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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年07月22日 18:34:16
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#39;What#39;s celebrity sex, Dad?#39; It was my 7-year-old son, who had been looking over my shoulder at my computer screen. He mispronounced #39;celebrity#39; but spoke the word #39;sex#39; as if he had been using it all his life. #39;Celebrity six,#39; I said, abruptly closing my AOL screen. #39;It#39;s a game famous people play in teams of three,#39; I said, as I ushered him out of my office and downstairs into what I assumed was the safety of the living room.“爸爸,什么是名人性爱(celebrity sex)?”问这个问题的是我七岁的儿子,他正从我的肩头看向电脑屏幕。他把“celebrity”(名人)发错了音,但说“sex”(性爱)这个词时就像是已经用了一辈子一样。我迅速关掉AOL的屏幕,说道:“六个名人(Celebrity six)(译者注:英语中“六”与“性”发音相近,因此作者故意将二者混淆,以向儿子解释),是名人们以三人团队形式玩的一种游戏。”我把他带出我的办公室去楼下客厅,我认为那里是安全的。No such luck. His 3-year-old sister had gotten her precocious little hands on my wife#39;s iPhone as it was charging on a table next to the sofa. By randomly tapping icons on the screen, she had conjured up an image of Beyonce barely clad in black leather, caught in a suggestive pose that I hoped would suggest nothing at all to her or her brother.结果明我想错了。他三岁的已把她那过早发育的小手放到了我妻子的iPhone上,当时手机正放在沙发旁的桌子上充电。她乱点着屏幕上的图标,“变出”了一张碧昂丝(Beyonce)穿着暴露黑色皮衣的图片,我希望碧昂丝那颇具暗示意味的造型对女儿或她哥哥都不会产生任何暗示意味。And so it went on this typical weekend. The eff-word popped out of TV programs we thought were friendly enough to have on while the children played in the next room. Ads depicting all but naked couples beckoned to them from the mainstream magazines scattered around the house. The kids peered over my shoulder as I perused my email inbox, their curiosity piqued by the endless stream of solicitations having to do with one aspect or another of sex, sex, sex!这个普通的周末就这样度过了。孩子们在另一个房间玩耍,电视节目上出现了F开头的那个词,而我们原本以为这些节目已足够温和。房子里散落着的主流杂志上,印有几乎全裸男女的广告在向他们打招呼。孩子们从我的肩头盯着我查邮件,与性有这样或那样关系的无止境的诱惑激起了他们的好奇心。When did the culture become so coarse? It#39;s a question that quickly gets you branded as either an unsophisticated rube or some angry culture warrior. But I swear on my hard drive that I#39;m neither. My favorite movie is #39;Last Tango in Paris.#39; I agree (on a theoretical level) with the notorious rake James Goldsmith, who said that when a man marries his mistress, he creates a job vacancy. I once thought of writing a book-length homage to the eff-word in American culture, the apotheosis of which was probably Sir Ben Kingsley pronouncing it with several syllables in an episode of #39;The Sopranos.#39;美国文化什么时候变得这么粗俗了?问出这个问题,你会迅速被贴上不懂世故的土包子或是愤怒的文化斗士的标签。但我用我的硬盘发誓,我两者都不是。我最喜欢的电影是《巴黎最后的探戈》(Last Tango in Paris)。我赞同(在理论上)臭名昭著的浪子詹姆斯#12539;戈德史密斯(James Goldsmith),他说过,当一个男人跟他的情妇结婚时,他就创造了一个就业机会。我曾经想过写一本书向美国文化中以F开头的那个词致敬,最能体现这个词“崇高”地位的可能是本#12539;金斯利爵士(Sir Ben Kingsley)在《黑道家族》(The Sopranos)某一集中用好几个音节把它讲出来的那一幕。I#39;m cool, and I#39;m down with everything, you bet, but I miss a time when there were powerful imprecations instead of mere obscenity -- or at least when sexual innuendo, because it was innuendo, served as a delicious release of tension between our private and public lives. Long before there was twerking, there were Elvis#39;s gyrations, which shocked people because gyrating hips are more associated with women (thrusting his hips forward would have had a masculine connotation). But Elvis#39;s physical motions on stage were all allusion, just as his lyrics were:我不介意,也没什么意见,但我想念激烈咒骂而非裸淫秽的时光――或者至少是有性影射的时光,由于是影射,应该是作为我们私生活和公共生活之间压力的美好释放。早在有电臀舞之前,就有了埃尔维斯(Elvis)的扭胯舞,人们对这种舞感到震惊,因为扭胯更多的是和女人联系在一起(臀部向前推则有一种男子气概的暗示)。但埃尔维斯在舞台上的动作都是暗示,就像他的歌词一样:Touch it, pound it, what good does it do触摸它,敲打它,能有什么用There#39;s just no stoppin#39; the way I feel for you没有什么能阻挡我对你的感觉Cos#39; every minute, every hour you#39;ll be shaken因为每一分钟,每个小时你都会By the strength and mighty power of my love被我强烈和坚定的爱所震颤The relative subtlety stimulates the imagination, while casual obscenity drowns it out. And such allusiveness maintains social norms even as they are being violated -- that#39;s sexy. The lyrics of Elvis#39;s #39;Power of My Love#39; gave him authority as a respected social figure, which made his asocial insinuations all the more gratifying.含蓄的暗示会刺激人的想像,而随随便便的淫秽会将想像力淹没。即使正在侵害着社会规范,但这种暗示仍维持着社会规范的存在――这很性感。埃尔维斯的《我的爱的力量》(Power of My Love)的歌词给了他成为受人尊敬的公众人物的权威,从而让他对社会的各种暗讽愈加令人愉悦。The same went, in a later era, for the young Madonna: #39;Two by two their bodies become one.#39; It#39;s an electric image because you are actively engaged in completing it. Contrast that with the aging Madonna trash-talking like a kid:后来,年轻的麦当娜(Madonna)也是如此:“成双成对的,他们的身体合二为一。”这是一个鲜活的画面,因为你在积极地完成它。这和上了年纪的麦当娜像孩子一样的废话形成了鲜明对比:Some girls got an attitude有些女孩喜欢摆架子Fake t--- and a nasty mood有一对假胸还有糟糕的情绪Hot s--- when she#39;s in the nude脱光的时候性感火辣(In the naughty naked nude)(调皮地脱光光)It#39;s the difference between locker-room talk and the language of seduction and desire. As Robbie Williams and the Pet Shop Boys observed a few years ago in their song #39;She#39;s Madonna#39;: #39;She#39;s got to be obscene to be believed.#39;这就像是偷偷讲黄色八卦和裸勾引欲望的区别。正如罗宾#12539;威廉姆斯(Robbie Williams)和“宠物店男孩”(Pet Shop Boys)几年前在《她是麦当娜》(She#39;s Madonna)里所唱的:“她变得粗俗得让人难以置信。”Everyone remembers the Rolling Stones#39; #39;Brown Sugar,#39; whose sexual and racial provocations were perfectly calibrated for 1971. Few, if any, people can recall their foray into explicit obscenity two years later with #39;Star Star.#39; The earlier song was sly and licentious; behind the sexual allusions were the vitality and energy to carry them out. The explicitness of #39;Star Star#39; was for bored, weary, repressed squares in the suburbs, with their swingers parties and #39;key clubs.#39;大家都记得滚石(Rolling Stones)的《Brown Sugar》,里面关于性和种族歧视的挑 语言堪称为1971年量身打造。很少有人能回想起两年后他们在《Star Star》中对露骨污秽内容的尝试。第一首歌是狡猾而放纵的,性暗示背后展现的是活力和能量。《Star Star》的直白是给郊区那些无趣、疲倦、压抑的土包子们听的,与之伴随的还有他们的性伴交换派对和“钥匙俱乐部”(key clubs)。Just as religious vows of abstinence mean nothing without the temptations of desire -- which is why St. Augustine spends so much time in his #39;Confessions#39; detailing the way he abandoned himself to the #39;fleshpots of Carthage#39; -- violating a social norm when the social norm is absent yields no real pleasure. The great provocations are also great releases because they exist side by side with the prohibitions that they are provoking. Once you spell it all out, the tension between temptation and taboo disappears.就像没有欲望诱惑时,节欲宗教誓言便毫无意义一样――这就是为什么 奥古斯汀(St. Augustine)会花那么多时间在他的《告白》(Confessions)中详细描述他是如何屈于“迦太基的奢侈生活”的――在社会规范缺失时,侵犯它也不会有真正的快感。好的挑 也是好的释放,因为它们和被挑 的禁忌是相辅相成的。一旦直白地讲出来,诱惑和禁忌之间的张力就消失了。The open secret of violating a taboo with language that -- through its richness, wit or rage -- acknowledges the taboo is that it represents a kind of moralizing. In fact, all the magnificent potty mouths -- from D.H. Lawrence to Norman Mailer, the Beats, the rockers, the proto-punks, punks and post-punks, Richard Pryor, Sam Kinison, Patti Smith, and up through, say, Sarah Silverman and the creators of #39;South Park#39; -- have been moralizers. The late Lou Reed#39;s #39;I Wanna Be Black#39; is so full of racial slurs, obscenity and repugnant sexual imagery that I could not find one meaningful phrase to e in this newspaper. It is also a wryly indignant song that rips into the racism of liberals whose reverence for black culture is a crippling caricature of black culture.