in these improvements, the real hard work has been done by the pupils, parents and, of course, teachers. It's the thousands of dedicated teachers, day in day out in classrooms up and down the country, who are making the difference. And these results show just what can be achieved by committed teachers and their pupils, supported by effective national strategies and investment. The results also build on the dramatic improvements we have aly seen in our primary schools. Here the introduction of the numeracy and literacy hours have helped teachers ensure their pupils have a better grip on the basics. So successful have these dedicated lessons proved - and so popular have they proved with teachers - that we are now extending them to the early years in secondary schools. They will particularly help those children who leave primary school without reaching the standards in ing, writing and maths expected for their age. pound;82 million more has been allocated by David Blunkett, whose leadership has played such a vital role in improving standards, to give secondary teachers the support and the tools they need to adapt the literacy and numeracy strategies for their pupils. Our secondary schools then can improve just like our primary schools. So, pupils, parents and teachers have real reason for pride. But there's no room for complacency. We need to keep improving standards. We need to keep working so that the standards in our best comprehensive schools - like Thomas Telford School in Shropshire where every pupil achieved five or more A* to C grades in their GCSE exams last year - become the norm. We've aly greatly expanded specialist schools like this. Within four years, nearly 30 per cent of all secondaries will have a specialism in technology, languages, arts and sports. We need to keep working so that the progress witnessed in these schools - whose results are improving at 50 per cent more than the average level - then help drive up standards across all secondaries. Pupils can't bring about these improvements on their own. Nor can teachers, parents or the Government. It needs us all to continue working together to deliver the results we want. It's important we succeed - for the future of our children and for our country. 200705/13285Speaking from a UPS customer center as part of the new public-private Green Fleet Partnership, the President discusses his Blueprint for a Secure Energy Future to help free us from oil and boost the American economy.Download Video: mp4 (151MB) | mp3 (4MB) 201104/130607

%[V)RvUW3_Yz(_SImaF)VYTtk9It was obvious that their minds were made up in advance. Those who recall the fumbling and groping that followed President Johnsons dramatic disclosure of his intention not to seek another term have seen these men in a genuine state of nonpreparedness. This was not it.One commentator twice contradicted the Presidents statement about the exchange of correspondence with Ho Chi Minh. Another challenged the Presidents abilities as a politician. A third asserted that the President was following a Pentagon line. Others, by the expressions on their faces, the tone of their questions, and the sarcasm of their responses, made clear their sharp disapproval.To guarantee in advance that the Presidents plea for national unity would be challenged, onenetwork trotted out Averell Harriman for the occasion. Throughout the Presidents address, he waited in the wings. When the President concluded, Mr. Harriman recited perfectly.GVuGQ6st!@Nf3^SxB((20B9(R69@7o^y]#r#9RBVM[-9~d,o2N2B@c201202/170711

THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. One of the most important jobs of any President is to find good men and women to lead government agencies, preside over our courts, and provide vital services to the American people. So I have nominated talented individuals for these positions. Unfortunately, the Senate is not meeting its responsibility to consider these nominees in a timely manner. More than 180 of my nominees are waiting for confirmation. Some have been waiting for more than a year. As a result, careers have been put on hold, families have been placed in limbo, and our government has been deprived of the service of these fine nominees. On Thursday I stood with many of these nominees at the White House. They are decent and talented people. The Senate needs to confirm them to address important issues, from the economy to public safety to national security. One of the most important institutions for America's economy is the Federal Reserve. The Fed decides monetary policy, and it sets key interest rates that have an impact on homeowners and businesses across our country. Yet the Senate has been delaying three of my nominations to the Fed for nearly 9 months. My nominees have valuable experience and skills, and I urge the Senate to confirm them as soon as possible. Another important institution is the Federal Aviation Administration. The FAA plays a vital role in keeping you safe when you fly. In October I nominated Bobby Sturgell to lead the FAA. Bobby has nearly 20 years of cockpit experience from his time as a Navy fighter pilot, Top Gun instructor, and commercial airline pilot. He's committed to addressing problems that have caused airline delays, and I urge senators to put politics aside and confirm him to office. In this time of war, we need a strong Department of Justice. Yet the Senate has not voted on nominations for seven senior leadership positions at the department. One of those vacancies is for Deputy Attorney General. The Deputy Attorney General helps lead efforts to detect and prevent terrorist attacks at home. I've selected an outstanding nominee for this position: Judge Mark Filip. This former prosecutor has earned a reputation for being fair-minded and dedicated. Several years ago the Senate confirmed him unanimously for a lifetime position on the Federal bench. Now I ask senators to confirm him once again so he can help keep our nation safe. As senators confirm these nominees, they must also confirm judges to the Federal bench. I have nominated highly qualified individuals who will rule by the letter of the law, not the whim of the gavel. Unfortunately, the Senate continues to delay votes for 28 of my judicial nominees. Three of my nominees for the Court of Appeals have waited nearly 600 days. These delays are irresponsible, they undermine the cause of justice, and I call on the ed States Senate to give these nominees the up or down vote they deserve. When men and women agree to serve in public office, we should treat them with respect and dignity, and that means giving them a prompt confirmation vote. When the Senate fails to give nominees a timely vote, it leaves important positions in our government vacant, and it makes it harder for Presidents of both parties to attract good men and women to serve in these vital posts. By working together, Republicans and Democrats can chart a better course. We can bring every nomination to the floor for a vote, and give the American people the kind of public servants they deserve. Thank you for listening. 200806/40922


  REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENTIN TOWH HALL MEETING ON HEALTH CARESouthwest High SchoolGreen Bay, Wisconsin12:07 P.M. CDTTHE PRESIDENT: Thank you, Green Bay. (Applause.) It's good to see you. Thank you. It is great to be back in Green Bay. (Applause.) We are hoping that both the Packers and the Bears do better this year. (Applause.) Come on, we can bring everybody together.I want to make just a few acknowledgments; we've got some wonderful special guests here today. First of all, can everybody please give Laura a huge round of applause for sharing her story? (Applause.) I want to thank our hosts, Principal Brian Davis and his beautiful family, and Superintendent Gregg Maass, please gives them a big round of applause. (Applause.) Your outstanding governor, Jim Doyle, is here; give him a big round of applause. (Applause.) Lieutenant Governor Barbara Lawton is here, give Barbara a big round of applause. (Applause.) Congressman Steve Kagen is here, Congressman. (Applause.) Your own Mayor, Jim Schmitt. (Applause.) And Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett is here as well. (Applause.)I want to thank all the tribal leaders of Wisconsin who are with us here today. (Applause.) And they couldn't be with us, but I want to acknowledge the great leadership that you're getting in the ed States Senate from Herb Kohl and Russ Feingold, give them a big round of applause. (Applause.)This is a town hall meeting, but if you don't mind I want to make a few comments at the outset, sort of to frame the discussion, and then we'll get to the fun part and you guys can bombard me with questions.As I said, I want to thank Southwest High School for hosting us. (Applause.) I especially want to thank Laura for sharing her story. It takes courage to do that and it takes even more courage to battle a disease like cancer with such grace and determination, and I know her family is here and they're working and fighting with her every inch of the way.Laura’s story is incredibly moving. But sadly, it's not unique. Every day in this country, more and more Americans are forced to worry about not just getting well, but whether they can afford to get well. Millions more wonder if they can afford the routine care necessary to stay well. Even for those who have health insurance, rising premiums are straining family budgets to the breaking point -- premiums that have doubled over the last nine years, and have grown at a rate three times faster than wages. Let me repeat that: Health care premiums have gone up three times faster than wages have gone up. So desperately needed procedures and treatments are put off because the price is too high. And all it takes is a single illness to wipe out a lifetime of savings.Now, employers aren’t faring any better. The cost of health care has helped leave big corporations like GM and Chrysler at a competitive disadvantage with their foreign counterparts. For small businesses, it’s even worse. One month, they’re forced to cut back on health care benefits. The next month, they've got to drop coverage. The month after that, they have no choice but to start laying off workers.For the government, the growing cost of Medicare and Medicaid is the biggest threat to our federal deficit, bigger than Social Security, bigger than all the investments that we've made so far. So if you're worried about spending and you're worried about deficits, you need to be worried about the cost of health care.We have the most expensive health care system in the world, bar none. We spend almost 50 percent more per person on health care than the next most expensive nation -- 50 percent more. But here's the thing, Green Bay: We're not any healthier for it; we don't necessarily have better outcomes. Even within our own country, there are a lot of the places where we spend less on health care, but actually have higher quality than places where we spend more. And it turns out Green Bay is a good example. Right here in Green Bay, you get more quality out of fewer health care dollars than many other communities across this country. (Applause.) That's something to be proud of. I want to repeat that: You spend less; you have higher quality here in Green Bay than in many parts of the country. But across the country, spending on health care keeps on going up and up and up -- day after day, year after year.I know that there are millions of Americans who are happy, who are content with their health care coverage -- they like their plan, they value their relationship with their doctor. And no matter how we reform health care, I intend to keep this promise: If you like your doctor, you'll be able to keep your doctor; if you like your health care plan, you'll be able to keep your health care plan. (Applause.)So don't let people scare you. If you like what you've got, we're not going to make you change. But in order to preserve what's best about our health care system, we have to fix what doesn't work. For we've reached the point where doing nothing about the cost of health care is no longer an option. The status quo is unsustainable. If we don't act, and act soon to bring down costs, it will jeopardize everybody's health care. If we don't act, every American will feel the consequences in higher premiums -- which, by the way, means lower take-home pay, because it's not as if those costs are all borne by your employer; that's money that could have gone to giving you a raise -- in lost jobs and shuttered businesses, in a rising number of uninsured and a rising debt that our children and their children will be paying off for decades. If we do nothing, within a decade we will be spending one out of every we earn on health care. And in 30 years, we'll be spending one out of every we earn on health care. And that's untenable. It's unacceptable. I will not allow it as President of the ed States. (Applause.)Health care reform is not something I just cooked up when I took office. Sometimes I hear people say, he's taking on too much, why is he -- I'm not doing this because I don't have enough to do. (Laughter.) We need health care reform because it's central to our economic future. It's central to our long-term prosperity as a nation. In past years and decades there may have been some disagreement on this point, but not anymore. Today, we've aly built an unprecedented coalition of people who are y to reform our health care system: physicians and health insurers; businesses