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2019年10月20日 17:52:39 | 作者:预约新闻 | 来源:新华社
Thousands ogle NZs topless paradeTopless porn stars pass a large crowd of onlookers during the 'Boobs on Bikes' parade of topless women down Queen Street to promote this weekend's Erotica Adult Expo in Auckland.A parade of 20 topless female porn stars on motorbikes brought the centre of Auckland to a standstill as crowds craned their necks for a glimpse in the noon of Aug 23.The "Boobs on Bikes" parade went ahead despite Auckland mayor Dick Hubbard labelling the promotion for an erotica show as "morally repugnant".The porn stars in studded knee-high boots, black leather pants and little else travelled in a convoy down the city's main thoroughfare Queen Street.A mostly male crowd wielding camera phones and cameras massed along the street as two armoured ex-military vehicles and motorbikes carrying 20 topless women and a few men drove by.Afuroreover the parade -- which has been held for the last several years in New Zealand's largest city -- brought out the biggest crowds ever for the spectacle.Parade organizer Steve Crow had applied to Hubbard's city council for a permit to hold the parade but was turned down at last. However, the spectacle could not be stopped because there is no law against women baring their breasts in public."The only way they could legally stop it would be to change the constitution of New Zealand and remove women's rights to bare their breasts in public," Crow said.8月23日中午,20名露点“色情女星”坐着托车在奥克兰市中心巡游,很多人前来围观,把奥克兰市中心堵的水泄不通。尽管奥克兰市市长迪克·哈巴德将这个为某“色情艺术展”所做的宣传活动评价为“道德败坏”,但 “坦胸托行”仍然进行的如火如荼。这些露点明星脚穿镶有饰钉的过膝长靴,下着黑色皮裤,上身,坐着托车沿着奥克兰市的中央大道“皇后街”巡游。当两辆原军用装甲车和托车载着20名露点女星和几个男人驶过大街,围在街道旁边的一群男人纷纷举起手机和摄像机拍照。过去几年,人们对这个在新西兰最大城市举行的游行一直很狂热。而今年的游行引来的围观者是这几年来最多的。之前,哈巴德领导的市议会没有批准游行组织者史蒂夫·克劳提出的游行申请,但游行还是照常举行了,因为没有法律规定女性不能在公共场合袒露上身。克劳说:“除非修改新西兰宪法,禁止女性在公共场所袒胸露怀,否则,市政府没有合法权力阻止我们举办这个游行。”Vocabulary:morally repugnant : 道德败坏furore: frenzy(狂热) /200808/46205

Earlier this year snakes of people camped outside Tesla stores to place orders for the Model 3 electric car, handing over ,000 deposits even though they had not seen the vehicle’s full design or specification.今年早些时候,人们在特斯拉(Tesla)门店外面露宿排队,预定Model 3电动汽车,并交了1000美元订金,即便他们还没有见过这款车的完整设计或规格参数。The company, the biggest carmaker never to use an internal combustion engine, has achieved a market value of bn when producing just 50,000 cars a year — compared with a valuation of bn for General Motors, which last year made more than 6m cars.特斯拉是世界上最大的从不使用内燃机的汽车制造商,该公司在每年仅生产5万辆汽车的时候,市值就已达到330亿美元,相比之下,通用汽车(General Motors)的市值为470亿美元,而去年该公司的产量超过600万辆。Yet despite Tesla’s sales success, take-up of electric vehicles among consumers remains tiny. Fully electric cars (those without a combustion engine) account for less than 1 per cent of new car sales in the UK — which only rises fractionally when hybrids are included.然而,尽管特斯拉在销售上取得成功,但接受电动汽车的消费者仍然很少。纯电动汽车(那些没有内燃机的汽车)在英国新车销售中的比例不足1%——即便算上混合动力车,这个比例也只是略有提高。Road transport accounts for more than 17 per cent of global CO2 emissions, according to figures from Transport amp; Environment, an environmental lobby group. Migrating car use to electric vehicles could make a big contribution to curbing man-made carbon emissions. Greg Archer, a director at the group, says: “Combined with the rapidly falling costs for batteries and renewable electricity, it is clear electro-mobility is becoming increasingly affordable and offers an unrivalled opportunity to decarbonise vehicles.”