用承认禁忌存在的语言――通过丰富的语义、机智或愤怒――来违反某个禁忌,公开的秘密在于它代表着某种道德说教。事实上,所有那些满嘴脏话的大人物――从D.H.劳伦斯(D.H. Lawrence)到诺曼#12539;梅勒(Norman Mailer),到the Beats乐队、摇滚歌手、原型朋克、朋克和后朋克,理查德#12539;普莱尔(Richard Pryor)、山姆#12539;金尼逊(Sam Kinison)、帕蒂#12539;史密斯(Patti Smith),再近一点有莎拉#12539;西尔弗曼(Sarah Silverman)和《南方公园》(South Park)的制作人――都是说教者。已故的路#12539;瑞德(Lou Reed)的《我想回去》(I Wanna Be Black)充斥着种族歧视语、污言秽语和令人厌恶的性画面,我甚至无法从中找到一句有意义的话在这里进行引述。这也是一首带有挖苦式愤怒的歌,猛烈抨击了自由主义者的种族主义,他们对黑人文化的崇敬是黑人文化的一副扭曲的讽刺画。Though many of these vulgar outlaws were eventually warily embraced by the mainstream, to one degree or another, it wasn#39;t until long after their deaths that society assimilated them, still warily, and sometimes not at all. In their own lifetimes, they mostly existed on the margins or in the depths; you had to seek them out in society#39;s obscure corners. That was especially the case during the advent of new types of music. Swing, bebop, Sinatra, cool jazz, rock #39;n#39; roll -- all were specialized, youth-oriented upheavals in sound and style, and they drove the older generation crazy.尽管这些粗俗之徒中有很多人最终都在一定程度上被主流文化小心翼翼地接受了,但直到他们离世后很久,社会才对其进行吸收,依然是小心翼翼,有时甚至根本就没吸收。他们在有生之年大都存在于边缘地带或藏在深处;你得在社会的昏暗角落里找寻。在新的音乐类型出现时尤其如此。摇摆乐(swing)、咆勃爵士乐(bebop)、Sinatra、冷爵士(cool jazz)、摇滚――这些音乐都在声音和风格上更加专门化并且以年轻人为主导,它们让老一代人抓狂。These days, with every new ripple in the culture transmitted, commented-on, analyzed, mocked, mashed-up and forgotten on countless universal devices every few minutes, everything is available to everyone instantly, every second, no matter how coarse or abrasive. You used to have to find your way to Lou Reed. Now as soon as some pointlessly vulgar song gets recorded, you hear it in a clothing store.如今,每隔几分钟就有一股新的文化浪潮在无数平台上传播、被、被分析、被模仿、被混杂和被遗忘,每个人时刻都能立即接触到所有东西,无论这些东西有多么粗俗或粗糙。以前得想法设法才能找到路#12539;瑞德,而现在一旦某一首空洞粗俗的歌曲被录制,在装店就能听到。The shock value of earlier vulgarity partly lay in the fact that a hitherto suppressed impulse erupted into the public realm. Today Twitter, Snapchat, Instagram and the rest have made impulsiveness a new social norm. No one is driving anyone crazy with some new form of expression. You#39;re a parent and you don#39;t like it when Kanye West sings: #39;I sent this girl a picture of my d---. I don#39;t know what it is with females. But I#39;m not too good with that s---#39;? Shame on you.早期粗俗内容之所以如此有冲击力,部分原因在于当时被压抑已久的冲动爆发进入了公共领域。而如今,Twitter、Snapchat、Instagram及其他社交网站已经让冲动变成了一种新的社会常规。没有谁会再为新的表达形式感到抓狂。当已为人父母的你听到坎耶#12539;韦斯特(Kanye West) 唱“我给这个女孩发了一张我‘小弟弟’的照片。我不知道女人会感觉怎么样。但我跟那个贱人的感觉不怎么样”的时候,你表示不喜欢,那我真替你脸红。The fact is that you#39;re hearing the same language, witnessing the same violence, experiencing the same graphic sexual imagery on cable, or satellite radio, or the Internet, or even on good old boring network TV, where almost explicit sexual innuendo and nakedly explicit violence come fast and furious. Old and young, high and low, the idiom is the same. Everything goes.事实是,你会听到同样的语言,看到同样的暴力,会在电视、电台、网上甚至在无聊的怀旧频道上看到同样的性画面,近乎裸的性暗示和暴力迅速激烈地袭来。无论是上了年纪的人还是年轻人,高声还是低吟,说的话都一样。什么都一样。Graphic references to sex were once a way to empower the individual. The unfair boss, the dishonest general, the amoral politician might elevate themselves above other mortals and abuse their power, but everyone has a naked body and a sexual capacity with which to throw off balance the enforcers of some oppressive social norm. That is what Montaigne meant when he reminded his ers that #39;both kings and philosophers defecate.#39; Making public the permanent and leveling truths of our animal nature, through obscenity or evocations of sex, is one of democracy#39;s sacred energies. #39;Even on the highest throne in the world,#39; Montaigne writes, #39;we are still sitting on our asses.#39;对性的形象暗示曾经是赋予人权力的一种方式。不公的老板、不诚实的将军、无道德感的政客可能会把自己提到高于其他普通人的高度上并且滥用权力,但人人都有一个裸露的身体和扰乱社会规范执行者的性能力。这正是蒙田(Montaigne)在提醒读者“国王和哲学家都要排便”时所要表达的意思。通过淫秽粗俗或性唤起,将人类之动物本性这一事实永恒而地公之于众,是民主的一种神 能量。蒙田写道:“即使是世界上最高的宝座,也是被屁股坐着的。”But we#39;ve lost the cleansing quality of #39;dirty#39; speech. Now it#39;s casual, boorish, smooth and corporate. Everybody is walking around sounding like Howard Stern. The trash-talking Jay-Z and Kanye West are superwealthy businessmen surrounded by bodyguards, media consultants and image-makers. It#39;s the same in other realms, too. What was once a cable revolution against treacly, morally simplistic network television has now become a formulaic ritual of #39;complex,#39; counterintuitive, heroic bad-guy characters like the murderous Walter White on #39;Breaking Bad#39; and the lovable serial killer in #39;Dexter.#39; And the constant stream of Internet gossip and brainless factoids passing themselves off as information has normalized the grossest references to sex and violence.然而“脏话”已经丧失了 化我们的能力。现在它们已变得随便、粗鲁、流畅和官方。每个人说话都像是霍华德#12539;斯特恩(Howard Stern)。废话连篇的Jay-Z和坎耶#12539;韦斯特都是超级有钱的商人,被保镖、媒体顾问和形象制作人团团包围。其他行业也是一样。曾经针对甜腻的、道德单纯化节目的电视革命现在成了“复杂的”、违背常理的、充满英雄色的坏人角色的公式化惯例,比如《绝命毒师》(Breaking Bad)里残忍的沃特#12539;怀特(Walter White)和《嗜血法医》(Dexter)里讨人喜欢的连环杀手。无休止的网上八卦和愚蠢传闻被伪装成有用的信息,让最恶心的提及性和暴力的内容变成了正常。Back in the 1990s, growing explicitness and obscenity in popular culture gave rise to the so-called culture wars, in which the right and the left fought over the limits of free speech. Nowadays no one blames the culture for what the culture itself has become. This is, fundamentally, a positive development. Culture isn#39;t an autonomous condition that develops in isolation from other trends in society.回首1990年代,流行文化中露骨和淫秽内容的增多导致了所谓文化战争的产生,左翼和右翼群体就自由言论的界限展开了争论。现在没有人会因为文化本身的演进而批评文化。这从根本上来说是一种积极的发展。文化并不是孤立于社会上其他趋势自主发展的东西。The JFK assassination, the bloody rampage of Charles Manson and his followers, the incredible violence of the Vietnam War -- shocking history-in-the-making that was once hidden now became visible in American living rooms, night after night, through new technology, TV in particular. Culture raced to catch up with the straightforward transcriptions of current events.约翰#12539;肯尼迪(JFK)被暗杀、查尔斯#12539;曼森(Charles Manson)及其追随者的血腥屠杀、越南战争(Vietnam War)骇人听闻的暴力――曾经不为人知的令人震惊的事件,现在出现在了美国家庭的客厅里。通过新科技,尤其是电视机,人们每晚都能看到。文化加速赶上了直截了当记录时事的速度。And, of course, the tendency of the media, as old as Lord Northcliffe and the first mass-circulation newspapers, to attract business through sex and violence only accelerated. Normalized by TV and the rest of the media, the counterculture of the 1970s was smoothly assimilated into the commercial culture of the 1980s. Recall the 15-year-old Brooke Shields appearing in a commercial for Calvin Klein jeans in 1980, sping her legs and saying, #39;Do you know what comes between me and my Calvins? Nothing.#39; From then on, there was no going back.当然,那些像诺思克利夫勋爵(Lord Northcliffe)和首批大规模发行的报纸一样古老的媒体,他们通过性和暴力来吸引业务的癖好有增无减。被电视及其他媒体正常化后,1970年代的反主流文化顺利地融入了1980年代的商业文化。回想当时15岁的布鲁克#12539;希尔兹(Brooke Shields)出现在1980年Calvin Klein牛仔裤广告中,她张开双腿说道:“知道我和我的Calvin之间有什么东西吗?什么都没有。”从那以后便一发不可收拾。