and workers; Democrats and Republicans.A few weeks ago, some of these groups committed to doing something that would've been unthinkable just a few years ago: They promised to work together to cut national health care spending by trillion over the next decade. And that will bring down costs. It will bring down premiums. That's exactly the kind of cooperation we need.But the question now is how do we finish the job? How do we permanently bring down costs and make quality, affordable health care available to every single American? And my view is that reform should be guided by a simple principle: We will fix what's broken and we build on what works. (Applause.)In some cases there's broad agreement on the steps we should take. So in our Recovery Act that we aly passed -- hey, buddy -- my guy in the cap, he was waving at me. (Laughter and applause.) In the Recovery Act, we've aly made investments in health IT -- that's information technologies -- and electronic medical records that will reduce medical errors, save lives, save money, and still ensure privacy. We also need to invest in prevention and wellness programs to help Americans live longer and healthier lives. (Applause.)But the real cost savings will come from changing the incentives of a system that automatically equates expensive care with better care. We've got to move from addressing -- we've got to address flaws that increase profits but don't actually increase the quality of care for patients.We have to ask why places like Geisinger Health systems in rural Pennsylvania, or Intermountain Health in Salt Lake City, or communities like Green Bay can offer high-quality care at costs well below average, but other places in America can't. We need to identify the best practices across the country, learn from the successes, and then duplicate those successes everywhere else.06/73993。

  THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. I'm speaking to you today from the Mile High Coffee Shop in Englewood, Colorado. Mile High Coffee was founded by Brian Verbeck who is the city's entrepreneur of the year. I'm here to have a cup of his famous coffee, and have breakfast with a group of local entrepreneurs to discuss our strong and growing economy. Yesterday, we received more good news about our economy. The national unemployment rate has dropped to 4.4 percent. It's the lowest rate in more than five years. Over the past three months, America has added 470,000 new jobs, for a total of more than 6.8 million new jobs since August of 2003. Real wages rose 2.4 percent over the past year, which means an extra ,327 for the typical family of four with two wage earners. Americans are finding jobs, and they're taking home more pay. The main reason for our growing economy is that we cut taxes and left more money in the hands of families and workers and small business owners. Entrepreneurs like the ones I'm having breakfast with this morning have put that money to good use. They expanded their businesses and they're creating jobs in their communities. One of the entrepreneurs with me today is Duke Hanson, the cofounder of a company called Crocs. Crocs produces a hugely popular line of lightweight shoes, and over the past three years, they've expanded dramatically. Three years ago, Crocs had just 11 employees. Today, Crocs provides jobs for hundreds of Americans, and his shoes are sold all over the world. Duke calls this, "rocket ship growth." Here's what he says: "We're bringing a lot of money in. We're employing people and providing a product that millions of people love." Another entrepreneur with me today is Rich Lewis. Rich is the founder, president, and CEO of a technology company called RTL-Networks. Rich's company sells and maintains computer network hardware and infrastructure. His business is growing, as well. Over the past four years, RTL-Networks has expanded from one to 19 employees. Rich says, "We've been growing. I feel more secure now as an entrepreneur and business owner, and I see continued growth." A third entrepreneur with me today is Luke Schmieder. He's the chairman and CEO and cofounder of Mesa Labs. His company sells kidney dialysis products, electronic measuring instruments, and biological indicators, which means they use technology to meet people's health care needs. His company got off to a rough start, until Luke mortgaged his house to turn things around. In the past six years the company has grown 34 percent. Luke says, "Revenues are up, earnings are up. I say it's a good economy right now." Our tax cuts have helped businesses like these create jobs and deliver prosperity across Colorado and across the nation. Yet Democrats in Washington have consistently opposed cutting taxes. They predicted that the tax cuts would not create jobs, would not increase wages, and would cause the federal deficit to explode. American workers and entrepreneurs have proved all those predictions wrong. But the Democrats are still determined to raise taxes. And if they gain control of the Congress they can do so without lifting a finger. Under current law, many of the tax cuts we passed have to be renewed by Congress or they will expire. In other words, if Congress fails to act your taxes will automatically go up. If Democrats take control of the House, the committee in charge of all the tax legislation would be chaired by a Democrat who recently said he can't think of one of our tax cuts he would extend. And if there's no legislation to renew and extend the tax cuts, every tax rate will go back up to its old higher level. Think what that would mean for the small business owners like the ones with me today. If the Democrats have their way, small business owners like Rich Lewis, who pay business taxes at individual rates, will see their taxes go up. Small business owners who want to expand and invest in new equipment will face a tax hike, as well. And small business owners who hope to pass on their life's work to their children and grandchildren will have to worry about their families being hit by the return of the death tax. The choice you make on Tuesday will have a direct impact on our economy, on the small businesses that are creating jobs, and on the workers who depend on them. The last thing American families and small businesses need now is a higher tax bill, and that is what you'll get if the Democrats take control of the Congress. America needs leaders in Washington who understand that you know how to save, spend, and invest your money better than the federal government. And we need leaders who will work to make the tax relief we delivered permanent. And now the decision is in your hands, and however you decide, I urge you to get out and vote on Tuesday. I appreciate you listening. 200703/10772