环保游说组织“交通运输与环境”(Transport amp; Environment)的数据显示,全球二氧化碳排放中有逾17%来自道路交通。转向电动汽车可能对遏制人为的碳排放做出重大贡献。该组织董事格雷格#8226;阿切尔(Greg Archer)表示:“加上电池和可再生电力成本快速下降,电力交通显然越来越容易承受,为汽车低碳化提供了无与伦比的机遇。”Large carmakers such as Volkswagen and Fiat are developing either electric or hybrid technology, but this is partly based on attempts to meet stringent environmental emissions standards across their product ranges rather than necessarily satisfying public appetite.大众汽车(Volkswagen)和菲亚特(Fiat)等大型汽车制造商正在开发电动或者混合动力技术,但这在一定程度上只是为了让它们的产品组合在总体上符合严格的环境排放标准,而不一定是为了满足公众胃口。“You have to bear in mind that today for the majority of people, electric vehicles aren’t the right solution for them yet,” says Erik Fairbairn, chief executive at charging infrastructure group Pod Point. “We need to see a development of the tech before we see it becoming mainstream.”充电基础设施运营商Pod Point的首席执行官埃里克#8226;费尔贝恩(Erik Fairbairn)表示:“你必须注意,对绝大多数人来说,电动汽车还不是合适解决方案。我们需要看到这种技术的发展,然后才会看到它成为主流。”Three barriers stand in the way of mass adoption of electric powered vehicles: price, range and ease of charging.电动汽车的大规模普及面临3个障碍:价格、续航里程和充电便利性。The greatest contributor to the price is the battery, which can account for a significant portion of the cost of an electric car. The dominant force in battery powered cars is costly lithium ion technology, the same used in laptops and mobile phones.影响价格的最大因素是电池,它可以占到电动汽车成本的显著比例。影响电池动力车的主导因素是成本高昂的锂电池技术,后者同样应用于笔记本电脑和手机上。A welter of other options are being pursued, from magnesium-based batteries to those that use silicon rather than carbon anodes. Solid state batteries, which promise much greater power and more flexible sizes, are also being investigated.人们正在寻求其他诸多选择,从镁基电池,到那些使用硅而非碳阳极的电池。固态电池也在研制当中,这类电池有望提供更多电力,尺寸也更灵活。Other alternatives to combustion engines include hydrogen fuel cells, which use the planet’s most abundant element to drive their motors.替代内燃机的其他选择包括氢燃料电池,后者使用地球上最充足的元素来驱动汽车。Toyota, which led hybrid adoption with its Prius cars, has aly launched a fully hydrogen-powered model. Once purchased, the cars are supposed to be virtually free to run, with the cost of an electric recharge being minimal.率先在普锐斯(Prius)汽车上采用混合动力的丰田(Toyota),已推出了完全由氢燃料提供动力的车型。一旦买下这款车,就有望近乎免费驾驶,充电成本非常低。The second, and most significant, public concern about electric vehicles is the range. Recent models such as the Nissan Leaf and the BMW i3 are limited to go under 100 miles — though BMW offers a range extender in the form of a petrol-driven engine to recharge the battery as it drives.公众关于电动汽车的第二个、也是最重要的担忧是续航里程。最近推出的日产聆风(Nissan Leaf)和宝马(BMW) i3等车型的续航里程不到100英里,尽管宝马电动汽车在行驶时可以用汽油发动机为电池充电,将其用作一种里程扩增器。Tesla’s Model S and X cars, which claim to travel in excess of 250 miles on a charge, remain prohibitively expensive for many, costing between ,000 and 0,000. Carmakers are pushing to hit a sweet spot on technology and price — a ,000 car that can travel more than 200 miles.特斯拉的Model S和Model X汽车售价在7万美元至12万美元之间,对许多人来说依然极为昂贵——这两款汽车宣称充电一次行驶里程超过250英里。汽车制造商正在努力在技术和价格上达到一个最佳平衡点,即一款售价3.5万美元、续航里程超过200英里的汽车。