成都第一人民医院预约挂号成都新都区生宝宝多少钱-- :55:50 来源：kekenet双流县第一人民医院治疗早泄多少钱 四六级资讯 The Relationship between Brain Process with Mental Experi 阅读练习与讲义 -- :55: 来源： The Relationship between Brain Process with Mental Experience By 1950, the results of attempts to relate brain processes to mental experience appeared rather discouraging. Such variations in size, shape, chemistry, conduction speed, excitation threshold, and the like as had been demonstrated in nerve cells remained negligible in significance any possible correlation with the manifold dimensions of mental experience. Near the turn of the century, it had been suggested by Hering that different modes of sensation, such as pain, taste and color, might be correlated with the discharge of specific kinds of nervous energy, However, subsequently developed methods of recording and analyzing nerve potentials failed to reveal any such qualitative diversity. It was possible to demonstrate by other methods refined structural differences among neuron types; however, proof was lacking that the quality of the impulse or its conduction was influenced by these differences, which seemed instead to influence the developmental patterning of the neural circuits. Although qualitative variance among nerve rigidly disproved, the doctrine was generally abandoned in favor of the opposing view, namely, that nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous in quality and are transmitted as “common currency” throughout the nervous system. According to this theory, it is not the quality of the sensory nerve impulses that determines the diverse conscious sensations they produce, but, rather, the different areas of the brain into which they discharge, and there is some evidence this view. In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on. Other experiments revealed slight variations in the size, number, arrangement, and interconnection of the nerve cells, but as as psychoneural correlations were concerned, the obvious similarities of these sensory fields to each other seemed much more remarkable than any of the minute differences. However, cortical as diverse as those of red, black, green and white, or touch, cold, warmth, movement, pain, posture and pressure apparently may arise through activation of the same cortical areas. What seemed to remain was some kind of differential patterning effects in the brain excitation: it is the difference in the central distribution of impulses that counts. In short, Brain theory suggested a correlation between mental experience and the activity of relatively homogenous nerve-cell s conducting essentially homogeneous impulses through homogeneous cerebral tissue. To match the multiple dimensions of mental experience psychologists could only point to a limitless variation in the spatiotemporal patterning of nerve impulses. Vocabulary 1. Up until 1950, efts to establish that brain processes and mental experience are related would most likely have been met with [A]. vexation. [B]. irritability. [C]. discouragement [D]. neutrality . The author mentions “common currency” primarily in order to emphasize the______. [A]. lack of differentiation among nerve impulses in human beings. [B]. similarities in the views of the scientists. [C]. similarity of sensations of human beings. [D]. continuous passage of nerve impulses through the nervous system. 