Today, our cultural norms are driven in large part by technology, which in turn is often shaped by the lowest impulses in the culture. Behind the Internet#39;s success in making obscene images commonplace is the dirty little fact that it was the pornography industry that revolutionized the technology of the Internet. Streaming , technology like Flash, sites that confirm the validity of credit cards were all innovations of the porn business. The Internet and pornography go together like, well, love and marriage. No wonder so much culture seems to aspire to porn#39;s depersonalization, absolute transparency and intolerance of secrets.如今,我们的文化规范在很大程度上受到科技的推动,而科技常常源自文化中最低层次的冲动。互联网成功将淫秽图片变成司空见惯的东西,这背后是色情行业将互联网科技彻底改革的肮脏事实。流媒体视频、Flash等技术、还有验信用卡有效性的网站都是色情业的创新产品。互联网和色情业就像是爱和婚姻的关系。难怪会有那么多的文化会渴望实现色情片的去人性化和绝对透明,不允许秘密的存在。An essay like this typically ends with a set of prescriptions to solve the problem laid out in the previous paragraphs. But when the culture of vulgarity is produced by so many different factors -- commercial, economic, social, aesthetic -- there is no end in sight. One can only hope that, as happens so often in America, restless impatience with the status quo will carry the day and the pendulum will swing to the other side -- not toward censorship and repression but toward the sacred power of sexual self-assertion and outlaw imprecations.这样一篇文章,一般会以列出一套解决前文所述问题的方案为结尾。但是当粗俗文化的产生源自诸多不同因素时――商业、经济、社会、美学――目前还看不到解决办法。我们只能希望,人们对现状的焦躁和不耐烦最终会战胜一切,天平会倾向另一边――并非是向审查和压制倾斜,而是向性的自我肯定的神 力量以及对法外之徒的谴责之情倾斜。在美国,人们常常只能抱有这样的希望。From Miley Cyrus#39;s brilliant, purposeful, repeated travesties of her wholesome image -- #39;This is what culture is really about now,#39; she seems to be saying -- to songs by Eminem, Lady Gaga, Kanye West and others that express disgust with their own celebrity and wealth, pop culture itself seems to yearn for a time when obscenity and graphic sexual images were morally potent rather than merely titillating and profitable. So maybe there is hope, and we will find, after all, some relief from the relentless hum of casual coarseness and vulgarity.从麦莉#12539;赛勒斯(Miley Cyrus)刻意重复塑造的耀眼健康形象――她似乎在说:“这才是当前文化的本质”――到艾米纳姆(Eminem)、蕾迪#12539;卡卡(Lady Gaga)、坎耶#12539;韦斯特及其他对自己的名气和财富表达厌恶的人,流行文化本身似乎也在怀念那个曾经的年代,那时污秽和性画面具备精神性的强大能量,而不仅仅能用来挑逗观众并从中牟利。所以或许还是有希望的,我们最终能部分摆脱粗俗低级的无休止吟唱。Or maybe not. I#39;ll still be keeping my finger on the off-button of whatever device I happen to be using in case my children happen by. Celebrity Six is a game I hope they never learn to enjoy, even as adults.不过也很难说。无论使用什么设备,我都会准备着随时立刻关闭它们,以防我的孩子碰巧路过看到。我希望“六个名人”是一个他们永远都不会想要玩的游戏,即便长大成人后也不会。 /201401/272940

  Although Zhang Bichen, a 25-year-old songstress with a powerful yet delicate voice, took the crown of this year’s The Voice of China, runner-up Parhat Halik, 32, seems to have impressed more of the audience with his husky, unadorned and, most of all, distinguished sound.虽然,25岁的张碧晨以其有力而精致的嗓音赢得了本届《中国好声音》的总冠军,但亚军获得者,32岁歌手帕尔哈提则以其沙哑、朴素、与众不同的嗓音给观众留下了更深刻的印象。Despite his unmistakable voice, Parhat Halik’s music is also special. Generally, it’s rock — but influenced and mixed by different styles within the genre. Read on and find out where Halik’s music gets its inspiration.除了极具辨识度的嗓音,帕尔哈提的音乐也与众不同。虽同属于摇滚,但他的音乐却受到不同风格音乐的影响,杂糅了各种类型的音乐。帕尔哈提的灵感之源来自哪里?一起来探寻吧~Blues rock蓝调摇滚Representative artists: Guns N’ Roses, The Rolling Stones, John Mayer代表人物:炮玫瑰、滚石乐队、约翰#8226;梅尔Blues rock combines improvisation with rock ’n’ roll style. It began to develop in the mid-1960s in Britain and the US, when rock bands such as the Rolling Stones experimented with music from older African-American blues musicians. It borrows the idea of instrumental combo from blues but is played at a faster tempo and louder volume, distinguishing it from the blues. The sound is created with the electric guitar, piano, bass and drums.蓝调摇滚由摇滚与即兴创作结合而成,二十世纪六十年代中期开始在英美流行,当时包括炮玫瑰在内的一些摇滚乐队尝试借鉴更古老的美国黑人蓝调音乐。蓝调摇滚借鉴了蓝调音乐中使用带乐器的小型乐队这一形式,但其音乐节奏更快、声音更洪亮。蓝调摇滚的声音来自电吉他、钢琴、贝斯和鼓。As the root for several contemporary rock styles, such as heavy metal and hard rock, blues rock had a rebirth in the early 2000s, with artists including John Mayer and The Black Keys.蓝调摇滚是很多当代摇滚乐的前身,重金属和硬摇滚都源自于此,二十一世纪初,蓝调摇滚再次兴起,代表艺人包括约翰#8226;梅尔和黑键乐团。Folk rock摇滚民谣Representative artists: Bob Dylan, Simon amp; Garfunkel, The Byrds代表人物:鲍勃#8226;迪伦、西蒙和加芬克尔、飞鸟乐队As the name indicates, folk rock is a genre combining elements of folk music and rock music. Also developed in the mid-1960s, folk rock was pioneered by the US band The Byrds, who began playing traditional folk music and Bob Dylan-penned material with rock instruments, in a style heavily influenced by The Beatles and other British bands.正如其名,摇滚民谣兼具民谣与摇滚的音乐元素,兴起于二十世纪六十年代中期,以飞鸟乐队为先驱:他们深受披头士及其他英国乐队影响,率先将传统民谣与鲍勃#8226;迪伦创作的音乐中加入了摇滚乐器。The genre was most popular among teenagers and college students at the time, because it includes both rock ’n’ roll’s free spirit and the more serious, culturally authentic and socially aware sounds of folk music.摇滚民谣在当时主要为年轻人和大学生所喜爱,因为它既有摇滚乐的自由精神,又包含了民谣中严肃的文化与社会情怀。Soft rock慢摇滚Representative artists: Bryan Adams, Eagles, Elton John, James Blunt代表人物:布莱恩#8226;亚当斯、艾尔顿#8226;约翰、詹姆斯#8226;布朗特Compared to hard rock’s loud and aggressive nature, soft rock, or light rock, uses the techniques of rock music to compose a softer and less threatening sound. Derived from folk rock, it uses acoustic instruments and puts more emphasis on melody and harmony.与喧嚣、激进的硬摇滚不同,慢摇滚,又名轻摇滚,通过摇滚乐技巧创作出更加柔和、不具威慑力的音乐。源自摇滚民谣的慢摇滚使用原声乐器,更强调旋律与和声。Although the genre got quite a bad name among hardcore rock fans, who see it as “wimpy”, it doesn’t mean soft rock is without merit. Soft rock songs often deal with themes like romantic relationships and everyday life in a thoughtful and complex way hard rock simply couldn’t.虽然,在硬核摇滚粉丝眼中,慢摇滚“软弱无力”备受诟病,但这并不表示它一无是处。相较硬摇滚,慢摇滚更善于用富有思想、更加复杂的方式表达浪漫情愫和生活百态。 /201410/337041

  Forget cards, flowers and chocolates, most people want a special experience rather than a gift for Valentine’s Day今年情人节,大多数人们最想要的礼物不是贺卡、鲜花和巧克力,而是一段特别的经历。“People are really interested in experience gifts, rather than object gifts,” said Gian Gonzaga, a social psychologist with the dating website eHarmony, which conducted the online survey。开展这一在线调查的婚恋交友网站eHarmony的社会心理学家吉安#8226;冈萨加表示:“相比物质礼物,人们确实对体验更感兴趣一些。”“The more you have experiences with someone, the more you are able to build memories and share histories that help to make the relationship more intimate.”“你和某人的共同经历越多,就能创造更多的回忆,拥有更多共同的过去,这有助于让两人的感情关系更亲密。”Unlike material gifts, he added, an experience, whether it is an outing, a vacation or a special meal, is something unique to the couple, especially if it reflects both people’s interests。他补充道,与物质礼物不同,一段经历,无论是郊游、度假还是一顿特别的晚餐,尤其是一起做两人都感兴趣的事情,才是情侣间独一无二的礼物。 /201401/273472。

