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Facebook’s value briefly passed the 0 billion mark on Monday, placing the social media giant in a rarefied club. By Tuesday’s close, however, it shares fell slightly, and the company’s market capitalization dipped just below the threshold.本周一,社交媒体巨头Facebook的市值一度越过2000亿美元,跻身高端科技企业行列。但截至周二收盘,该公司股价小幅下跌,总市值稍低于该俱乐部的入门标准。Still, Facebook reached the 0 billion mark in just two years since its initial public offering, faster than Google, Microsoft and Apple, according to Money.It’s also surpassed the value of legacy tech companies like IBM, Intel and Oracle.尽管如此,据Money报道,Facebook公司自IPO(即首次公开发行股票)以来,仅用两年时间就越过了2000亿美元门槛,速度快于谷歌、微软和苹果,公司的价值也超过了IBM、英特尔和甲骨文等传统高科技企业。Facebook is now No. 18 on the list of U.S. companies by value. For tech companies, it’s No. 5.就市值而言,Facebook公司目前在美国企业中排名第18位,在高科技企业中排名第5位。But interesting to note: Facebook was also worth much more at the time of its initial public offering than some of its rivals, notes Money. For example, Facebook was valued at 0 million just after its IPO in 2012, while Microsoft was below billion for its IPO in 1986.但Money指出,值得注意的是,Facebook公司在启动IPO之时,估值也远远超过了竞争对手。例如,Facebook在2012年上市后估值达到1000亿美元,而微软在1986年的IPO估值还不到10亿美元。Apple tops the charts with a market cap of 7 billion. But it took a while to get there. It first passed 0 billion on March 2010, according to MacRumors, nearly 30 years after its IPO – and around the time it introduced the iPad.苹果公司名列榜首,市值为5870亿美元,但他们历时多年才达到这一水平。据MacRumors报道,2010年3月苹果市值首次超过2000亿美元,此时距离该公司IPO已近30年,同时也恰逢iPad面世之际。Trailing behind Apple among U.S. tech companies is Google (it’s actually third overall behind ExxonMobil). Google, which took nearly seven years to hit the 0 billion mark after going public in 2004, has a market cap of about 6 billion.紧随苹果之后的美国科技公司是谷歌(实际上,谷歌的整体排名为第三,前一位是埃克森美孚公司)。自2004年上市以来,谷歌用了近七年时间才达到2000亿美元,现在其市值约为4060亿美元。The next tech company to go well beyond the 0 billion mark? Microsoft, which did so in 1998, a little under 11 years after its IPO, according to CNN.下一家市值超过2000亿美元的科技巨头是哪家公司呢?根据CNN的报道,微软在1998年达到2000亿美元市值,距其上市近11年时间。Only two more tech companies rank above Facebook on the list: China Mobile at 3 billion and Verizon at 5 billion, which rank at the No. 9 and No. 17 spots. Facebook rounds out the list at No. 18 currently.另外还有两家高科技企业排在Facebook之前:市值2630亿美元的中国移动和2050亿美元的威瑞森,分别位列第9位和第17位。Facebook目前排在第18位。Here’s a full list of the top 20 tech companies as of September 8 when Facebook first surpassed the 0 billion mark.*截至9月8日Facebook市值首次突破2000亿美元时,排名前20位的科技企业的完整名单如下:*1. Apple1. 苹果Market cap: 9 billion市值:5890亿美元3. Google3. 谷歌Market cap: 6 billion市值:4060亿美元4. Microsoft4. 微软Market cap: 2 billion市值:3820亿美元9. China Mobile9. 中国移动Market cap: 3 billion市值:2630亿美元17. Verizon17. 威瑞森Market cap: 5 billion市值:2050亿美元18. Facebook18. FacebookMarket cap: 2 billion市值:2020亿美元 * Information compiled from Dogs of the Dow which charts companies by market cap.*上述信息根据道指股(Dogs of the Dow)的市值排名而编撰。 /201409/327711