Tesla’s Model 3, still at least two years from the road, is one example of a vehicle capable of both, but rival models are well under way. The Chevy Bolt, an all-electric car from General Motors, will have roughly the same range and price, while mass-market manufacturer VW has pledged that a quarter of its sales will be electric cars by 2025.特斯拉的Model 3就是一款能够达到这两项要求的汽车,但它至少还要两年才会上路,而竞争对手的车型也在研制之中。通用制造的纯电动汽车Chevy Bolt将会有几乎同样的续航里程和价格,同时大众市场汽车制造商大众承诺,到2025年其四分之一销量将是电动汽车。Once the technology and price reach the right point, adoption could rise to 7-10 per cent, predicts Pod Point’s Mr Fairbairn, “at which point Joe Public will see them everywhere”.Pod Point的费尔贝恩预计,一旦技术和价格达到合适水平,普及率可能升至7%-10%。“在某个点上,电动汽车将随处可见”。The ease and speed of charging both at home and en route are the final hurdle. In the UK, there are about 25,000 installed charging points, of which around 3,000 are publicly available in car parks or on high streets. So-called “destination chargers” — at workplaces, hotels and leisure sites — are also increasingly common. But more are needed to make electric motoring a reliable option for many.在家中和路上充电的便利性和速度是最后的障碍。英国目前有大约2.5万个充电站,其中大约3000个在停车场或商业街,对公众开放。所谓的“目的地充电站”——在工作场所、酒店和休闲场所——也越来越普遍。但还需要建设更多的充电站,从而让电动汽车成为许多人的可靠选择。“Everywhere you park you need charging points,” says Mr Fairbairn. Unlike petrol stations, where motorists can fill up in a few minutes, electric charging takes much longer.费尔贝恩表示:“你泊车的地方都需要有充电站。”与几分钟就能加满油的加油站不同,电动汽车充电花费的时间要长得多。Current technology allows batteries to deliver around 30 miles of range for every hour of charging. It would take the power output of 1,000 kettles to charge a car fully in two minutes, says Mr Fairbairn — and rapid charging is damaging to most batteries. “The nature of electricity doesn’t support the power transfers you need for two minute-charging, even a long way in the future,” he says.当前技术意味着电池每充电1小时可行驶30英里。费尔贝恩表示,在两分钟内充满电将需要1000个电水壶的电力输出,而且快速充电会对大多数电池造成损害。他说:“电力本质上不持两分钟充电所需要的那种电力转换,即使在很遥远的未来也是如此。” /201608/459569

There are more reasons than ever to understand how to protect your personal information.现在比过去任何时候都更需要搞清楚如何保护你的个人信息。Major hacks seem ever more frequent. Investigators believe that a set of top-secret National Security Agency hacking tools were offered to online bidders this summer. 大规模的黑客袭击似乎比以前更加频繁了。调查人员相信,一系列绝密国家安全机构黑客工具在今年夏天被提供给了网上的竞拍者。And many of those worried about expanded government surveillance by the N.S.A. and other agencies have taken steps to secure their communications.他们中有许多人对美国国家安全局(NSA)和其他政府机构不断扩大的监控感到担忧,开始采取措施,保障自身的通信安全。In a recent Medium post, Quincy Larson, the founder of Free Code Camp, an open-source community for learning to code, detailed the reasons it might be useful for people to make their personal data more difficult for attackers to access. 学习编程的开源社区自由编程营(Free Code Camp)创始人昆西#8226;拉森(Quincy Larson)最近在Medium网站发表了一篇文章,详细解释了为何人们将个人数据变得更难让袭击者获得是有益的。“When I use the term ‘attacker’ I mean anyone trying to access your data whom you haven’t given express permission to,” he wrote. “Whether it’s a hacker, a corporation, or even a government.”“这里的‘袭击者’,是指任何未经你的允许试图获取你的数据的人,”他写道。“不管它是黑客、企业,还是政府。”In an interview, Mr. Larson walked us through some of the basic steps he recommended. We added a few of our own, based on additional interviews.在接受采访时,拉森给我介绍了一些他推荐的基本步骤。我们基于其他采访又增添了几条自己的建议。