  Society must see to it that it does not itself crush or weaken or damage its own constituent parts.社会自身要保不削弱,不损坏其组成部分本身。The first duty of law is to keep sound the society it serves.法律的首要义务就是要保社会功能。Sanitary laws, pure food laws, and laws determining conditions of labor which individuals are powerless to determine for themselves卫生法,食品法等法律决定了工作情况,个人是决定不了这些的,are intimate parts of the very business of justice and legal efficiency.这些也是司法和法律效力的重要组成部分。These are some of the things we ought to do, and not leave the others undone, the old-fashioned,这是我们要做的,不要有未完成的事情,never-to-be-neglected, fundamental safeguarding of property and of individual right.我要丢弃旧传统,维护财产以及个人权益。This is the high enterprise of the new day: To lift everything that concerns our life as a Nation这是新时期的崇高事业:解决所有问题,to the light that shines from the hearthfire of every mans conscience and vision of the right.点燃所有民众内心的良知,为树立正确方向点燃希望。It is inconceivable that we should do this as partisans; it is inconceivable we should do it in ignorance of the facts as they are or in blind haste.如果各党派人士以党派利益优先,如果对漫无目的置之不理,想要完成此项任务难如登天,We shall restore, not destroy.我们要做的是恢复,而非损坏。We shall deal with our economic system as it is and as it may be modified, not as it might be if we had a clean sheet of paper to write upon;我们应照原样处理经济体制问题,如果我们有纸可以写的话,那将不会是原来的样子;and step by step we shall make it what it should be, in the spirit of those who question their own wisdom and seek counsel and knowledge,我们将一步步让它回到正确轨道上来,以质疑自己,寻求知识和劝谏为精神先导,not shallow self-satisfaction or the excitement of excursions whither they can not tell.不要陷入自我满足,或是掉进未知路途中而不能自拔。Justice, and only justice, shall always be our motto.公正是我们的唯一座右铭。And yet it will be no cool process of mere science.在科学的道路上没有一帆风顺。The Nation has been deeply stirred, stirred by a solemn passion, stirred by the knowledge of wrong,庄严肃穆,对事物的错误认知,对理想的迷茫,of ideals lost, of government too often debauched and made an instrument of evil.政府的放纵堕落时常成为邪恶的工具,这些曾让国家动荡不堪。The feelings with which we face this new age of right and opportunity sweep across our heartstrings like some air out of Gods own presence,面对新时期,公正与机遇如上帝之灵挥洒在人们心间,where justice and mercy are reconciled and the judge and the brother are one.公正和和仁慈握手言和,法官与兄弟亲如一家。We know our task to be no mere task of politics but a task which shall search us through and through,我们的任务不仅仅是政治问题,而是要经历一次次的洗礼,whether we be able to understand our time and the need of our people, whether we be indeed their spokesmen and interpreters,无论我们是否了解这个时代,无论是否了解人民疾苦,无论我们是他们的发言人还是阐释者,whether we have the pure heart to comprehend and the rectified will to choose our high course of action.也无论我们是否真的用心理解,还是选择崇高的理想和事业。This is not a day of triumph; it is a day of dedication. Here muster, not the forces of party, but the forces of humanity.今天不是胜利的一天;而是奋发图强,投身事业的一天。今天召集的不是一群人,而是全体人民的力量。Mens hearts wait upon us; mens lives hang in the balance; mens hopes call upon us to say what we will do.人们在等待着我们;民众命运还悬而未决;人民希望国家向他们下定决心。Who shall live up to the great trust? Who dares fail to try?我们不能让民众失望,难道谁敢这样做吗?I summon all honest men, all patriotic, all forward-looking men, to my side.我呼吁所有诚实民众,所有爱国者,所有一往无前的广大民众。God helping me, I will not fail them, if they will but counsel and sustain me!愿上帝帮助我,如果他们持我,建言献策,我也将不会让他们失望。02/444788演讲文本US President's speech on energy (April 16,2005) THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. American families and small businesses across the country are feeling the pinch from rising gas prices. If you're trying to meet a family budget or a payroll, even a small change at the pump can have a big impact. America's prosperity depends on reliable, affordable and secure sources of energy. And today our energy needs are growing faster than our domestic sources are able to provide. Demand for electricity has grown more than 17 percent in the past decade, while our transmission ability lags behind. And we continue to import more than one-half of our domestic oil supply. In the coming days and weeks I'll talk more about what we need to do in Washington to make sure America has an energy policy that reflects the demands of a new century. The first order of business is for Congress to pass an energy bill. Next week Congress begins debate on energy legislation and they need to send me a bill that meets four important objectives: First, the energy bill must encourage the use of technology to improve conservation. We must find smarter ways to meet our energy needs, and we must encourage Americans to make better choices about energy consumption. We must also continue to invest in research, so we will develop the technologies that would allow us to conserve more and be better stewards of the environment. Second, the energy bill must encourage more production at home in environmentally sensitive ways. Over the past three years, America's energy consumption has increased by about 4 percent, while our domestic energy production has decreased by about 1 percent. That means more of our energy is coming from abroad. To meet our energy needs and strengthen our national security we must make America less dependent on foreign sources of energy. Third, the energy bill must diversify our energy supply by developing alternative sources of energy like ethanol or biodiesel. We need to promote safe, clean nuclear power. And to create more energy choices, Congress should provide tax credits for renewable power sources such as wind, solar, and landfill gas. We must also continue our clean coal technology projects so that we can use the plentiful source of coal in an environmentally friendly way. The bill must also support pollution-free cars and trucks, powered by hydrogen fuel cells instead of gasoline. Finally, the energy bill must help us find better, more reliable ways to deliver energy to consumers. In some parts of the country, our transmission lines and pipelines are decades older than the homes and businesses they supply. Many of them are increasingly vulnerable to events that can interrupt and shut down power in entire regions of the country. We must modernize our infrastructure to make America's energy more secure and reliable. Every source of power that we use today started with the power of human invention, and those sources have served us well for decades. Now it's time to apply our knowledge and technology to keep the American Dream alive in this new century. There is nothing America cannot achieve when we put our mind to it. And I urge Congress to work out its differences and pass an energy bill that will help make America safer and more prosperous for the years to come. Thank you for listening. 