Two years ago, Stephen Elop likened Nokia to a burning oil platform, referring to the intense competition from Apple#39;s iPhone and Google#39;s Android operating system. There is little in the Finnish handset maker#39;s full-year earnings to suggest the CEO has since located the fire extinguisher.两年前,埃洛普(Stephen Elop)将诺基亚(Nokia)比作是正在燃烧的石油平台,意指诺基亚面临苹果(Apple)iPhone和谷歌(Google)安卓(Android)操作系统的激烈竞争。而从这家芬兰手机制造商的全年收益来看,其首席执行长埃洛普在打了那个比方之后没能找到相应的灭火器。One of Nokia#39;s self-inflicted problems has been that it dumped its in-house operating system, Symbian, in favor of Microsoft#39;s Windows Phone in February 2011, but took 10 months to get a product running on the platform, the Lumia, to market. In a slow-moving business, it might have gotten away with it. But Samsung Electronics was just powering up. Nokia#39;s share of global smartphone volumes touched 4% in the third quarter of last year, down from 23% in the first quarter of 2011, notes Strategy Analytics. Samsung#39;s share has almost tripled to 34%.其实诺基亚曾几次玩火自焚,其中一次是2011年2月放弃了内部操作系统塞班(Symbian),改用微软(Microsoft) Windows Phone系统,而将运行于Windows Phone的产品Lumia推向市场就花了10个月的时间。本来,若是在一个进程缓慢的行业里,诺基亚可能会借助Lumia侥幸取得成功。但偏偏三星电子(Samsung Electronics)那时又卯足了劲。据研究公司Strategy Analytics统计,诺基亚智能手机去年第三季度的全球市场份额为4%,远低于2011年第一季度的23%。三星电子智能手机的市场份额几乎增加了两倍,至34%。Nokia is optimistic that Lumia sales will take off. It says that features like its camera and maps set the latest versions of the high-end smartphone launched last November apart and that wireless operators are supportive of a third ecosystem. But despite a fourth-quarter improvement in gross margins and lower operating expenses, Nokia still needs to ship double the number of phones just to break even on smartphones, estimates Barclays.诺基亚对于Lumia销售额将迅速增长表示乐观。该公司说,这款去年11月发布的高端智能手机的最新版与众不同的是摄像头和地图等功能,而且无线运营商持第三个生态系统。但巴克莱(Barclays)估计,尽管诺基亚去年第四季度的毛利增加且营业费用减少,但其智能手机业务要想达到收平衡,诺基亚仍需将手机出货量增加一倍。There is also a risk of the fire sping. Nokia#39;s regular mobile-phone business, which accounts for more than half of group operating profit, is under pressure from cheaper upstarts based on Android. Sales fell by a fifth last year, while the average selling price of its phones dropped 11% to 31 (.30). Last year#39;s results were also flattered by a turnaround at its telecom-equipment joint venture Nokia Siemens Networks. But NSN#39;s operating-profit margins are forecast to drop back to around 3% in the first quarter, from 14.4% in the fourth quarter.此外,这股正在燃烧的火势还有蔓延的危险。诺基亚常规手机业务目前也感受到了那些价格更便宜的基于安卓的后起之秀带来的压力。诺基亚的营业利润有超过一半来自常规手机业务。去年,诺基亚常规手机的销量减少了五分之一,而平均售价下降了11%,至31欧元(41.30美元)。去年的业绩其实还受到电信设备合资企业诺基亚西门子通信公司(Nokia Siemens Networks)扭亏为盈的“粉饰”。但预计今年第一季度诺基亚西门子通信的营业利润率将从去年第四季度的14.4%重新降至3%左右。Nokia appears to be through the worst of its cash burn, but it may not be over. Net cash on its balance sheet fell by 1.2 billion to 4.4 billion last year. Nokia has proposed not to pay a dividend this year. But it also expects another 750 million in restructuring related cash outflows, the same as last year#39;s dividend payout.诺基亚似乎已经挺过了最烧钱的阶段,但整体烧钱趋势可能还没结束。该公司资产负债表上的现金净额去年减少了12亿欧元,至44亿欧元。诺基亚已提议今年不付股息。但它预计在重组现金流出方面将再花费7.5亿欧元,与去年股息付额相当。The shares have more than halved since Mr. Elop joined in September 2010, and the company now has an enterprise value equivalent to 25 times forecast 2014 operating profit, based on Barclays estimates. Investors may be overestimating Mr. Elop#39;s fire-fighting skills.自2010年9月埃洛普加入诺基亚以来,该公司股票已下跌了一半有余。据巴克莱估计,基于2014年预期营业利润计算的诺基亚预期市盈率为25倍。投资者可能高估了埃洛普的救火能力。 /201301/222682


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