We encourage you to write back with feedback on this article. If the instructions are too vague, the apps aren’t working for you or you have additional questions, we want to hear about it. Send an email to smarterliving@nytimes.com.我们鼓励你就这篇文章写下反馈发给我们。如果你觉得文字说明不够清楚,应用不起作用,或有其他疑问,我们也很乐于知道。请发邮件到smarterliving@nytimes.com。Now, let’s encrypt.现在,让我们开始加密。1. Download Signal, or Start Using WhatsApp to send text messages.1.下载Signal,或使用WhatsApp发送短信。Encryption is a fancy computer-person word for scrambling your data until no one can understand what it says without a key. But encrypting is more complex than just switching a couple of letters around.加密是一个高大上的计算机术语,意思是对你的数据加以处理,直到没有密钥就没有人能理解它为止。但加密绝不仅仅是调换几个字母那么简单。Mr. Larson said that by some estimates, with the default encryption scheme that Apple uses, “you’d have to have a supercomputer crunching day and night for years to be able to unlock a single computer.”拉尔森说,据估计,使用苹果的默认加密方案,“你必须有一台超级计算机昼夜不停的运转很多年,才能解锁一台计算机。”He said that the best way to destroy data was not to delete it, because it could potentially be resurrected from a hard drive, but to encode it in “a secure form of cryptography.”他说,销毁数据的最佳方法是不删除数据,而是以“加密安全形式”进行编码,因为删除的数据可以从硬盘驱动器里恢复。Signal is one of the most popular apps for those who want to protect their text messaging. It is free and extremely easy to use. And unlike Apple’s iMessage, which is also encrypted, the code it uses to operate is open-source.如果你想保护自己的短信,Signal是人气最高的此类应用之一。它是免费的,非常容易使用。苹果的iMessage虽然也是能加密,但Signal使用的代码是开源的,这和iMessage不同。“You can be sure by looking at the code that they’re not doing anything weird with your data,” Mr. Larson said.“看一看代码,你就能确定他们没有对你的数据做过奇怪的事情,”拉尔森说。“In general, the idea behind the app is to make privacy and communication as simple as possible,” said Moxie Marlinspike, the founder of Open Whisper Systems, the organization that developed Signal.“总的来说,这个应用的想法是让隐私保护和交流尽可能地简单,”开发出Signal的公司开放耳语系统(Open Whisper Systems)的创始人莫克西#8226;马林斯派克(Moxie Marlinspike)说。That means that the app allows you to use emojis, send pictures and enter group texts.这意味着该应用允许你使用颜文字、发送图片和群发文字。One bit of friction: You do have to persuade your friends to join the service too, if you want to text them. The app makes that easy to do.有一个不利因素:如果想给朋友们发讯息,就必须说他们也加入该务使用者的行列。但它让这个过程变得很容易。WhatsApp, the popular chat tool, uses Signal’s software to encrypt its messaging. And in Facebook Messenger and Google’s texting app Allo, you can turn on an option that encrypts your messages.很受欢迎的聊天工具WhatsApp使用Signal的软件为自己的通讯信息加密。在Facebook Messenger和谷歌(Google)的通讯应用程序Allo中,你可以启用为讯息加密的选项。Here’s how to do that on Facebook. Here’s how to do it on Allo. 点击这里查看如何在Facebook上这样做。点击这里查看如何在Allo上这样做。Mr. Marlinspike said that the presidential election had sparked a lot of interested in Signal, leading to a “substantial increase in users.”马林斯派克说,总统选举激发了很多人对Signal的兴趣,导致“用户数量大幅增加”。When asked to speculate why that was, Mr. Marlinspike simply said, “Donald Trump is about to be in control of the most powerful, invasive and least accountable surveillance apparatus in the world.”被问及个中原因时,马林斯派克简单地说道,“唐纳德#8226;特朗普(Donald Trump)即将控制世界上最具影响力和侵略性、且最不可能被问责的监控机构。”To download Signal, click here for iOS, or here for Android. 点击这里下载iOS版Signal,或者点击这里下载安卓版Signal。2. Protect your computer’s hard drive with FileVault orBitLocker.2. 用FileVault或者BitLocker保护你的电脑硬件。