3. Which of the following theories is reinced by the depiction of the experiment in lines —19? [A]. Cognitive experience manifested by sensory nerve impulses are influenced by the area of the brain stimulated. [B]. Qualitative diversity in nerve potentials can now be studied more accurately. [C]. Sensory stimuli are heterogeneous and are greatly influenced by the nerve sensors they produce. [D]. Differentiation in neural modalities influences the length of nerve transmissions. . It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following exhibit the LEAST qualitative variation? [A]. Nerve cells. [B]. Nerve impulses. [C]. Cortical areas. [C]. Spatial patterns of nerve impulses. Vocabulary 1. mental experiences 精神感受 . discharge 释放 3. negligible 微小的，可以忽略不计的 . manifold 多种多样的，多方面 5. neuron 神经元细胞 6. neural (中枢)神经的(系统) 7. qualitative diversity 质的多样性，量变的 8. disprove 反驳，反 9. homogeneous 相似的 . sensory nerve 感觉神经 . cortical 外皮的，皮质的 . cerebral cortex 大脑皮层 . locus 地点，区域 . psychoneural 精神神经 . heterogeneous 异源的，异种的，异体的 . spatiotenporal 时空的 难句译注 1. Such variations in size, shape, chemistry, conduction speed, excitation threshold, and the like as had been demonstrated in nerve cells remained negligible in significance any possible correlation with the manifold dimensions of mental experience. [结构分析] 句型为such…as 可as 具有关系代词作用，此处作从句中had been demonstrated 的主语 [参考译文] 神经细胞中所显示的诸如在尺寸，形状，化学，神经脉冲中传导速度，激发界限等方面的那种变化差异对多方面的精神感受可能有联系来说仍然意义不大 . It was possible to demonstrate by other methods refined structural differences among neuron types; however, proof was lacking that the quality of the impulse or its conduction was influenced by these differences, which seemed instead to influence the developmental patterning of the neural circuits. [参考译文] 有可能用其他办法来显示神经类型之间细微的结构差异可是，缺乏据实脉冲的或者其脉冲传导的质量受这些差别的影响相反，这种质量看起来它却影响了中枢神经循环的进展模式 3. In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on. [结构分析] 主从句后面跟解释性同位语：that is …… [参考译文] 在一个实验中，当电刺激作用于有意识的人体大脑皮层的某个感觉部位，它对这个特定部位产生一种恰如其分的感觉道，也就是说，视觉来自视觉皮层，听觉来自听皮层，以此类推 . Other experiments revealed slight variations in the size, number, arrangement, and interconnection of the nerve cells, but as as psychoneural correlations were concerned, the obvious similarities of these sensory fields to each other seemed much more remarkable than any of the minute differences. [参考译文] 其他实验揭示了神经细胞在尺寸，数目，排列和相互联结上的细微变化可是，就精神神经相互关系而论，这些感觉部位相互之间明显的相似性似乎比任何细微差异更为明显多 5. In short, Brain theory suggested a correlation between mental experience and the activity of relatively homogenous nerve-cell s conducting essentially homogeneous impulses through homogeneous cerebral tissue. [参考译文] 总之，大脑理论说明精神感觉和相对相似的神经细胞单位的活动有关系这种活动通过相似的大脑皮层组织传导的基本相似的脉冲 写作方法与文章大意 文章是对“大脑神经活动和精神感受关系的探讨”采用时空写法先从1950年，探索两者关系的结果令人沮丧谈起在临近本世纪转折时期，由赫林提出的不同的感觉态可能和某种神经能量有关经过一系列理论和经验探索，最后得出大脑理论说明神经感受和相对相似的神经细胞单位活动有关的结论这是一种通过相似的大脑结构引导相似脉冲的活动 祥解 1. C. 令人失望见文章的第一句话“到了1950年，大脑活动过程和精神感受有关系的实验结果看起来令人沮丧” A. 令人恼火 B. 激怒 D. 中立 均不对 . A. 在人的神经脉冲中缺少变异(差别)Common currency 本义是一般通用这里的上下问决定了它的含义“无变异脉冲(普通脉冲)”第二段“虽然神经能量中的质变理论从没有受到严厉的驳斥，但这一学说被普遍放弃，而赞成其对立的观点;那就是：神经脉冲在质量沙锅内基本相似，并作为无变异脉冲(普通脉冲)经神经系统传送”所以普通脉冲就是指神经脉冲无变异，在质量上基本相似 B. 科学家观点上的相似性 C. 人类感觉相似性 D. 神经脉冲连续不断通过神经系统这三项和common currency 无关 3. A. 受刺激的大脑部位影响感觉神经脉冲所显示的认知感受在第二道题译文下面“根据这一理论，不是感觉神经脉冲的质量决定它们所产生的各种有意识的感觉而是由脉冲在大脑中释放的不同部位决定，并且有据明这一论点”见难句译注3 B. 现在对神经潜力的质量变化可以进行更精的研究 C. 感官刺激是异源的，并深受它们所产生的神经感觉(感受器)的影响 D. 神经形态上的差异影响神经传递长度 . B. 神经脉冲这在第题A中译注(即第二段)已有明确的答复“神经脉冲在质量上基本相似……” A. 神经细胞见难句译注，“有可能用其他办法来显示神经细胞类型之间细微的结构差异” C. 外皮区域(部位) D. 神经脉冲空间模式见难句译注5和本文最后一句“为了和精神感受多样性吻合，心理学家只能指明神经脉冲时空模式上的无限差异”这说明，它不是 “Least qualitative variation.” 讲义四六级写作冲刺阶段最强思路梳理 --9 3:19: 来源： 1、六个功能段落： (1) 现象阐述段落 At present, there isno denying the fact that … plays an increasingly important part in our dailylife. …status as the focus of public concern mainlyresults from its profound influence on individuals, collective and even thewhole world. ()观点阐述段落 A close inspection ofthis argument would reveal how flimsy it is. Some believe that (观点1)，while others argue that (观点). As me, I agree to the mer latter idea because its advantages outweigh its disadvantages.There are dozens of reasons behind my belief. Generally speaking, theadvantages can be listed as follows. First of all…. The second reason that canbe seen by every person is that… (3)原因分析段落 There are many reasonsresponsible this phenomenoncaseinstance and