  Most brides dream of throwing a white wedding which will make other women green with envy.大多数新娘梦想着身穿洁白美丽的婚纱,让其他女人羡慕嫉妒恨。But one bride has instead painted herself and her husband-to-be green, for their fairy-tale wedding based on the film Shrek.但有一位新娘与众不同,为了她们童话般的婚礼,她把自己和未婚夫全身涂成绿色。这个童话般的婚礼以动画片《怪物史莱克》为原型。Amanda, 44, and Nathan Gibbs, 39, from Kingswinford, West Midlands planned their rather unusual ceremony after eight years together.44岁的阿曼达和39岁的南森·吉布斯来自西米德兰兹郡金斯温福德,在相恋8年后,他们开始筹备这场非同寻常的婚礼。After losing a number of friends to cancer, the couple decided to dress as the fairytale couple and use the day to raise money for charity.这对夫妻曾失去了好几位因患癌症而去世的朋友,他们决定在婚礼上把自己打扮成童话故事里的人物,并利用这一天为慈善机构筹钱。Dressed in full costume, the pair wed this morning at Priory Hall near Dudley. Guests also dressed up for the themed celebrations - dressing up as the Gingerb Man, Mickey Mouse and Jack Sparrow from Pirates Of The Caribbean.身着盛装,这对新婚夫妇出现在英国Dudley的修道院大厅。婚礼宾客也衣着华,与婚礼主题十分搭配。他们有的打扮成姜饼人,还有的打扮成米老鼠以及加勒比海盗里的杰克·斯派罗。Instead of wedding gifts, the couple - who run an ironing service business, asked that people donate money to Cancer Research.这对夫妻运营熨烫务业务,他们不收新婚礼物,而是请人们为癌症研究捐钱。Mr Gibbs said: #39;In the last 15 months we#39;ve lost seven of our customers to cancer. It just broke our hearts. We wanted to do something to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage more people to go and get checked out.#39;吉布斯先生说:“在过去的15个月中,我们失去了7位身患癌症的朋友。这真的非常令人痛心,我们想做点事来引起人们对癌症的关注,并鼓励更多的人去做身体检查。”The former bricklayer said the couple used to joke that if they ever got married, they would have a fairytale wedding.一位以前当瓦工的朋友说,这对夫妻过去经常开玩笑,说如果他们结婚一定会举办一场童话般的婚礼。#39;It was a standing joke between us. All our friends started getting married and I said ;When we do it we#39;ll have a fairytale wedding. I#39;ll be Shrek and you can be Princess Fiona;.“这是我们之间常开的一个玩笑。我们所有的朋友都先后结婚了,我就开玩笑说‘如果我们结婚,那就来场童话般不一样的婚礼。我扮演史莱克你扮演菲奥娜公主。’”#39;Earlier this year we held a fundraiser for Cancer Research and we were talking about what else we could do when Shrek came on the TV. We turned to each other and laughed.#39;“今年早些时候,我们为癌症研究组织了一场募捐。就在我们正在谈论着还能做些什么的时候,史莱克突然出现在电视上,我们面对面大笑起来。”Plans got under way for the fairytale wedding but the couple were then hit with more bad news.这场童话般的婚礼正在紧锣密鼓地筹备中,但这对夫妻得到了一条坏消息,倍受打击。#39;My sister Donna was diagnosed with breast cancer. It was such a shock. We were trying to do something to help others and then it happened to us.#39;“我堂娜被诊断出患有乳腺癌。这对我们来说真的是个冲击。我们正努力做些事情来帮助别人,但突然它就发生在我们身上了。”Luckily his sister has been given the all-clear but it made the couple even more determined to raise awareness of the disease.幸运的是,他已经脱离病情险境,但这件事使这对夫妻更坚定地去努力唤起人们对这种疾病的意识。Mr Gibbs said: #39;We#39;ve had a great day today and it#39;s fantastic to think the money raised will go towards helping to support those with cancer and their families.吉布斯先生说:“今天我们的大日子过得很棒,筹集的这些钱将被用来持那些身患癌症的患者及患者家属,这令我们感到很奇妙。”#39;Also, if this story encourages just one person who has found a lump to go and get checked out then we will have succeeded.#39;“并且,如果这个故事鼓励了发现肿块的人去做身体检查,即使只有一个人,那么我们也成功了。” /201312/270521

  Can there ever be a good reason for drinking 300 shots of baijiu, China#39;s distilled liquor famed for burning the esophagus and causing calm people to burst into song? For American Derek Sandhaus, the answer is yes.这种令食道产生灼烧感、让沉稳的人突然唱起歌来的中国蒸馏酒吗?对美国人德里克#12539;桑德豪斯(Derek Sandhaus)来说,是肯定的。All that #39;research#39; paid off for Mr. Sandhaus, who lived in China from 2006 to 2013. His book, #39;Baijiu: The Essential Guide to Chinese Spirits,#39; will be released this month by Penguin China. The author, who now lives in Virginia, also has a blog called #39;300 Shots at Greatness,#39; where he posts pictures of his liquor cabinet, describes his Kansas-born parents trying baijiu, and recounts a story of President Nixon nearly burning down the White House after attempting to set some baijiu on fire.桑德豪斯的“研究”终于有了成果,他的新书《白酒:中国烈酒必备指南》(Baijiu: The Essential Guide to Chinese Spirits)本月将由企鹅中国(Penguin China)出版。现居住在美国弗吉尼亚州的桑德豪斯曾在2006至2013年间在中国生活,他还有一个名叫“300 Shots at Greatness”的客,该客张贴有自己酒柜的照片,描述了自己出生在堪萨斯州的父母试饮白酒的故事,还讲述了美国总统尼克松(Richard Nixon)试着点燃白酒结果险些在白宫引发大火的轶事。Mr. Sandhaus admits he probably imbibed closer to 600 shots of baijiu in the course of his work. Scene Asia talked to the 31-year-old about his love of China#39;s national drink. Edited excerpts:桑德豪斯坦言说,自己在创作这本书的过程中可能喝了将近600杯白酒。“风尚亚洲”(Scene Asia)栏目与31岁的桑德豪斯聊了聊他对这一中国名酒的热爱。以下是经编辑的访谈摘录:How did you get the idea for the book?问:你是如何想到要写这本书的?It came to me several years ago, when I was on my way back from one of the banquets that people in China often get invited to. I was thinking how unpleasant I found the experience of drinking lots of shots of baijiu. I wanted to figure out why foreigners dislike the experience so much, whereas the people of China love and celebrate it.答:几年前我参加了一场酒宴;在中国人们经常会受邀参加此类酒宴。在回去的路上我在想,白酒喝多了的感觉非常不舒。我想弄清楚为什么外国人如此厌恶这一体验,而中国人却酷爱并且颂扬它。Did you ever learn to like it?问:那你后来喜欢上白酒了吗?There was a theory going around that if you drank 300 shots that was the threshold - you would go from someone who hated it to someone who appreciated it. That theory sounded like hogwash.答:如今流传有一种理论,说如果你喝够了300杯白酒,那你就能对白酒由恨转爱。这理论听着很扯。Did it take you 300 shots?问:你是在喝了300杯白酒后喜欢上它的吗?It didn#39;t even take 100 shots. It came down to just finding types of baijiu that appealed to my tastes. China has around 10,000 distilleries of almost all shapes and sizes. There is almost certainly one that is better suited to your taste.答:连100杯都不到我就喜欢上了。其实就是要找到能迎合自己口味的白酒。中国有上万家酿酒厂,产品种类繁多,几乎各种规格都有,肯定有一款白酒更符合你的口味。I hate baijiu.问:我很讨厌白酒。When someone tells you they hate baijiu, the first thing to remember is that baijiu at the standard level is about 50%-60% alcohol by volume, whereas vodka or whiskey is around 40%. So the trouble is not the taste, but the taste of that much alcohol. Some baijiu are watered down to 38%-40%, which might make it easier, although you#39;re still dealing with a lot of weird tastes and flavors.答:当有人说讨厌白酒时,首先要记住的是,标准白酒的酒精含量在50%至60%之间,而伏特加和威士忌的酒精含量在40%左右。所以说问题出在了白酒酒精含量太高,而并非酒的味道本身。有些白酒的酒精含量被冲淡至了38%到40%,喝起来可能会舒一点。不过你仍要在千奇百怪的口感和香型中进行挑选。Also, baijiu is the Chinese word for all of their traditional spirits. When a lot of people say they don#39;t like the taste, they don#39;t like the specific taste of the type of baijiu they#39;re drinking.还有一点,白酒是中国所有传统烈酒的统称。很多人说自己不喜欢白酒,实际上指的是其所喝某一类白酒的特定口感。Any big surprises?问:这一过程中,你有什么惊奇的发现吗?I found out that I actually did like baijiu. Another thing is that I found out just how essential alcohol is to Chinese culture. Evidence shows that the Chinese might have been making alcohol even before they formed a civilization, and that alcohol might have played a central role in the creation of their civilization.答:我发现我其实挺喜欢白酒的。还有就是我发现,酒对于中国文化有着极其重要的意义。有据显示,中国人在其文明形成以前可能就开始酿酒了,而酒可能在中国文明的创造过程中扮演了一个至关重要的角色。The book seems to be everything you ever wanted to know about baijiu. So your ers are not Chinese?问:这本书似乎是以对白酒的全面介绍为内容。所以说本书的读者定位并不是中国人?I don#39;t think the Chinese need my help in appreciating their culture. But outside of China, the level of understanding is low, even in people who are experts in spirits: bartenders, wine and spirit writers. This is the book I wish had existed when I first started researching baijiu. It allows you to walk into a Chinese liquor store and know what#39;s on the shelf. Normally, you walk into a store and see a wall filled with Chinese characters. You have no idea what you#39;re looking at.答:我觉得中国人并不需要我来帮助他们品鉴本国文化。然而在中国以外,人们对白酒知之甚少,甚至连烈酒专家--调酒师、葡萄酒和烈酒作家亦是如此。我多么希望在我研究白酒之初就能有这样一本书。它让你在走进一家中国酒水店的时候能知道架子上摆的是什么。而通常情况下,你走进一家酒水店,眼前是一整 的汉字,你根本不知道那都是些什么。Where did you live in China?问:此前你住在中国的哪里?Shanghai and then Chengdu (the capital of Sichuan province). Sichuan is the center of China#39;s baijiu industry, so I got a chance to do a lot of firsthand research, visit distilleries, and see the business inside out.