200603/5039演讲文本President Bush announces nomination of Condoleezza Rice as Secretary of State (November 16,2004) U.S. President George W. Bush listens to National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice speak after Bush nominated her to replace Colin Powell as Secretary of State, November 16, 2005. (Reuters) Listen to the story:US PRESIDENT Bush: Good afternoon. I'm pleased to announce my nomination of Dr. Condoleezza Rice to be America's Secretary of State. Condi Rice is aly known to all Americans, and to much of the world. During the last four years I've relied on her counsel, benefited from her great experience and appreciated her sound and steady judgment. And now I'm honored that she has agreed to serve in my Cabinet. The Secretary of State is America's face to the world. And in Dr. Rice, the world will see the strength, the grace and the decency of our country. Both Condi and I have been proud to serve with our friend, Secretary of State Colin Powell. He has been one of the most effective and admired diplomats in America's history. Secretary Powell has helped to rally the world in a global war, has helped to resolve dangerous regional conflicts; he's helped to confront the desperate challenges of hunger, poverty and disease. He has been tireless and selfless and principled, and our entire nation is grateful for his lifetime of service. I'm also grateful that Steve Hadley has agreed to become my new National Security Advisor. Steve served Presidents Nixon, Ford and Bush before me, and he has done a superb job as Dr. Rice's deputy during these past four years. Steve is a man of wisdom and good judgment. He has earned my trust and I look forward to his continued vital service on my national security team. When confirmed by the Senate, Condoleezza Rice will take office at a critical time for our country. We're a nation at war; we're leading a large coalition against a determined enemy; we're putting in place new structures and institutions to confront outlaw regimes, to oppose proliferation of dangerous weapons and materials, and to break up terror networks. The ed States has undertaken a great calling of history to aid the forces of reform and freedom in the broader Middle East so that that region can grow in hope, instead of growing in anger. We're pursuing a positive direction to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict, an approach that honors the peaceful aspirations of the Palestinian people through a democratic state, and an approach that will ensure the security of our good friend, Israel. Meeting all of these objectives will require wise and skillful leadership at the Department of State, and Condi Rice is the right person for that challenge. She's a recognized expert in international affairs, a distinguished teacher and academic leader, and a public servant with years of White House experience. She displays a commitment to excellence in every aspect of her life, from shaping our strategy in the war on terror, to coordinating national security policy across the government, to performing classical music on stage. Above all, Dr. Rice has a deep, abiding belief in the value and power of liberty, because she has seen freedom denied and freedom reborn. As a girl in the segregated South, Dr. Rice saw the promise of America violated by racial discrimination and by the violence that comes from hate. But she was taught by her mother, Angelina, and her father, the Reverend John Rice, that human dignity is the gift of God, and that the ideals of America would overcome oppression. That early wisdom has guided her through life, and that truth has guided our nation to a better day. I know that the Reverend and Mrs. Rice would be filled with pride to see the daughter they raised in Birmingham, Alabama, chosen for the office first held by Thomas Jefferson. Something tells me, however, they would not be surprised. As many of you know, Condi's true ambition is beyond my power to grant. She would really like to be the commissioner of the National Football League. I'm glad she's put those plans on hold once again. The nation needs her. I urge the Senate to promptly confirm Condoleezza Rice as America's 66th Secretary of State. Congratulations. (Applause.) DR. RICE: Thank you. Thank you, Mr. President. It has been an honor and a privilege to work for you these past four years, in times of crisis, decision and opportunity for our nation. Under your leadership, America is fighting and winning the war on terror. You have marshaled great coalitions that have liberated millions from tyranny, coalitions that are now helping the Iraqi and Afghan people build democracies in the heart of the Muslim world. And you have worked to widen the circle of prosperity and progress in every corner of the world. I look forward, with the consent of the Senate, to pursuing your hopeful and ambitious agenda as Secretary of State. Mr. President, it is an honor to be asked to serve your administration and my country once again. And it is humbling to imagine succeeding my dear friend and mentor, Colin Powell. He is one of the finest public servants our nation has ever produced. Colin Powell has been a great and inspirational Secretary of State. It was my honor to serve alongside him, and he will be missed. It will, of course, be hard to leave the White House, and especially to leave behind the terrific NSC staff who have served their President and their country so ably in this most challenging of times. Yet, I can leave confident in the knowledge that they will be led by the consummate professional, a man I know and admire, my colleague and friend, Steve Hadley. Finally, let me say that in my 25 years of experience in foreign affairs, both in and out of government, I have come to know the men and women of the Department of State. I have the utmost admiration and respect for their skill, their professionalism and their dedication. If I am confirmed by the Senate, I look forward to working with the great people of the Foreign Service and the Civil Service. And one of my highest priorities as Secretary will be to ensure that they have all the tools necessary to carry American diplomacy forward in the 21st century. Mr. President, thank you again for this great opportunity, and for your continued confidence in me.200603/5021