Your phone may be the device that lives in your pocket, but Mr. Larson described the computer as the real gold mine for personal information.你或许总是把手机带在身边,但马林斯派克认为电脑才是真正的个人信息金矿。Even if your data were password protected, someone who gained access to your computer “would have access to all your files if they were unencrypted.”即便你的数据受到密码保护,某个进入你电脑的人还是“可以看到你的所有文件,如果它们没有被加密的话”。Luckily, both Apple and Windows offer means of automatic encryption that simply need to be turned on.幸运的是,苹果和Windows都提供了自动加密工具,只需启用即可。Here’s the link to do that for Apple computers. Here’s the one for Windows computers. 点击这里为苹果电脑加密。点击这里为使用Windows的电脑加密。3. The way you handle your passwords is probably wrong and bad.3. 你处理密码的方式可能是错误而糟糕的。You know this by now. Changing your passwords frequently is one of the simplest things you can do to protect yourself from digital invasion. 现在你已经知道了这一点。为了保护自己免遭数码入侵,你能做的最简单的事情之一就是常常更换密码。But making up new combinations all the time is a hassle.不过,不停地创建新的密码是一件麻烦事。Mr. Larson recommends password managers, which help store many passwords, with one master password. He said that he uses LastPass, but knows plenty of people who use 1Password and KeePass, and that he doesn’t have a strong reason to recommend one over another. 拉尔森推荐使用可以帮助保存很多密码,且只需记住一个主密码的密码管理器。他说自己用的是LastPass,但知道很多人都在用1Password和KeePass,而他没有什么强有力的理由来建议大家选择某一种而非另外两种。Not every security expert trusts password managers. Some noted that LastPass itself got hacked last year.并非每个安全专家都信任密码管理器。一些专家指出,LastPass本身去年就遭到了入侵。So that means you may want to write them down in one secure location, perhaps a Post-it note at home. It seems more far-fetched that a hacker would bother to break into your home for a Post-it note than find a way into your computer.因此你或许想要把密码写在一个秘密的地方,也许是家里的一张即时贴上。黑客更加没有可能为了设法进入你的电脑而费事闯进你家寻找一张即时贴。If you take that route, we suggest setting a weekly or biweekly calendar reminder to change your passwords.如果你采用这种方法,我们建议你在日历中设定每周一次或者每两周一次的更换密码任务提醒。As far as making passwords up goes: Don’t be precious about it. Use a random word (an object near you while you’re hunched over your Post-it) and a combination of numbers. If you’re writing passwords down, you don’t have to worry about making them memorable.至于密码的创建,建议你不要过分讲究。使用一个随机的词(例如当你凑近即时贴的时候,身旁的一个物件)再加上一组数字。如果你会把密码写下来,就不必担心如何才能让它们便于记忆了。4. Protect your email and other accounts with two-factor authentication. 4. 用两步验保护你的电子邮箱以及其他账号。When you turn this step on, anyone trying to sign in to your email from new devices will have to go through a secondary layer of security: a code to access the inbox that is sent to your phone via text message. (Though sadly, not through Signal.)当你启用这一功能时,任何试图在陌生设备上登陆你的邮箱的人,都必须通过两步验:用以进入邮箱的验码会通过短信发送到你的手机上。(遗憾的是,不是通过Signal。)Here’s the link for turning on two-factor authentication for Gmail accounts.点击这里查看如何为Gmail帐号启用两步验。Here’s the one for Yahoo accounts, and here’s one you can use for Outlook accounts. 点击这里查看如何为雅虎(Yahoo)帐号启用两步验;点击这里查看如何为Outlook帐号启用两步验。You can also set two-factor authentication for social media accounts and other sites. But email is the most important account, since many sites use email for password recovery, a fact that has been exploited by hackers. Once they have access to your email, they can get access to banking, social media, data backups and work accounts.你还可以为社交媒体账号以及其他网站设置两步验。