上海,然后是四川省省会成都。四川是中国白酒产业的中心,因而我有机会做了许多第一手调查,走访了一些酿酒厂,并透彻地观察了这个行业。Do you have a favorite baijiu?问:有哪款白酒是你的最爱吗?Since the book lists about 90 baijiu, I probably shouldn#39;t pick a favorite. But there are some I really like. One is called Lao Guilin by Guilin Sanhua. It#39;s a really smooth kind of sweet, but not cloyingly, so it#39;s kind of reminiscent of sake. Another is Laobai Fenjiu by Xinghuacun Fenjiu. And then my go-to favorite Sichuan baijiu is Luzhuo Laojiao.答:这本书列出了大约90种白酒,所以我不太应该说哪个是自己最喜欢的。不过有几款白酒我都觉得很棒。一款是桂林三花股份有限公司生产的老桂林,它有种滑而不腻的甘甜口感,有点像日本的米酒。还有一款是山西杏花村汾酒集团生产的老白汾酒。四川的白酒中我最喜欢泸州老窖。You must have some good drinking stories.问:可否和我们分享一些有趣的品酒故事?We were at a lunch banquet thrown by the Sichuan government affairs office and only had two or three shots of baijiu. It was upper-end baijiu and that was the first time I drank it and thought, this is something I could really start liking. Then, in the afternoon, they put us in some ridiculous traditional costumes and marched us out to a big performance in the center of town. There were tens of thousands of people there.答:有一次在四川政府事务办公室举办的午宴上,当时我只喝了两三杯白酒。那是一款高档白酒,也是我头一次喝下后觉得这酒味道真不错。之后那天下午,他们给我们穿上了一些很滑稽的传统装,并带着我们去市中心参加一场大型表演。当时那里有上万人在场。They got me up and had me perform a traditional Chinese drum dance with all these 8-year-old girls who had been rehearsing for months. I kind of think it would have pissed me off but for the fact that I had a few shots of baijiu at lunch, which made the whole thing so hilarious and fun. It is one of my best memories of living in Sichuan.他们把我推上台,让我和一群演排了好几个月的小女孩一起表演传统的中国鼓舞。现在想来,若不是因为那几杯酒,我或许就不会感觉整件事那么好玩,反而会很生气了吧。这是我在四川生活的日子里最美好的记忆之一。So baijiu makes everything better?问:所以说,白酒让一切都变得更好了?That for me was the crucial insight in my quest to understand baijiu. Whether you enjoy the drink itself, the fact is, if you can go with it and learn to at least tolerate baijiu, you will have a much better time in China. It#39;s one of the only times when random people will cut loose and show you this jovial, fun side of themselves that they don#39;t show strangers.这是我在探寻白酒的过程中所洞察到的重要收获。实际上无论你是否喜欢白酒,如果你能放宽心去接纳它,你就可以在中国收获一段更加美好的时光。白酒能让人摆脱束缚,展示出自己平时不会呈现给陌生人的愉快有趣的一面。 /201403/279626This may be a statement of the obvious at Christmas, but our families can sometimes let us down. Evidence comes from a little-noticed survey published by the US Census Bureau in September.我们的家庭有时会让我们失望。美国人口普查局(US Census Bureau) 2013年9月发布的一项调查为这一观点提供了明,不过没引起多少关注。The findings are conveyed in a sad and simple graph. It reports a survey of “households experiencing hardship” in 2011 - and who helped them when times were tough. What counted as tough times? Having a phone disconnected, missing utility bill payments, falling into rent or mortgage arrears, or not seeing a doctor or dentist when needed.该项调查针对2011年“经历困境的家庭”,以及陷入困境时得到过谁的帮助,调查结果通过一幅简单而令人悲哀的图表呈现。那么怎样算是陷入困境呢?电话停机,漏缴公用事业账单,拖欠房租或房贷,或者生病了看不起医生或牙医。More than half of such households expected help from family members, as did almost half from friends. Rather fewer - about a fifth - hoped for help from a social agency, charity or church.一多半家庭期望得到家人的帮助,还有近一半则指望朋友帮助。只有很少一部分家庭(大约五分之一)希望得到社会机构、慈善团体或教堂的援助。The overwhelming majority were disappointed. It was rare for family members to provide help with rent arrears - about one time in six - and it was rarer still to receive financial help from other sources or for other purposes.结果绝大多数家庭的希望都落了空。家人极少帮忙付租金(大约六分之一),而从其他来源(或者为了其他目的)获得资金援助就更加罕见了。In short, hard-up Americans were confident of help in need from those close to them - and that confidence was misplaced. (If you#39;re looking for an explanation of the popularity of payday loans, this finding isn#39;t a bad start.)简言之,手头拮据的美国人相信能从亲友那儿得到帮助,但这种信任是没有根据的。(如果你想了解“发薪日贷款”为何如此流行,不妨从这份报告入手。)An optimistic ing of this research is that there are plenty of people whose families or friends did help them and thus never featured in the sample. Perhaps.这份研究当然也不乏乐观解读:也许有许多人得到了亲友的帮助,因此根本不在调查对象之列——或许吧。But as the economist Timothy Taylor comments, enough people experience disappointment to leave “lasting shadows”.但正如经济学家蒂莫西#8226;泰勒(Timothy Taylor)所言,生活中有太多人经历深切失望,这种失望给他们留下“持久的阴影”。This dispiriting stuff reminded me of Mark Granovetter#39;s work on “the strength of weak ties”, published in 1973. Granovetter, a sociologist, brought together two disparate strands of work: a survey of how people with professional or managerial jobs had found those jobs; and a theoretical analysis of the structure of social networks.这种令人沮丧的现实让我想起马克#8226;葛兰诺维特(Mark Granovetter)在1973年发表的《弱纽带的力量》(the strength of weak ties)。葛兰诺维特是社会学家,他将两项不相干的研究拉到一起:一个是关于人们怎样找到专业或管理工作的调查;另一个是对社会关系网结构的理论分析。Start with the theoretical observation first: the most irreplaceable social connections, paradoxically, are often rather weak or distant ones. A family group or clique of close friends all tend to know each other and know similar things at similar times. Their social ties are strong but also redundant, in the sense that there are many different paths through which information could pass from one member of that group to another.先谈理论观察:最不可取代的社会关系(听上去有点矛盾)往往是相当薄弱或者遥远的关系。家族或朋友圈成员倾向于在圈子内互相结交,他们在同一个时期知道的事情也大致相同。这种社会纽带虽强但也累赘,也就是说,信息在这些圈子内部的传播渠道非常多。By contrast, “weak ties” between one social cluster and another are valuable precisely because the social contact is unusual. Information passed along a weak tie will often be totally new - and if it doesn#39;t arrive through the weak tie, it is unlikely to arrive at all.与此形成反差的是,不同社会群体之间的“弱纽带”有价值,正是因为这样的社会联系不寻常。通过弱纽带传递的信息往往是全新的——换言之,如果不通过弱纽带,新信息可能压根传递不过来。Granovetter then supplemented this theoretical idea with his survey, showing that it was very common for people to find jobs - especially managerial jobs and jobs with which they were satisfied - through personal contacts. The old saw is true: it#39;s not what you know, it#39;s who you know. Or as Granovetter put it in his book Finding a Job, what matters most is “one#39;s position in a social network”.葛兰诺维特接着通过自己的调查对上述理论进行补充。调查显示,人们常常通过个人关系找到工作(尤其是管理工作,或者是称心如意的工作)。老话说得对:知道什么不重要,认识谁才重要。或套用葛兰诺维特在其著作《怎样找工作》(Finding a Job)中的说法,最重要的是“一个人在社会关系网中的位置”。But this is not because of crude nepotism: the key contacts who helped job-seekers find jobs were typically distant rather than close friends - old college contacts, perhaps, or former colleagues. Granovetter#39;s analysis made this finding make sense: it#39;s the more peripheral contacts who tell you things you don#39;t aly know.但这不同于裸的裙带关系:帮助求职者找到工作的关键联系人,一般关系并不密切,算不上老同学、前同事等密友。葛兰诺维特的分析为调查结果提供了合理的解释:比较的联系人才能提供你不知道的信息。More recent research - for instance, a “big data” analysis of millions of mobile phone records conducted by Jukka-Pekka Onnela, Albert-Laszlo Barabasi and others - has backed up Granovetter#39;s argument that the weaker ties are the vital ones.就拿最近一项研究为例,尤卡-佩卡#8226;翁内拉(Jukka-Pekka Onnela),奥尔贝特-拉斯洛#8226;鲍劳巴希(Albert-Laszlo Barabasi)等人分析了数以百万计的手机通话记录,用这些“大数据”对葛兰诺维特的观点提供了持,即弱纽带才是必不可少的。 /201401/273666