  演讲文本US President's speech on social security(March 12,2005)THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Over the last few weeks, I have traveled across our nation and met with tens of thousands of you to discuss my plans for strengthening Social Security. I share a great responsibility with your representatives in Congress. We must fix the system permanently, so it will be there for our children and grandchildren. I have been to 15 states, and I'm just getting started. On every visit, I am assuring those of you born before 1950 that Social Security will remain the same for you; no changes. No matter what the scare ads or politicians might tell you, you will get your checks. You grandparents also understand we have got to fix the holes in this vital safety net for future generations. I appreciate the wisdom of our seniors and I welcome your input on how to strengthen the system. You younger workers know what is happening to Social Security. The present pay-as-you-go system is going broke. Huge numbers of baby boomers, like me, will be retiring soon, and we are living longer and our benefits are rising. At the same time, fewer workers will be paying into the system to support a growing number of retirees. Therefore, the government is making promises it cannot keep. Still, some folks are playing down the problem, and say we can fix it later. The fact is, we have got a serious problem and we need to fix it now. If you are in your 20s, or if you have children or grandchildren in their 20s, the idea of Social Security collapsing is no small matter, and it should not be a small matter to the Congress. In 1983, Congress enacted what they thought was a 75-year fix to save Social Security from bankruptcy. This bipartisan solution turned out to be temporary because it did not address the system's fundamental flaws. Two years later, Social Security was headed out of balance again. Now some in Washington are talking about another 75-year fix, which means we will be back to the starting line a few years from now. We do not need a band-aid solution for Social Security. We want to solve this issue now and forever. Putting off real reform makes fixing the system harder and more expensive. As one Democrat leader observed recently, "Every year we delay adds at least 0 billion to the cost of saving the system." And the Social Security trustees agree. Postponing reform will leave our children with drastic and unpleasant choices: huge tax increases that will kill jobs, massive new borrowing or sudden, painful cuts in Social Security benefits or other programs. Our children deserve better and we can give them better. I have told Congress all ideas are on the table, except raising the payroll tax rate. Some of the options available include indexing benefits to prices, rather than wages; changing the benefit formulas; raising the retirement age -- ideas Democrats and Republicans have talked about before. Whatever changes we make, we must provide a better and stronger system for younger workers. And that is why I have proposed allowing younger Americans to place some of your payroll taxes in voluntary personal retirement accounts. You would have a choice of conservative bond and stock funds, with the opportunity to earn a higher rate of return than is possible under the current system. If you earn an average of ,000 over your career, you can build up nearly a quarter-million dollars in your account, on top of your Social Security check. This would be real savings you own, a nest egg you could pass on to your children. The American people did not place us in office to pass on problems to future generations and future Presidents and future Congresses. I will work with both parties to fix Social Security permanently. Social Security has been there for generations of Americans, and together we will strengthen it for generations to come. Thank you for listening. 200603/5035President Bush Hosts Summit on Financial Markets and the World EconomyPRESIDENT BUSH: Welcome. Good afternoon. We just had a very productive summit meeting. Thinking about three weeks ago, when I was talking to President Sarkozy and Barroso at Camp David -- some of you were there -- I don't think we could have predicted then how productive and how successful this meeting would have been. The first decision I had to make was who was coming to the meeting. And obviously I decided that we ought to have the G20 nations, as opposed to the G8 or the G13. But once you make the decision to have the G20, then the fundamental question is, with that many nations, from six different continents, who all represent different stages of economic development -- would it be possible to reach agreements, and not only agreements, would it be possible to reach agreements that were substantive? And I'm pleased to report the answer to that question was, absolutely. One of the things we did, we spent time talking about the actions that we have taken. The ed States has taken some extraordinary measures. Those of you who have followed my career know that I'm a free market person -- until you're told that if you don't take decisive measures then it's conceivable that our country could go into a depression greater than the Great Depression’s. So my administration has taken significant measures to deal with a credit crisis. And then we worked with Congress to deal with the credit crisis, as well. We're beginning to see some positive results. One of the things people around the table were interested in is, are you beginning to see the results of your actions? And our credit markets are beginning to thaw, having been severely frozen; businesses are beginning to get access to short-term credit. It's going to take more time for the measures we have put in place to take hold. No question about that. As a matter of fact, we just started, for example, on the 0 billion fund to start getting money out to our banks. So it's going to take more time. But I was pleased to tell the folks around the table that the significant actions we've taken are beginning to work. All of us committed to continue to work on pro-growth economic policies. It's phrased different ways -- fiscal plans -- but the whole point was, was that we recognize that, on the one hand, there's been a severe credit crisis, and on the other hand, our economies are being hit very hard. And so there was a common understanding that all of us should promote pro-growth economic policy. We also talked about broader reforms -- so in other words, the discussions were focused on today and what we're doing about it, but what are we going to do to make sure it doesn't happen tomorrow. One of the key achievements was to establish certain principles and take certain actions for adapting our financial systems to the realities of the 21st century. Part of the regulatory structures that are in place were 20th century regulatory structures. And obviously, you know, the financial industry went way beyond them. And the question is, how do we establish good regulatory structure without destroying the incentive to innovate, without destroying the marketplace. Our nations agree that we must make the markets -- the financial markets more transparent and accountable. Transparency is very important so that investors and regulators are able to know the truth -- considered improving accounting rules, so that investors can understand the true value of the assets they