但电子邮箱才是最重要的账号,因为很多网站都用电子邮箱进行密码恢复,黑客们已经在利用这一点了。他们一旦进入你的邮箱,就可以攻克你的、社交媒体、数据备份和工作账号。5. Use a browser plug-in called HTTPS Everywhere.5. 使用一个名叫HTTPS Everywhere的浏览器插件。Mr. Marlinspike recommended this plug-in, developed by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a digital security organization. It ensures that you are accessing the secure form of websites, meaning that your connection to the site will be encrypted, and that you will be protected from various forms of surveillance and hacking.马林斯派克推荐的这个插件是由数字安全机构电子前哨基金会(Electronic Frontier Foundation)开发的。它能确保你以安全的方式访问网站。这意味着你对网站的访问会被加密,从而保护你免遭各种形式的监控和入侵。Download HTTPS Everywhere for Chrome here. For Firefox here. 点击这里下载Chrome版HTTPS Everywhere。点击这里下载火狐(Firefox)版HTTPS Everywhere。Here’s a list of FAQ’s about the plug-in, including whether it is available for other browsers. 点击这里查看关于该插件的常见问题解答,包括它是否适用于其他浏览器。And this is a good time to note that you should always be aware whether the Wi-Fi network you’re using is secure. Public networks — and even private networks without security keys — often are not.借此机会还要指出,你应该时时警惕自己使用的Wi-Fi网络是否安全。公共网络——乃至没有安全密匙的私人网络——通常并不安全。6. Remember that incognito mode isn’t always private.6. 切记,隐身模式并非总能保护隐私。You may be in such a hurry to use this feature, available on Chrome, Safari and Firefox, among other browsers, that you do not heed its clear warning.你或许急匆匆地使用了这个在Chrome、Safari、火狐以及其他一些浏览器上都能见到的功能,却没有注意到它发出的明确警告。On Chrome, the second paragraph of the “incognito” home screen is clear.在Chrome上打开介绍“隐身”模式的页面,第二段写得清清楚楚。“You aren’t invisible,” it says. “Going incognito doesn’t hide your browsing from your employer, your internet service provider, or the websites you visit.”“您的活动并非无法被察觉,”那上面说。“使用隐身模式后,您的雇主、您的互联网务提供商或者您访问的网站本身,还是可以查看您的网站访问活动记录。”Mr. Larson recommended Tor in his article, a browser that allows for private web activity. But we’re not going to recommend that here, mostly because Tor is relatively slow and clunky at the moment.拉尔森在他的文章中推荐了Tor,一款让人得以进行私密网络活动的浏览器。但我们在这里不会做这样的推荐,主要原因是Tor目前较为缓慢和笨重。“I’ll be honest, I don’t use it very often,” Mr. Larson said.“说老实话,我并没有非常频繁地使用它,”拉尔森说。He said that he suspected other browsers would start adding ways to browse more securely.他说他预计其他浏览器也会着手添加能让人更安全地浏览网页的功能。“Apple is very security conscious,” he said. “I wouldn’t be surprised if they started to incorporate Tor-like features into Safari.”“苹果的安全意识非常强,”他说。“如果他们开始把类似于Tor的功能融入Safari,我一点儿也不会感到惊讶。”7. Do sensitive searches in DuckDuckGo.7. 用DuckDuckGo进行较为敏感的搜索。Mr. Larson said that if people were paranoid about Google, he would strongly encourage them to use DuckDuckGo, an alternative search engine.拉尔森说,如果有人对谷歌极度不放心,他会强烈推荐他们使用另一款搜索引擎DuckDuckGo。He said however, that he personally, was not paranoid.不过他说,他本人对谷歌并无成见。“Google is built on the hacker ethic and they have put principle above profits in some aspects,” he said.“谷歌的创建以黑客伦理为基础,他们在某些方面是把原则置于利润之上的,”他说。But he also acknowledged that he meets “people all the time who are extremely skeptical of any large software organization and I think that’s reasonable.” There are trade-offs. Google’s search results are more useful and accurate than competitors’ precisely because of the ways it collects and analyzes information about its customers’ searches.但他也承认,他“常常”遇到“对所有大型软件组织都心怀疑虑的人,而且我觉得他们持这种态度也是合情合理的”。有利就有弊。与竞争对手相比,谷歌的搜索结果更有用,也更准确,但这恰恰是因为它会搜集并分析与用户的搜索活动有关的信息。A Bonus: Cover your webcam with tape.附赠锦囊一枚:用胶带盖住摄像头。That way, if someone has found a way to compromise your computer, they cannot spy on you through its camera.这样一来,即便有人得以入侵你的电脑,也无法通过电脑上的摄像头窥视你。And yes, this happens.没错,这种事情不是没发生过。Happy encryption.祝加密愉快。 /201611/478965