  A recent report says we spend an average of two hours and 40 minutes each day looking at a smartphone. That doesn’t mean making calls, but using apps and browsing the Web. Spend that amount of time staring at anything.一个最近的报道称我们平均每天花2小时40分钟看手机。那并不代表着打电话,而是使用一些应用程序和浏览网页。花那一段时间盯着任何东西看。Checked our email in a restaurant, Instagrammed a picture of the food when it arrived, or checked a fact during a conversation only to be drawn into ing more instead of contributing verbally. It’s no secret our lives are being affected by our obsession with smartphones.在餐馆查邮件,当食物到了时拍照上传,在与别人对话时查讯息,更多的注意力在阅读而不是对话。对智能手机的痴迷已经影响了我们的生活,这早就不是一个秘密了。However, never before has this phenomenon been portrayed so poignantly as in the short YouTube film I Forgot My Phone. Despite only being online for a few days, it’s aly been viewed more than 10.5 million times.然而,没有什么能比上传到Youtube的短片《我忘带手机了》更切中要害地表达这个现象了。尽管才上传了几天,这个视频已经被观看超过1050万次了。Ironically, YouTube’s statistics show that the site gets a billion views per day from mobile devices, so a lot of those people watched it on their phone.讽刺的是,Youtube的数据显示了每天Youtube手机终端的浏览量达到10亿次,所以很多人都是用手机观看这个视频的。The short film, written by and starring actress Charlene deGuzman, shows groups of people in various social situations, the majority of which are utterly engrossed by their phones instead of the world around them. It’s depressing because we’ve all seen it, and sad because to a certain extent, we all do it.这个短片是由女演员查勒妮·德古兹曼创作并主演的,表达了当人们聚集在不同的社交场合中,大部分人的注意力都集中在手机上而不是周围的环境。我们看到这些十分沮丧,因为在一定程度上,我们都是这样。 /201309/256207

  

  He#39;s cute, fun, smart and you can#39;t stop thinking about him. Not so fast. While many men may seem ideal after just a few weeks of dating, upon closer inspection, there can be warning signs that you should avoid a relationship with this person. It is important to recognize these warning signs before it#39;s too late.他长得帅,又很有趣,而且聪明,你都没法停下来不去想他。别太快陷进去。有些男人在约会几周后看上去似乎就是理想的另一半,但再仔细观察一下,有些警示信息就会出现了,告诉你这样的男人要不得。尽快发现这些警示很重要,以免后悔莫及。1. The set-in-his-ways guy.只按自己方式做事的男人These men will only become more rigid over time. Dating someone who refuses to do anything new makes for a long-term relationship that is both boring and one-sided. Assuming that he will eventually change and open up to your hobbies is misguided. This will likely never happen.随着年龄的增长,这样的男人只会越来越固执。如果你的约会对象不愿意做些新的事情来维持你们的关系,不让你们的关系变得单调又一边倒的话,假设这样的男人会改变,并且会迎合你的兴趣,那你就太天真了。这种事是绝对不会发生的。2. The pick-up-after-me guy.需要你来料理生活的男人You are his partner, not his maid. Men who expect you to clean up their dishes, pick up their clothes and take care of them as if they are little children on a consistent basis need a really check, and will likely treat you as if you are their mother for the rest of their lives.你是他的另一半,而不是他的女佣。这种男人会指着你来刷盘子、洗衣、照顾他的饮食起居,把自己当成是需要人经常照顾的小孩,而把你当成是他的老妈子。3. The I-don#39;t-know-what-I#39;m-looking-for guy.“我不知道我要什么”的男人One day, he wants a relationship. The next day, he wants kids. Two months later, he#39;s not sure about either. Often times when this line is pulled, its code for ;I#39;m looking for a marriage and kids, just not with you.; Steer clear.今天他想要谈恋爱,明天他想要有孩子,两个月后,他又什么都不确定了。经常出现从这种男人嘴里说出的台词是“我想要结婚,也想要有孩子,不过不是和你。”想想清楚吧,子们。4. The I-need-to-watch-sports-all-the-time guy.“我只想一直看比赛”的男人There#39;s nothing wrong with sitting on the couch and watching sports. Many guys do. But this should never trump the responsibilities of a relationship or take precedence over family obligations. There is a difference between loving sports and having a childish obsession with them. Choose a man who knows the difference.蜷坐在沙发上,看看体育比赛,这没什么不好的,很多男人都会这么做。但是决不能因此而逃避家庭中的责任和义务。热爱体育和孩子气的沉迷比赛是有很大不同的。你要找的男人必须要会分辨其中的差别。5. The I-don#39;t-like-your-friends guy.“我不喜欢你的朋友”的男人No man is more important than your friends. If he doesn#39;t like them and refuses to hang out with them, leave immediately.没有一个男人会比你的朋友更重要。如果他不喜欢你的朋友,不愿意和他们一起出去,那就赶紧离开这个男人。6. The I-get-increasingly-less-romantic-with-each-date guy.“我对约会厌倦了”的男人Many men break out all the stops early on in the dating process, but by the fifth of sixth date, the laziness starts to creep in. While no man should always be expected to plan five-star dates, at the same time, the romance shouldn#39;t just completely fall off a cliff at once. These changes in effort can be very foretelling of how he will be a year or two down the road.在刚开始约会的时候,很多男人都会大献殷勤,但是约会五六次之后,有些男人就懒得翻花样了。当然不能指望男人每次都能策划五星级的约会,但同时要知道浪漫约会不能在达到顶峰后立马结束。这种心思的变化可以预示出一个男人在一两年后是个什么样子。7. The let#39;s-just-stay-in guy.只想在室内待着的男人If you like being indoors more than being outdoors, this may be a good match for you. But men who are constantly suggesting that they want to just stay in and watch a movie early on in the dating game are likely the lazy type, or only out for sex. This will only get worse over time.如果你也是个宅女,那么这样的男人也许适合你。但是男人在约会初期就总是建议待在屋里看电影,那么这个人可能很懒或者只是想和你上床。这种情况会随着时间的推移越来越坏。8. The lack-of-ambition guy.没有抱负的男人Be very wary of men who talk up a big game of what they plan on doing with their lives. Some men with no ambition whatsoever like to talk up a good game, but at the end of the day, they are just saying what they know women want to hear. There is nothing wrong with a guy who wants to grow into a better person, just make sure that he#39;s genuine.对于男人说的关于未来的大计划,要非常谨慎小心。有些没有抱负的男人反而喜欢说些大话,到最后,他们也只是挑女人喜欢听的说罢了。男人如果想要变得更好,那是极好的,但要先确保他是真心的。9. The ;sorry, I#39;m not a big phone person, ; guy.“我不爱打电话”的男人Some men may not like being tied down to a phone, but responding to your text messages or phone calls shouldn#39;t be annoying; it#39;s common courtesy and respect. This is a warning sign of future selfish behavior.有些男人也许的确不爱守着电话,但是回复你的短信或来电却并应该是一件烦人的事,这是一种基本的礼仪和尊重。如果他不爱打电话的话,也许是日后自私的征兆。10. The over-controlling guy.控制欲过强的男人The opposite of number nine, the over-controlling guy must know where ;his woman; his every second of the day and approve of who she is hanging out with. Run from this type of man immediately.与第九条相反,这种男人控制欲过强,他们想要知道“他的女人”每时每刻的动静,要得到他的允许,他的女人才能和别人出去。遇到这种男人还是趁早抽身吧。 /201311/262968。

  

  Most brides dream of throwing a white wedding which will make other women green with envy.大多数新娘梦想着身穿洁白美丽的婚纱,让其他女人羡慕嫉妒恨。But one bride has instead painted herself and her husband-to-be green, for their fairy-tale wedding based on the film Shrek.但有一位新娘与众不同,为了她们童话般的婚礼,她把自己和未婚夫全身涂成绿色。这个童话般的婚礼以动画片《怪物史莱克》为原型。Amanda, 44, and Nathan Gibbs, 39, from Kingswinford, West Midlands planned their rather unusual ceremony after eight years together.44岁的阿曼达和39岁的南森·吉布斯来自西米德兰兹郡金斯温福德,在相恋8年后,他们开始筹备这场非同寻常的婚礼。After losing a number of friends to cancer, the couple decided to dress as the fairytale couple and use the day to raise money for charity.这对夫妻曾失去了好几位因患癌症而去世的朋友,他们决定在婚礼上把自己打扮成童话故事里的人物,并利用这一天为慈善机构筹钱。Dressed in full costume, the pair wed this morning at Priory Hall near Dudley. Guests also dressed up for the themed celebrations - dressing up as the Gingerb Man, Mickey Mouse and Jack Sparrow from Pirates Of The Caribbean.身着盛装,这对新婚夫妇出现在英国Dudley的修道院大厅。婚礼宾客也衣着华,与婚礼主题十分搭配。他们有的打扮成姜饼人,还有的打扮成米老鼠以及加勒比海盗里的杰克·斯派罗。Instead of wedding gifts, the couple - who run an ironing service business, asked that people donate money to Cancer Research.这对夫妻运营熨烫务业务,他们不收新婚礼物,而是请人们为癌症研究捐钱。Mr Gibbs said: #39;In the last 15 months we#39;ve lost seven of our customers to cancer. It just broke our hearts. We wanted to do something to raise awareness of cancer and to encourage more people to go and get checked out.#39;吉布斯先生说:“在过去的15个月中,我们失去了7位身患癌症的朋友。这真的非常令人痛心,我们想做点事来引起人们对癌症的关注,并鼓励更多的人去做身体检查。”