purchase. We agree that we need to improve our regulations and to ensure that markets, firms, and financial products are subject to proper regulation and oversight. For example, credit default swaps -- financial products that ensure against potential losses -- should be processed through centralized clearinghouses. That's a significant reform. Heretofore, the credit default swaps were traded in over-the-counter, unregulated markets. Yesterday the Working Group on Financial Markets, which is -- which is obviously associated with the White House, announced an initiative to create these kinds of clearing houses. And I know that other nations are working on them as well. This process will help expedite credit default swaps and other types of instruments not being traded in unregulated, over-the-counter markets. By bringing greater stability to this important sector, we will help with liquidity, but also mitigate risk. Third, we agreed that we must enhance the integrity of the financial markets. For example, authorities in every nation should take a fresh look at the rules governing market manipulation and fraud to make sure that investors in all our countries are properly protected. We agree that we must strengthen cooperation among the world's financial authorities. There was a lot of discussion about the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, for example. Leading nations should make regulations consistent. As well, we should reform the international financial institutions. Again, these institutions have been very important -- the World Bank, IMF -- but they were based on an economic order of 1944. And so to better -- we agreed that to better reflect the realities of today's global economy, both IMF and World Bank should modernize their governance structures. They ought to consider extending greater voting power and representation to developing nations, particularly those who have increased their contributions to the institutions. All this is an important first step -- in other words, this is a beginning of a series of meetings. People say, well, why don't you have one meeting and, you know, call it Bretton Woods II. Well, Bretton Woods I took two years to prepare. I don't know what you want to call this one, but whatever name comes from this meeting, it took three weeks to prepare. And so it makes sense to come out of here with a firm action plan -- which we have. It also makes sense to say to people that there is more work to be done and there will be further meetings, sending a clear signal that a meeting is not going to solve the world's problems. A meeting will help begin a process so that we can say over time that we will have a regulatory structure in place that will make this less likely to happen in the future. And so we've directed our finance ministers to work with other experts and consult with officials in other economies and then report back to the leaders with detailed recommendations. Whatever we do, whatever reforms are recommended, we need to be guided by this simple fact: that the best way to solve our problems and solve the people's problems is for there to be economic growth. And the surest path to that growth is free market capitalism. Leaders at this summit agreed on some other matters of importance. One is to reject protectionism and refrain from erecting new trade barriers. This is a very important part of this summit. The temptation in times of economic stress will be to say, oh, trade isn't worth it, let's just throw up protective barriers. And yet that attitude was rejected, thankfully. And matter of fact, not only rejected, there is a determined effort to see if we can't complete the modalities for Doha by the end of December. One of the things I stressed as well is that the ed States, in the midst of this financial crisis, will not abandon our commitments to people in the developing world; that the HIV/AIDS initiative, known as PEPFAR, will remain strong and vibrant; that our deep desire to significantly reduce malaria deaths in countries on the continent of Africa will not be diminished; that our obligation to help feed the hungry will not stop; that in the midst of all this turmoil and financial crisis, we will meet our obligations. These obligations are in our national security interests and our economic security interests and they in -- are in our moral interests. And so I will tell you that I thought this was a very successful summit. And they're going to meet again. I keep saying "they" because some of you may not have heard yet, but I am retiring. But I told the leaders this: that President-Elect Obama's transition team has been fully briefed on what we intended to do here at this meeting. I told them that we will work tirelessly to make sure the transition between my administration and his administration is seamless. And I told them that I hope he succeeds, that it's good for our country that people see a peaceful transfer of power. And I hope it was good for them to hear that even though we're from different political parties, that I believe it's in our country's interest that he succeed. So I want to thank you for giving me a chance to come and visit with you. Thanks for covering this summit. Goodbye. 200811/56375


  国际英文演讲高手 Chapter4-1暂无文本 200709/17885。

  LAUNCH OF ONE - A NEW CONTRACT WITH THE PEOPLE The image that many people have of the average DSS office can be pretty grim. They think of barriers in front of you, a bureaucratic system, grubby offices. Now imagine what it is like for a disabled person or a lone mother struggling through that system trying to get back to work. Too often in the past, people have felt like being treated, not as individuals with potential, but as statistics being processed. I want all that to change. If we are going to reform our welfare system, we have to make it about offering opportunities to succeed not reinforcing a sense of failure. This week, we took the next big steps in welfare reform - radically altering the way we deal with benefits. We are creating a brand new service that is focussed on work with personal advisors for every claimant, tailoring support to individual need. Benefits, housing, work - all dealt with under one roof. Job vacancies on the Internet accessed at the touch of a button. The agency will help build on the success of the New Deal. More than 200,000 young people have jobs as a result of the New Deal. Long-term youth unemployment has been halved and according to an independent evaluation the New Deal, has actually paid for itself because we're getting people off benefit. They're in work. They're paying taxes to the revenue and therefore we're all better off. I believe this new agency, which we've called ONE because it offers a one stop service, will be able