Security experts have uncovered a serious security flaw in Android phones which could leave millions of users vulnerable to hackers. The finding comes from an expert who says that phones running full disk encryption (FDE) and Qualcomm chips are most at risk.安全专家最近披露了安卓手机存在的一个严重安全漏洞,这将使得数以百万计的用户容易受到黑客的攻击。公布这一发现的一位专家表示,使用全磁盘加密和高通芯片的手机是最危险的。An investigation by security analyst Gal Beniamini of the Israeli Defense Forces revealed that devices are particularly vulnerable to so called #39;brute force attacks#39; – where hackers overwhelm security measures using a persistent trial and error approach.以色列国防军安全分析师盖尔·贝尼亚米尼在发布的一份调查报告中声称,这些手机设备在所谓的“暴力破解”下脆弱不堪。“暴力破解”是指黑客持续采用实验和“错误策略”的方法来破解安全措施。Android rolled out full disk encryption (FDE) on all devices from Android 5.0, which involves the phone generating a 128-bit master key based on the user#39;s password. However, the way in which the key is stored on the device means it could potentially be easily cracked by cyber criminals and even law enforcement agencies.从安卓5.0系统开始,安卓在所有设备上都推出了全磁盘加密,这使得在用户密码基础上,手机能够生成一个128位的万能钥匙。但是,这份钥匙存储在手机中的方式却并不安全,从而有可能使得网络犯罪分子、甚至执法机构很轻易地就破解。Phone encryption was central to the recent FBI case involving Apple, in which authorities wanted the tech firm to break the encryption of an iPhone used by one of the attackers in the San Bernardino shootings in the US. In this case, the iPhone ran 256-bit FDE, which not even Apple could crack.在最近FBI和苹果的案件中,手机加密是其核心问题。当局获得了圣贝纳迪诺击案中一名袭击者所使用的iPhone手机,他们想要苹果破除手机的加密,但是这个手机使用的是256位全磁盘加密,甚至连苹果公司都不能破解。According to Neowin, these are namely flaws in how Qualcomm processors verify security and Android kernels – the core operating system.据Neowin透露,在高通处理器判别安全和安卓芯片(核心处理系统)的时候,就会出现所谓的漏洞。On a blog post outlining the full technical details of the Android hack, Beniamini explains that while both Google and the chip-maker have been made aware of the vulnerabilities, users may require hardware upgrades to fix the issue.在一篇概述安卓黑客全部技术细节的文中,贝尼亚米尼表示,虽然谷歌和高通已经意识到了这个漏洞,不过用户们也许可以要求更新硬件来解决这一问题。He wrote: #39;I#39;ve been in contact with Qualcomm regarding the issue prior to the release of this post, and have let them review the blog post. As always, they#39;ve been very helpful and fast to respond. Unfortunately, it seems as though fixing the issue is not simple, and might require hardware changes.#39;他写道:“在这篇文发表之前,我就一直和高通公司在联系,以求解决这个问题,我还让他们查阅了这篇文。跟以往一样,他们非常快捷地提出了一些有用的回应。但是不幸地是,要解决这一问题并非一件易事,而且可能会需要更新硬件。”The post explained how vulnerable phones could be targeted through everyday activities including email, web browsing and text messages.这篇文解释了手机在黑客的针对下是多么脆弱,他们只要进行一些日常的活动,例如邮件、网络浏览器和短信等就可以了。A spokesperson for Google told MailOnline: #39;We appreciate the researcher#39;s findings and paid him for his work through our Vulnerability Rewards Program. We rolled out patches for these issues earlier this year.#39;谷歌的一位发言人在接受《每日邮报》采访时表示:“我们很感激这位研究家的发现,并且用#39;漏洞奖励项目#39;来嘉奖他的研究。今年早些时候我们推出了针对这些问题的补丁。” /201607/454644

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