the following are the typicalones. The first reason is that… Thesecond reason is that ... The typical example is that …. ()正面展望段落 … iscrucial every individual. With its power, it can not only accelerate …. butserve as an efficient instrument individuals to …. Where there is better…,there are more…. When we are benefiting from …, we shall do our utmost tomaintain… to ensure ourselves a brighter future. (5)解决措施段落 Onlyby these means can we succeed in solving the problem in the near future. Theree,measures should be taken to terminate the ridiculous affair. First, governmentshould establish some regulations to ….. What’s more, people should get yto …. Finally, I can safely come to the conclusion that is it high time weenhanced the awareness of …. (6)图画表描述段落 As is vividly depicted in the picture….The purpose of the drawings is to show us that…, yet the symbolic meaningsubtly conveyed should be taken more seriously. 、了解四,六级写作考试的题目类型： (1) 正面反面现象阐述型 () 问题解决型 (3) 图表漫画型 3、针对题型灵活套用功能段落，将手中准备功能段落进行合理灵活的排列组合 (1) 正面反面现象 (年月四级How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent?) 第一段：现象阐述 第二段：现象产生原因 第三段：正面展望反面问题解决 () 问题解决型(年6月六级 SayNo to Pirated Products) 第一段：现象阐述 第二段：问题产生原因 第三段：解决问题方法 (3) 漫画图表型(年6月四级漫画) 第一段：图画图表描述 第二段：分析图表图画产生的原因 或 阐述针对图表漫画的现象进行观点的阐述 第三段：正面图： 展望未来 或 负面图： 解决措施 () 观点阐述型(00年6月六级Is a Test Of Spoken English Necessary?) 第一段：描述话题，引出观点 第二段：持以及反对观点的阐述 第三段：总结观点青白江区第一人民医院男科专家挂号
都江堰市中医院属于几级考研英语 考研英语书信作文十种经典框架 -01- :58:01 来源： 一、投诉信 Dear , ①I am （自我介绍）. ②I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about. ③The reason my dissatisfaction is （总体介绍）. ④In the first place, （抱怨的第一个方面）. ⑤In addition, （抱怨的第二个方面）. ⑥Under these circumstances, I find it （感觉） to （抱怨的方面给你带来的后果）. ⑦I appreciate it very much if you could （提出建议和请求）, preferably （进一步的要求）, and I would like to have this matter settled by （设定解决事情最后期限）. ⑧Thank you your consideration and I will be looking ward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 二、求职信 Dear Sir or Madam, ①I write this letter to apply the position that you have advertised in （报纸名称）of （广告发布时间）. ②Not only do I have the qualifications this job, but I also have the right personality a （工作名称）. ③In the one hand, （第一个原因）. ④On the other hand, （另一个原因）. ⑤Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. ⑥If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at （电话号码）. ⑦Thank you considering my application, and I am looking ward to meeting you. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 三、建议信 Dear , ①You have asked me my advice with regard to , and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here. ②In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions: （建议的内容）. ③I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be y to discuss this matter with you to further details. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 四、请求信 Dear , ①I am writing to mally request to （请求的内容）. ②The reason is that （给出原因）. ③I , so I （给出细节）. ④I would also like to request （提出进一步的要求）. ⑤I am sorry any inconvenience I have caused. ⑥Thank you your attention to these requests. ⑦If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact me at （电话号码）. ⑧I look ward to a favorable reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 五、邀请信 Dear , ①There will be a （内容） atin （地点） on （时间）. ②We would be honored to have you there with us. ③The occasion will start at （具体时间）. ④This will be followed by a （进一步的安排）. ⑤At around （时间）, （另一个安排）. ⑥I really hope you can make it. ⑦RSVP bee （通知你的最后期限）. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 六、道歉信 Dear , ①I am truly sorry that （道歉的原因）. ②The reason is that （介绍原因）. ③Once again, I am sorry any inconvenience caused. ④Hope you can accept my appologies and understand my situation. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 七、感谢信 Dear , ①I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude （感谢的原因）. ②If it had not been your assistance in （对方给予的具体帮助）, I fear that I would have been （没有对方帮助时的后果）. ③Every one agrees that it was you who （给出细节）. ④Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 八、询问信 Dear , ①I am （自我介绍）. ②I am writing to see if it is possible you to provide me with inmation regarding （要询问的内容）. ③First of all, what are （第一个问题）? ④Secondly, when will （第二个问题）?⑤Thirdly, is （第三个问题）? ⑥I would also like to inquire （将最重要的问题单独成段）. ⑦Could you be so kind as to send me some relevant booklets on the above-mentioned aspects? ⑧Thank you you kindness, and your prompt attention to this letter will be highly appreciated. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 九、推荐信（求职求学） Dear , ①It afds me much pleasure to recommend （要推荐的人）to you.②During hisher graduate years heshe was my . ③As hisher I found himher （介绍与此人的关系）. ④HisHer permance in the school years was outstanding. ⑤First, heshe had been and showed great talents in . ⑥In addition, heshe has a very pleasant personality. ⑦He has developed a strong sense of , and working with him is always. ⑧I can state that heshe has all the qualities of being .（介绍此人的能力） ⑨Theree, I here recommend himher to you with all my heart. ⑩Should you favor himher with a position in your companyShould you accept himher in your university？ I am sure that hisher future conductacademic work will prove worthy of your confidence. I look ward to hearing from you at the earliest possible moment. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 十、祝贺信 Dear , ①I have learned with delight that you (祝贺事由).②I would like to extend to you my utmost congratulations on . ③You must be . ④And I feel very happy you. ⑤ (所取得的成绩)is quite exciting news! ⑥I know this is surely owing to (被祝贺人过去的努力).⑦It is a reward you richly deserve your (被祝贺人的优点). ⑧Kindly let me know when you (咨询对方何时有空).⑨I hope (表达自己的愿望).⑩My best wishes your further success. Yours sincerely, Li Ming彭州市人民医治疗宫颈糜烂多少钱 ．He is as sly as a fox. You've got to watch him.四川成都哪些医院看泌尿外科好?
四川省成都妇幼保健中医英语能力>英语作文>高考英语作文 一封感谢信（A Letter of Thanks） -- :56:7 来源： Dear Mr. John,How are things going with you in Beijing?I am writing to show my thanks to you. You tutored me in my spoken English bee you went to Beijing. With your help I made such rapid progress that I won the first place in the Spoken English Competition of the city. My achievement is owed to your help. Thank you very much.I have heard that you and your wife will pay a visit to my school. I am very glad at the news. In that case we can see each other again. I am looking ward to your coming. I am sending you a telescope as a small gift. I hope you will like it.All the best.Yours, Liu Jie 亲爱的约翰先生： 您在北京过得怎么样?我写信向您表达我的谢意去北京前您辅导我的英语口语在您的帮助下我很快取得进步，所以能在市里举办的英语口语比赛中取得第一名我的成绩应该归功于您的帮助非常感谢我听说您和您的夫人要来我们学校访问听到这个消息我非常高兴那样的话我们就又可以见面了期盼着您的到来我给您寄去一件小礼物“望远镜”希望您喜欢万事如意您的朋友 刘杰 一封 感谢信 Letter 年6月四级翻译训练：中国务产业 -- 1:: 来源： 年6月四级翻译训练：中国务产业 上个月中国务产业有了较快增长，这加快了国家经济增长根据北京国家统计局(Beijing-based National Bureau of Statistics)和中国物流与采购联合会(China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing)的 数据，非制造业釆购经理人指数(the non-manufacturing Purchasing Managers" Index) 二月份的时候从5.5上升到55.6，而根斯坦利亚太指数(the HS Holdings Pic and Markit Economics indexes)从 5.1上升到5.3，达到5月以来的最高水平 参考翻译： The Chinese service industries grew at a faster pace last month which helped to accelerate the nation’s economy growth. According to the figures from Beijing-based National Bureau of Statistics and China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, the non-manufacturing Purchas?ing Managers’ Index rose to 55.6 from 5.5 in February, while the HS Holdings Pic and Markit Economics indexes rose to from 5.1 to 5.3, its highest level since May.四川省成都妇幼医院四维彩超价格青白江区疏通输卵管四川妇幼保健院在那里 四川省妇幼医院要预约吗 四川成都在线咨询医院39对话 四川中西医结合医院怎么走 医苑门户内江市妇幼保健院上班时间 成都军区总医院联系电话 青白江区妇幼保健院地址在哪 四川第四人民医院正规吗中华口碑四川省肿瘤医院妇科专家大夫 咨询知识达州市妇幼保健院专家咨询69共享