to help those who are finding it hardest to return to work, and that includes those who can't and write properly. One of the most worrying statistics from our research is that four out of ten people on the New Deal couldn't even the instructions on a medicine bottle. It's no surprise that those same people find it hard to get a job. I want the new agency therefore to offer a new service that builds on what we have learned from the New Deal. It gives help with ing and writing for those that need it on site or at a college. It gives them a personal advisor who is going specifically to deal with their personal problems and how we get them back to work. If we offer real opportunities, then I believe we are entitled to ask for responsibility in return. That way we all benefit. The job seeker and the taxpayer. And that is why we have made benefits dependent on attending an interview. Interviews are there to offer help, but people have got to take them up. That's only fair. We are not forcing people to take jobs, but we are saying if you want the benefit at least you've got to show up with the responsibility to take part in an interview and see what work there is available for you. This is just not about a new policy. It's about a new ethos. It's about offering a real service to people at a time of great anxiety and insecurity. But it is also about giving everyone a chance to make the most of their own potential. About giving everyone a chance to share in the rising prosperity of our nation. Before our election, we issued a ten-point contract with the people. The first line of it was that we wanted to spend less on social and economic failure so we could spend more on investing in the future. Today for the first time, the proportion of national income that we are spending on social security is going down, whereas the proportion of national income we are spending on education is going up. And that surely is the right priority. For this Parliament we will have a real terms rise of one percent in social security, when in respect of the health service and education is far more than that. And that one percent extra real terms spending on social security is in areas like child benefit, pensions, Working Families Tax Credit, where we are deliberately spending the money. So we are beginning through welfare reform, through a really concerted process, to take people off welfare and into work, to change round the dynamics of spending and investment in our country for the future. Last week in Scotland, I met a young woman who just got a job through the New Deal. There was nothing more exciting for her or more gratifying than to know how much opportunity and possibility had opened up in her life. I want her experience to be the experience of many many more people. In today's world we can offer people the opportunity to work. It will often not be the same job for all their lives. They will have to change jobs. They will have to learn new ways of working. They will have constantly to train and reskill throughout their working lives. The role of the State today is to help them to do that. In return, people have got a responsibility to try and take the chances that are available to them. But if we can build that into a new ethos, a new sense of a deal or bargain between the citizens in society where we provide opportunity and demand responsibility in return, then we will have improved not just our economy prospects; We'll have improved the quality of our civic society as well. 200705/13859

  The Fringe Benefits of Failure, and the Importance of Imagination2008 Harvard University Commencement, June 5, 2008.by J.K. RowlingMany of my co-workers were ex-political prisoners, people who had been displaced from their homes, or fled into exile, because they had the temerity to think independently of their government. Visitors to our office included those who had come to give information, or to try and find out what had happened to those they had been forced to leave behind.I shall never forget the African torture victim, a young man no older than I was at the time, who had become mentally ill after all he had endured in his homeland. He trembled uncontrollably as he spoke into a camera about the brutality inflicted upon him. He was a foot taller than I was, and seemed as fragile as a child. I was given the job of escorting him to the Underground Station afterwards, and this man whose life had been shattered by cruelty took my hand with exquisite courtesy, and wished me future happiness.And as long as I live I shall remember walking along an empty corridor and suddenly hearing, from behind a closed door, a scream of pain and horror such as I have never heard since. The door opened, and the researcher poked out her head and told me to run and make a hot drink for the young man sitting with her. She had just given him the news that in retaliation for his own outspokenness against his country's regime, his mother had been seized and executed.Every day of my working week in my early 20s I was reminded how incredibly fortunate I was, to live in a country with a democratically elected government, where legal representation and a public trial were the rights of everyone.Every day, I saw more evidence about the evils humankind will inflict on their fellow humans, to gain or maintain power. I began to have nightmares, literal nightmares, about some of the things I saw, heard and .And yet I also learned more about human goodness at Amnesty International than I had ever known before.Amnesty mobilizes thousands of people who have never been tortured or imprisoned for their beliefs to act on behalf of those who have. The power of human empathy, leading to collective action, saves lives, and frees prisoners. Ordinary people, whose personal well-being and security are assured, join together in huge numbers to save people they do not know, and will never meet. My small participation in that process was one of the most humbling and inspiring experiences of my life.07/79590

  The President made clear early on that part of the way he intended to change the way Washington does business is by looking in every nook and cranny of government both for waste and abuse, and for ideas on how to root it out. Speaking in the Diplomatic room today, he had a chance to highlight both. He was joined by Nancy Fichtner, the Veterans Affairs employee who won the SAVE Award contest for the most popular cost-saving idea from a federal employee. In addition to commending her after meeting with her in the Oval Office, he also announced progress on his order earlier this year for departments and agencies to identify billions in saving through contracting waste and abuse:mp4视频下载12/92753

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