The former bricklayer said the couple used to joke that if they ever got married, they would have a fairytale wedding.一位以前当瓦工的朋友说,这对夫妻过去经常开玩笑,说如果他们结婚一定会举办一场童话般的婚礼。#39;It was a standing joke between us. All our friends started getting married and I said ;When we do it we#39;ll have a fairytale wedding. I#39;ll be Shrek and you can be Princess Fiona;.“这是我们之间常开的一个玩笑。我们所有的朋友都先后结婚了,我就开玩笑说‘如果我们结婚,那就来场童话般不一样的婚礼。我扮演史莱克你扮演菲奥娜公主。’”#39;Earlier this year we held a fundraiser for Cancer Research and we were talking about what else we could do when Shrek came on the TV. We turned to each other and laughed.#39;“今年早些时候,我们为癌症研究组织了一场募捐。就在我们正在谈论着还能做些什么的时候,史莱克突然出现在电视上,我们面对面大笑起来。”Plans got under way for the fairytale wedding but the couple were then hit with more bad news.这场童话般的婚礼正在紧锣密鼓地筹备中,但这对夫妻得到了一条坏消息,倍受打击。#39;My sister Donna was diagnosed with breast cancer. It was such a shock. We were trying to do something to help others and then it happened to us.#39;“我堂娜被诊断出患有乳腺癌。这对我们来说真的是个冲击。我们正努力做些事情来帮助别人,但突然它就发生在我们身上了。”Luckily his sister has been given the all-clear but it made the couple even more determined to raise awareness of the disease.幸运的是,他已经脱离病情险境,但这件事使这对夫妻更坚定地去努力唤起人们对这种疾病的意识。Mr Gibbs said: #39;We#39;ve had a great day today and it#39;s fantastic to think the money raised will go towards helping to support those with cancer and their families.吉布斯先生说:“今天我们的大日子过得很棒,筹集的这些钱将被用来持那些身患癌症的患者及患者家属,这令我们感到很奇妙。”#39;Also, if this story encourages just one person who has found a lump to go and get checked out then we will have succeeded.#39;“并且,如果这个故事鼓励了发现肿块的人去做身体检查,即使只有一个人,那么我们也成功了。” /201312/270521

  For Michele Leonhart, the administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, there is no difference between the health effects of marijuana and those of any other illegal drug. “All illegal drugs are bad for people,” she told Congress in 2012, refusing to say whether crack, methamphetamines or prescription painkillers are more addictive or physically harmful than marijuana.在美国禁毒署署长米歇尔·莱昂哈特(Michele Leonhart)看来,大麻引起的健康问题和其他违禁药品引起的健康问题是没有区别的。“所有违禁药品都对人们有害,”她在2012年的时候对国会做了上述表示,但她不愿意评价精炼可卡因、冰毒或处方止痛药是否比大麻更容易上瘾、对身体的危害更大。Her testimony neatly illustrates the vast gap between antiquated federal law enforcement policies and the clear consensus of science that marijuana is far less harmful to human health than most other banned drugs and is less dangerous than the highly addictive but perfectly legal substances known as alcohol and tobacco. Marijuana cannot lead to a fatal overdose. There is little evidence that it causes cancer. Its addictive properties, while present, are low, and the myth that it leads users to more powerful drugs has long since been disproved.关于大麻,科学上已经有清晰的共识,认为它对人体健康的害处远比大多数禁药要小,危险性也比酒精饮料和烟草等合法的高成瘾性物品要低,但莱昂哈特的词反映出,陈旧的联邦法规强制措施与科学共识之间有着巨大的鸿沟。过量使用大麻不会引起致命后果。几乎没有据表明它能致癌。它虽然有成瘾性,但极其微小,关于它会导致使用者尝试更强烈的毒品这一神话早就被明是假的。That doesn’t mean marijuana is harmless; in fact, the potency of current strains may shock those who haven’t tried it for decades, particularly when ingested as food. It can produce a serious dependency, and constant use would interfere with job and school performance. It needs to be kept out of the hands of minors. But, on balance, its downsides are not reasons to impose criminal penalties on its possession, particularly not in a society that permits nicotine use and celebrates drinking.这并不意味着大麻完全无害;事实上,当前品种的药效可能会令几十年没有尝试过它的人感到震惊,特别是作为食物口使用。它可以造成严重的依赖,持续使用会影响工作与学习表现。未成年人必须远离它。但是总体来说,它的副作用并不足以持对持有者施加刑事惩罚,更何况这个社会允许使用尼古丁,还赞美饮酒。Marijuana’s negative health effects are arguments for the same strong regulation that has been effective in curbing abuse of legal substances. Science and government have learned a great deal, for example, about how to keep alcohol out of the hands of minors. Mandatory underage drinking laws and effective marketing campaigns have reduced underage alcohol use to 24.8 percent in 2011, compared with 33.4 percent in 1991. Cigarette use among high school students is at its lowest point ever, largely thanks to tobacco taxes and growing municipal smoking limits. There is aly some early evidence that regulation would also help combat teen marijuana use, which fell after Colorado began broadly regulating medical marijuana in 2010.大麻对健康的负面作用成为对其采取强硬措施的理由,在限制滥用合法物品方面,强硬措施作用显著。科学界与政府已经获得不少经验,比如说,该怎样让未成年人远离酒精饮料。通过禁止法定年龄以下的人饮酒的强制性法令,以及切实有效的市场宣传,2011年,未成年人饮酒率降低到24.8%,低于1991年的33.4%。受益于烟草税和日渐增加的市政吸烟限制规定,中学生的烟草使用率也已达到有史以来的最低点。已有若干早期据表明,制定相关规定有助于减少青少年对大麻的使用——2010年,科罗拉多州开始宏观管理医用大麻,青少年对大麻的使用率也随之下降。Comparing the Dangers危险性对比As with other recreational substances, marijuana’s health effects depend on the frequency of use, the potency and amount of marijuana consumed, and the age of the consumer. Casual use by adults poses little or no risk for healthy people. Its effects are mostly euphoric and mild, whereas alcohol turns some drinkers into barroom brawlers, domestic abusers or maniacs behind the wheel.与其他消遣物相比,大麻对健康的影响视使用频率、药效、使用量,以及使用者的年龄而定。健康的成年人偶尔少量使用,是几乎乃至完全没有任何危险的。大麻的效果主要是令人精神愉快,变得温和,而酒精则会令有些饮酒者在酒吧里惹是生非,在家里施行暴力,或者危险驾驶。An independent scientific committee in Britain compared 20 drugs in 2010 for the harms they caused to individual users and to society as a whole through crime, family breakdown, absenteeism, and other social ills. Adding up all the damage, the panel estimated that alcohol was the most harmful drug, followed by heroin and crack cocaine. Marijuana ranked eighth, having slightly more than one-fourth the harm of alcohol.2010年,一个英国独立科学委员会对比了20种药品对个体使用者的伤害,乃至对社会整体的伤害(包括导致犯罪、家庭破裂、旷工旷课,乃至其他社会问题)。将所有的伤害综合在一起后,该小组认为酒精是最有害的物品,海洛因与精炼可卡因紧随其后。大麻位列第八,伤害性约相当于酒精的1/4多一点。Federal scientists say that the damage caused by alcohol and tobacco is higher because they are legally available; if marijuana were legally and easily obtainable, they say, the number of people suffering harm would rise. However, a 1995 study for the World Health Organization concluded that even if usage of marijuana increased to the levels of alcohol and tobacco, it would be unlikely to produce public health effects approaching those of alcohol and tobacco in Western societies.联邦政府的科学家说,酒精与烟草带来的伤害较高,主要是因为它们可以合法获取,因此他们认为,如果大麻也合法化、可以轻松获取的话,那么受到伤害的人数也会增加。然而,1995年,世界卫生组织的一项研究推断,即便大麻的使用率增长到和酒精与烟草同样的水平,它在西方社会所引发的公共健康问题也不太可能达到酒精与烟草的程度。Most of the risks of marijuana use are “small to moderate in size,” the study said. “In aggregate, they are unlikely to produce public health problems comparable in scale to those currently produced by alcohol and tobacco.”这项研究声称,使用大麻所带来的大部分危险在等级上处于“很小或中等程度”。“总体而言,它导致的公共健康问题不太可能达到目前烟草与酒精所导致的这种规模。”While tobacco causes cancer, and alcohol abuse can lead to cirrhosis, no clear causal connection between marijuana and a deadly disease has been made. Experts at the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the scientific arm of the federal anti-drug campaign, published a review of the adverse health effects of marijuana in June that pointed to a few disease risks but was remarkably frank in acknowledging widesp uncertainties. Though the authors believed that legalization would expose more people to health hazards, they said the link to lung cancer is “unclear,” and that it is lower than the risk of smoking tobacco.吸烟会导致癌症,酗酒则会导致肝硬化,而大麻与任何致死疾病之间都没有清晰的因果联系。国家药物滥用研究所的专家们是联邦反毒品行动中的科学力量,他们于6月发布了一份关于大麻对健康损害的报告,指出大麻有若干致病风险,但它也非常坦白地承认,这些风险存在着不确定性。尽管报告作者们相信,大麻合法化会使得更多人蒙受健康风险,但报告也说大麻与肺癌之间的关系“不明确”,而且吸大麻比吸烟的风险要低。The very heaviest users can experience symptoms of bronchitis, such as wheezing and coughing, but moderate smoking poses little risk. A 2012 study found that smoking a joint a day for seven years was not associated with adverse effects on pulmonary function. Experts say that marijuana increases the heart rate and the volume of blood pumped by the heart, but that poses a risk mostly to older users who aly have cardiac or other health problems.最为频繁的大麻使用者会有气管炎的症状,比如气喘和咳嗽,但一般用量的使用者风险很小。一项2012年的研究表明,连续七年每日吸一大麻卷烟不会引起肺功能损害。专家说大麻会加快心率,以及心脏的供血量,但这主要是对已经患有心脏病和其他健康问题的老年使用者有风险。How Addictive Is Marijuana?大麻的成瘾性有多高?Marijuana isn’t addictive in the same sense as heroin, from which withdrawal is an agonizing, physical ordeal. But it can interact with pleasure centers in the brain and can create a strong sense of psychological dependence that addiction experts say can be very difficult to break. Heavy users may find they need to take larger and larger doses to get the effects they want. When they try to stop, some get withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, sleeping difficulties and anxiety that are usually described as relatively mild.大麻的成瘾性与海洛因完全不能相提并论。戒除海洛因非常痛苦,是对身体的严峻考验。但是大麻可以与大脑中的快乐神经中枢互动,产生强烈的精神依赖,药物成瘾专家说这种联系很难消除。重度使用者可能会需要更大的剂量,才能达到自己想要的效果。想要停止使用时,会出现易怒、睡眠障碍和焦虑等戒断症状,这些症状通常被描述为相对轻微。The American Society of Addiction Medicine, the largest association of physicians specializing in addiction, issued a white paper in 2012 opposing legalization because “marijuana is not a safe and harmless substance” and marijuana addiction “is a significant health problem.”美国成瘾药物协会是最大的专攻成瘾药物的医生组织,2012年,它发表了一份白皮书,反对大麻合法化,因为“大麻不是一种安全无害的物品”,而且大麻成瘾“是严重的健康问题”。Nonetheless, that health problem is far less significant than for other substances, legal and illegal. The Institute of Medicine, the health arm of the National Academy of Sciences, said in a 1999 study that 32 percent of tobacco users become dependent, as do 23 percent of heroin users, 17 percent of cocaine users, and 15 percent of alcohol drinkers. But only 9 percent of marijuana users develop a dependence.不管怎样,这种健康问题远比其他合法或不合法物品所带来的健康问题要轻微得多。药学研究中心是国家科学院的健康分部,它在1999年的一份研究报告中说,32%的吸烟者会上瘾,23%的海洛因使用者会上瘾,17%的可卡因使用者会上瘾,15%的饮酒者会上瘾,但只有9%的大麻使用者会上瘾。“Although few marijuana users develop dependence, some do,” according to the study. “But they appear to be less likely to do so than users of other drugs (including alcohol and nicotine), and marijuana dependence appears to be less severe than dependence on other drugs.”“大麻上瘾者人数很少,但确实有人会上瘾,”这项研究说,“但是和使用其他药品(包括酒精与尼古丁)相比,大麻的成瘾率很低。”There’s no need to ban a substance that has less than a third of the addictive potential of cigarettes, but state governments can discourage heavy use through taxes and education campaigns and help provide treatment for those who wish to quit.完全没有必要禁止一种成瘾率不到香烟1/3的东西,但各州政府可以通过征收重税和教育来防止人们大量使用大麻,并对需要戒断的人提供治疗。Impact on Young People对年轻人的影响One of the favorite arguments of legalization opponents is that marijuana is the pathway to more dangerous drugs. But a wide variety of researchers have found no causal factor pushing users up the ladder of harm. While 111 million Americans have tried marijuana, only a third of that number have tried cocaine, and only 4 percent heroin. People who try marijuana are more likely than the general population to try other drugs, but that doesn’t mean marijuana prompted them to do so.反对大麻合法化的人最常用的论据之一,就是大麻会导致使用者尝试更危险的毒品。但各种广泛研究明,大麻与使用者升级使用更危险的物品之间不存在因果关系。1.11亿美国人都曾尝试使用大麻,尝试使用可卡因的人只有该数字的1/3,尝试使用海洛因的人只相当于这个数字的4%。在使用大麻的人群中,尝试其他毒品的人数比例要比普通人群为高,但并不是大麻导致了此行为。Marijuana “does not appear to be a gateway drug to the extent that it is the cause or even that it is the most significant predictor of serious drug abuse,” the Institute of Medicine study said. The real gateway drugs are tobacco and alcohol, which young people turn to first before trying marijuana.药学研究中心的报告说,大麻“并不是一种入门药物,并不是药物严重滥用的原因,甚至也不是药物严重滥用的重要预示因素”。真正的入门药物是烟草和酒精,年轻人早在尝试大麻之前就已经接触到它们了。It’s clear, though, that marijuana is now far too easy for minors to obtain, which remains a significant problem. The brain undergoes active development until about age 21, and there is evidence that young people are more vulnerable to the adverse effects of marijuana.不过,对于未成年人来说,如今获取大麻显然非常容易,这仍然是个严重的问题。大脑发育活动要持续到21岁,有据表明年轻人更容易受大麻副作用影响。A long-term study based in New Zealand, published in 2012, found that people who began smoking heavily in their teens and continued into adulthood lost an average of eight I.Q. points by age 38 that could not be fully restored. A Canadian study published in 2002 also found an I.Q. loss among heavy school-age users who smoked at least five joints a week.2012年,一项新西兰的长期研究表明,从十几岁开始大量使用大麻,并在成年期持续使用大麻的人到38岁时智商会下降8分,无法完全恢复。另一项加拿大于2002年发布的研究表明,学龄期大量使用大麻(每周至少吸五大麻烟卷)会导致智商下降。The case is not completely settled. The New Zealand study was challenged by a Norwegian researcher who said socio-economic factors may have played a role in the I.Q. loss. But the recent review by experts at the National Institute on Drug Abuse concluded that adults who smoked heavily in adolescence had impaired neural connections that interfered with the functioning of their brains. Early and frequent marijuana use has also been associated with poor grades, apathy and dropping out of school, but it is unclear whether consumption triggered the poor grades.这项结论并未完全定案。新西兰的研究受到挪威一个研究者的质疑,他声称社会经济因素也可能导致智商下降。但国家药物滥用研究所最近的专家报告认为,从青春期就大量使用大麻的人的神经连接会受到损害,从而影响大脑功能。过早经常使用大麻也与成绩不佳、缺乏兴趣和辍学有关,但成绩不佳是否由使用大麻导致,目前尚不明确。Restricting marijuana to adults is more important now that Colorado merchants are selling THC, the drug’s active ingredient, in candy bars, cookies and other edible forms likely to appeal to minors. Experience in Colorado has shown that people can quickly ingest large amounts of THC that way, which can produce frightening hallucinations.目前,更重要的是把大麻的使用局限在成年人范围之内,科罗拉多州商人正在贩卖掺入四氢大麻酚(这是大麻的活性成分,简称THC)的糖果、饼干,以及其他可食用物品,这对未成年人来说可能很有吸引力。科罗拉多的经验表明人们可以通过食用途径,迅速吸收大量THC,这有可能导致可怕的幻觉。Although marijuana use had been declining among high school students for more than a decade, in recent years it has started to climb, in contrast to continuing declines in cigarette smoking and alcohol use. Marijuana was found -- alone or in combination with other drugs -- in more than 455,000 patients visiting emergency rooms in 2011. Nearly 70 percent of the teenagers in residential substance-abuse programs run by Phoenix House, which operates drug and alcohol treatment centers in 10 states, listed marijuana as their primary problem.尽管十年多以来,大麻在高中生中的使用率已经下降,但近年又开始出现攀升,与此同时,吸烟和喝酒的比例一直在下降。2011年,有45.5万名急诊病人被发现使用大麻(以及其他药品)。“凤凰屋”(Phoenix House)在10个州中经营着毒品与酗酒治疗中心,在它所主办的家庭反滥用毒品计划中,近70%的受助青少年将大麻列为自己最初的问题。Those are challenges for regulators in any state that chooses to legalize marijuana. But they are familiar challenges, and they will become easier for governments to deal with once more of them bring legal marijuana under tight regulation.这些都是选择将大麻合法化的各州管理者所面临的挑战。但这都是一些熟悉的挑战,各州政府一旦将合法化的大麻置于严格管理之下,问题就会变得容易应付得多。 /201408/322918

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